Skip to main content

AU Nairobi | About Nairobi

Landscape view of the city

In Maa language, Nairobi used to mean ‘a place of cool waters.’ Not anymore. The changing patterns of environment and human population have continued to impact its climatic conditions. Nairobi became the headquarters of the colonial administration in the early years of the 20th century. The early settlers started planting trees and constructing roads and other infrastructure–so that eventually Nairobi became a green city marked by wide boulevards. It got its official city mace in 1950, but still remained a small town serving Kenya’s substantial settler population and African laborers. Like many colonial towns, the city was segregated racially. Pass laws made it difficult for African migrants in the town to enter white suburbs or move in or out of the city. In 1963, when Kenya won its independence, the city saw its first rapid growth period. Informal settlements sprawled as population growth exceeded infrastructure growth. To date, this sporadic development continues, making Nairobi one of the fastest growing cities in the world. Its population exceeds four million.

Men spray painting artistic graffiti on city walls.

Nairobi has been called a dual city, meaning a city of great contrasts. The poorest section of the population lives in the backyards of the rich. The nicest shopping malls in the region are fronted by informal sector kiosks and shops. These contrasts are a result of poor city planning and lack of vision in the government–as well as rampant corruption. The wealthy can afford private solutions for public problems. They buy bigger cars to deal with poor road conditions, hire private security companies to protect their investments and residents, keep generators on hand to ensure uninterrupted electricity supply, and they go to the better-equipped private hospitals when they need to. But, most Nairobians develop other social mechanisms for their insecurity. This would be a running theme for our program.

View of tin huts in Kibera, a Nairobi slum

Homes in Kibera, Nairobi

Urban people now make up over 50% of the world’s population. However, for much of the world, urbanization is not a necessary indicator of development. It implies greater economic disparities, poorer standards of living, and desperation as people leave their rural subsistence lifestyles in pursuit of opportunities that may never be presented.

"Nairobi is a wonderful and exciting city worth exploring!"

- Student Evaluation

Billboards along Nairobi street

"There was a genuine opportunity to immerse in the culture of the city while simultaneously being able to pursue an objective understanding of the city and the country through an academic perspective."

-Student Evaluation