The purpose of your resume is to get an interview. In thirty seconds or less, most employers decide whether or not to consider applicants for employment, so your resume’s content must be clear, concise, and compelling. Tailor your resume to the specific position for which you are applying and present your most relevant skills, experience, and achievements. To stand a chance, make sure that your resume is free of misspellings and grammatical errors.
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The most common format, a chronological resume, lists your education and experience in reverse date order, with your most recent information first. It is best used when your employment history shows growth and development, you are seeking to stay in the same field, the name of your most recent employer is an asset, and prior job titles are particularly impressive. You should not use this format if you have frequently changed jobs or if large gaps exist in your employment history.
Curriculum Vitae (CV)
A curriculum vitae (CV) is more extensive than a resume and is primarily used when applying for teaching or research opportunities. To differentiate between the two, consider your target careers.
In the world of academia and scientific research, a CV is the standard job search document. The CV differs from a traditional resume in that it lists publications, professional presentations, classes taught, and other relevant academic information. While resume length is limited to one or two pages, the CV can grow with your career. Undergraduate students just beginning their academic or research careers may choose to build upon their traditional resume by adding undergraduate research, significant academic papers, publications, or presentations.
The term curriculum vitae (CV) can also be used when applying for positions abroad. Research your target country and its employment terminology to determine CV expectations. If possible, speak to a recruiter to better understand the country's culture and employment expectations.
Unless an employer specifically requests your publication and/or presentation history, then the employer is likely looking for a traditional resume.
This format includes the same content as a resume, as well as information required for Federal applications, such as your social security number, country of citizenship, position details, high school credentials, salary history, and references. Your employment history, education, and related training and skills should be listed in reverse chronological order and your content should emphasize specific results. To create one uniform resume that includes all of the information required by government agencies, use the USAJOBS Resume Builder.
A functional or “skills” resume organizes the skills and abilities that you have gained through disparate work experiences into clusters that directly relate to the position for which you are applying. Each skill should be reinforced by specific experiences and results that demonstrate your aptitude. This resume format emphasizes your qualifications and is recommended when changing careers or downplaying an unimpressive work history.
An infographic resume is a visual timeline that details your work history and professional skills and illustrates who you are as a candidate. Infographic resumes often contain images, data/charts, text, and color that describe your experience and expertise in a visual way. Infographic resumes are appealing in certain industries and to many employers because they are a representation of your creative skills. Some of these industries include public relations, marketing, and graphic design.
You can create an infographic resume entirely on your own or use online tools that assist you in building one. Several applications including visualize.me, Re.Vu, Kinzaa, and Brazen offer free tools that allow you to create dynamic infographic resumes.
While many employers find infographic resumes appealing, it is important that you create a traditional resume as well.
SECTIONS AND HEADERS
General guidelines exist so that employers can quickly and easily find key information on your resume; however, you may include personal touches through your layout and content so that your unique qualifications stand out.
Required details include your full name; current address; primary phone number, which is most likely your cell; and e-mail address. If you have a professional Web site that features work samples, you may include the URL. If you are abroad and use Skype, you may include your Skype number so that employers can easily communicate with you.
Objective – Profile – Summary Statement
This section is optional and is most effective when you know the specific industry or type of work that interests you, or when you are transitioning from one career to another. If you include it, clearly and concisely state your career goal or summarize your professional experience so that employers immediately know what you seek.
Begin with the most recent degree you are pursuing or have earned and list additional degrees in reverse chronological order.
Include your institution and its location by city and state; degree level; major, minor, or concentration; and the month and year of graduation, or anticipated completion. If you have studied abroad, include the institution and its location, academic term, and concentration.
Scholarships, academic awards and other honors can be included in this section or listed separately. Relevant courses, class projects, and independent studies can also be included and often help bolster credentials if you have less relevant work experience.
Emphasize relevant experience that you have gained through part- and full-time employment, paid and unpaid internships, volunteer positions, and leadership positions with student organizations. If your experience naturally breaks into two distinct categories – related and other – create separate headers and list your experiences accordingly.
For each entry, list the organization and its location by city and state, position title, and employment dates (month / year). Craft concise statements – not full sentences – and use strong verbs and specific details to describe your actions and results. Demonstrate to employers how you applied select knowledge, skills, and abilities to achieve desired outcomes. If possible, quantify your results to convey the scope and significance of the project.
Including this section in your resume is strongly recommended. When listing a variety of skills, such as computer, languages, and research, simply use the header “Skills.” If your skills are all one type, label the section accordingly, e.g. “Computer Skills.” If your skills support your career objective more effectively than other parts of your resume, place this section above less compelling sections.
Training – Certifications – Licenses
If you have successfully completed trainings or earned certifications or licenses that relate to your career goal, name the section accordingly and include key details.
Activities – Professional Associations
Through a description or a list of your accomplishments, extracurricular activities, or professional associations, employers begin to learn about your interests, motivations, and skills. For all leadership positions held, list the organization’s full name, your position title, membership dates, and a brief description of your key accomplishments. For involvement as a member, list the organization’s full name, membership dates, and activities in which you have participated that relate to your career objective.