Volume 7, Number 2 (December 2016)—download Full Issue
ABORTION IN COTE D'IVOIRE AND EL SALVADOR:
A CONSEQUENCE OF HIGH FERTILITY AND A CAUSE OF MATERNAL MORTALITY
By Claire Starks
While maternal mortality and fertility rates are much higher in Cote d'Ivoire than in El Salvador, both countries have made little progress during the last decade with the reduction of their maternal mortality rates despite experiencing a continuous decline in fertility rates. This article seeks to understand and address the relationships between abortion, maternal mortality and fertility within Cote d'Ivoire and El Salvador as well as the difficulties both countries face when reducing maternal mortality rates. The existing literature has specified the critical role of contraception in reducing the number of abortion-related maternal deaths. Hence, this article will also examine the differences in access to modern contraceptives in Cote d'Ivoire and El Salvador, and how these differences affect each country's goal to pursue lower maternal mortality rates.
MYTHS AND TRUTHS ABOUT WOMEN'S RIGHTS IN EGYPT AND MOROCCO
By Walter Francis
This article looks at gender inequality in Egypt and Morocco, which is interesting because both countries have historically been "progressive" Arabic countries in regards to attitudes towards women. However, Egypt currently has a very low availability of contraceptive methods and next to zero female participation in government. Meanwhile, Morocco has experienced significant increases in the access rate to contraception, in the ratio of college educated women and the percentage of women seats in parliament. This article analyzes the causes of Egypt's precipitous drop and Morocco's more steady increases.
DEFORESTATION AND RESOURCE DEPLETION IN BRAZIL AND INDONESIA
By Isabelle Paredes
This article looks at the effect that deforestation and the depletion of critical resources has on the ecosystems and thus the life of animals, plants, and people of Brazil and Indonesia. Though the two countries are very different in terms of geography, Indonesia is an archipelago while Brazil is a part of the continent of South America, both countries are known for being extremely rich in their varieties of species of wildlife, both of the plant and the animal variety. This article examines the evolution of deforestation and resource depletion in Brazil and Indonesia and outlines some of the key implications.
WHAT CONTRIBUTES TO THE CONTINUATION OF POVERTY IN KENYA AND VIETNAM?
By Hannah Rapoport
Poverty is a multifaceted global issue that deeply affects millions worldwide. Building on the 2000/2001 World Development Report, this article examines three key dimensions of poverty: a lack of opportunity, a lack of empowerment, and lack of security. The article identifies and compare these three dimensions and determinants of poverty in Kenya and Vietnam. This article closes by offering researched insights regarding curbing the multi-faceted issue of poverty in Kenya and Vietnam, including strategies of economic progression, and new ways opportunity, security and empowerment play in the future of Kenya and Vietnam.
The Global Majority E-Journal is published twice a year and freely available online. The journal publishes articles that discuss critical issues for the lives of the global majority. The global majority is defined as the more than 80 percent of the world’s population living in developing countries. The topics discussed include poverty, population growth, access to safe water, climate change, agricultural development, etc. The articles are based on research papers written by AU undergraduate students (mostly freshmen) as one of the course requirements for AU’s General Education Course: Econ-110—The Global Majority.