Volume 5, Number 2 (December 2014)—download Full Issue
A CLEAN 5 GALLONS A DAY KEEPS THE DOCTOR AWAY: THE WATER CRISIS IN KENYA AND RWANDA
By Kianna Billman
This article analyzes the impact of the water crisis in Kenya and Rwanda, where the lack of access to safe water increases mortality rates, especially due to exposure to water-borne diseases. The multi-faceted nature of the water crisis is discussed in relation to its impact on health and development. The five major causes of the water crisis will be evaluated, consisting of poor management of water resources, population growth and urbanization, droughts and floods that will become increasingly detrimental with future climate change, water contamination, and a lack of education about safe water consumption. The impact of these major contributors will be discussed in detail after the presentation of a brief literature review and some empirical background of both countries. The article closes with some solutions to reduce the short-term and long-term impacts.
HOT TIMES AHEAD: THE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AGRICULTURE IN INDIA AND NIGERIA
By Maude M. Fitzmaurice
India and Nigeria are developing countries that are already suffering from the negative effects of climate change. Both countries have huge agricultural sectors that are vital to their economies. India has the second largest farm output in the world. In Nigeria, 70 percent of its population is employed in the agricultural sector. This article compares and contrasts how climate change is affecting the essential food production in both India and Nigeria and the efforts each country is taking to minimize the negative effects of climate change.
AGRICULTURE IN KENYA AND UGANDA: RELEVANCE, BEHAVIOR, AND PERFORMANCE
By Giorgio Zenere
Kenya and Uganda are neighboring countries located in the great Lake Regions of East Africa. They share a substantial portion of one of the biggest lakes: Lake Victoria. They are both poor and agriculture-based countries. However, there are significant differences in the level of development, climate, contribution of agriculture to gross domestic product (GDP), agricultural behavior and agricultural performance between these two countries. This paper will focus on illustrating these differences by using the data available from the World Bank’s World Development Indicators. It shows that Kenya is overall more developed, uses far more fertilizers, withdraws far more water for agriculture, and uses far more tractors than Uganda. However, Uganda has made more progress during the last three decades in increasing the value added of its agriculture (in constant 2000 US$). On the other hand, Kenya has made more progress in increasing the production of food per capita.
NO ONE WANTS A BABY GIRL: ANALYZING GENDERCIDE IN CHINA AND INDIA
By Samantha Ufret
In recent years, India’s and China’s rapid economic has caught the eye of developed nations. While it confuses some and sings praises from others, India and China's rise to competitive economic powers is a sign that their status as developing nations could change sooner than many would have expected. Despite their rapid development, India and China’s neglect of gender inequality, especially the gendercide phenomenon, not only draws harsh criticisms from world governments, but also affects their ability to compete in the global economy because it perpetuates issues such as poverty, violence, and dramatically reduces human capital. This article focuses on the factors that explain gendercide in India and China.