Professor Berry's research concentration focuses on the intersection of religion and the environment, and includes questions about how religious traditions conceptualize the natural world and work to develop responses to ecological problems. He is particularly interested in the ways that religious concepts are built into the fabric of secular culture, as for example, in the way that the term "natural" reifies an ontological distinction between human beings and the world they inhabit. Drawing on archival materials and popular publications from the early 20th century, this line of analysis is currently taking shape in a book project that explores the role of religious ideas in the formation of the American environmental movement.
Ellen Feder's research works at the intersection of ethics and continental philosophy. She researches ethical problems involved with the medical management of children with atypical sex, that is, children who are neither clearly male nor female. Her current research project, "The Trouble with Intersex," brings to bear the theoretical tools of thinkers such as Nietzsche, Bourdieu, Foucault, and Merleau-Ponty, in order to make a case, not for resisting the medicalization of Disorders of Sex Development, but to argue that DSDs should be regarded in medicine "normally," that is to say, not as rare and unusual cases that justify extraordinary medical practices, but as "disorders like many others."
Gershon Greenberg's current research probes Jewish religious thought during the Holocaust. For some three decades after liberation from the camps, western scholarship presumed that the trauma of the catastrophe was so great that Jewish thinkers could not have responded at the time or in the immediate aftermath. Greenberg's discoveries and analyses of texts and manuscripts from Romania, Poland, Lithuania, Czechoslovakia, and Hungary, as well as from England, Palestine, America, and Shanghai, have shed new light on the Holocaust and the history of modern Jewish thought. Greenberg recently published Modern Jewish Thinkers from Mendeslssohn to Rosenzweig (Academic Studies Press, 2011).
Professor Leighton's research interests are bioethics, ethical theory, and practical ethics. Her work in the area of bioethics addresses the ethical implications of biotechnology and medicine, while it also examines the effects such real-world practices have on the discipline of ethics itself. She has a particular interest in technologies concerning human reproduction including genetics, reproductive medicine, and adoption. Two questions that motivate her current research are: How does assisted reproduction shift our understanding of what it is to be "related" to someone else? And, given the growth in genetic science and medicine, is their moral value in knowing one's genetics? In her current research project, Professor Leighton analyzes recent arguments about the ethics of egg and sperm donation especially as they rely on the idea that people have a "right to know" their genetic parents. An example of what she sees as the social importance of applied ethics, this work aims to expose the assumptions behind and implications of such arguments for our everyday understandings of what is a family and who is a parent.
Justin Marquis' research centers on the epistemology and metaphilosophy of Nietzsche, Deleuze, and Foucault. His dissertation, Nietzsche's Theory of Cognition: An Interpretation and Defense of Perspectivism, focuses on Nietzsche's skepticism and the implications of that skepticism for Nietzsche's larger philosophical project. His current research project seeks to uncover the relationship between life-affirmation and metaphysical system building in the philosophies of Nietzsche, Deleuze, and Spinoza. Justin is particularly interested in the intersections between Continental European philosophy and Analytic philosophy and the way in which 19th and 20th Century thinkers have appropriated and modified Kant's transcendental idealism.
Professor Oliver's research focuses on Latin American and Spanish philosophy, feminist philosophy, and philosophy of literature. While many of her publications analyze modern Mexican thought, her current project is a book on Redressing the Sexual Balance: The Affirmative Feminism of Carlos Vaz Ferreira, an analysis of the Uruguayan philosopher's pioneering early twentieth-century essay on feminist cultural criticism, including an English translation of his essay. Vaz Ferreira's thought is also situated and contrasted in terms of his Continental and pragmatist contemporaries and major texts.
Martyn Oliver's work explores religion's role in the construction of identity for both self and other. His current project examines how Alf layla wa layla, or The Thousand and One Nights, was used as a primary source for European conceptions of Islam and Muslims. Of particular interest is how early scholars in the nascent field of religious studies used medieval literary texts—often of composite origin—to make claims about religious, ethnic, and cultural essentialism. This research has additionally led to two related projects. The first regards the peculiar space that the study of Islam occupies in institutes of higher learning, in particular, tensions between religious studies, area studies, and our interest in contemporary geo-political affairs. The second examines representations of Islam and Muslims in American literature since the early 19th century.
Dr. Park's research interests include East Asian Zen and Huayan Buddhism, Buddhist ethics, Buddhist-Western comparative philosophy, and Buddhist encounters with modernity. At the core of these projects lies the question of how to understand Buddhist philosophy and religion in the context of modern and contemporary society. In her examination of Buddhism's encounter with modernity in East Asia, Dr. Park investigates diverse changes that Buddhism has adopted in order to make it relevant to changing social environments. By discussing Buddhism in comparison with contemporary postmodern discourse, Dr. Park considers a Buddhist-postmodern paradigm in dealing with such issues as gender, ethnicity, and conflict resolutions. With the analysis of the unique nature of Buddhist philosophy, Dr. Park proposes a constructive Buddhist ethics that reveals a Buddhist ethical paradigm both in theory and practice.
Shubha Pathak currently is researching the new ways in which the ancient Roman and Indian epic poets Ovid and Kalidasa regard their most powerful traditional divinities: the gods' king, Jupiter, and the divine destroyer Shiva. The poets, by portraying these fierce deities primarily as lovers rather than as enforcers of societal norms, reveal the reverential aspects of the epics in which the gods appear, the Metamorphoses and the Kumarasambhava and Raghuvamsha. These works thus offer their own theologies distinct from those of the primary epics of the Greco-Roman and Hindu traditions.
Dr. Reiman's research focuses on ethics, political philosophy, and public policy. He is developing a theory of justice, called "Marxian Liberalism," which joins the liberal idea that people have a natural right to liberty, understood as a right to be free from unwanted coercion, with the Marxian idea that private property is coercive. He is working as well on the tenth edition of his book on ideology and economic bias in the US criminal justice system, focusing in particular on how dangerous acts of the poor are treated as crimes while the dangerous acts of the rich are treated as regulatory matters. He has recently completed essays on the ethics of racial profiling, the social contract as a means to identify the requirements of justice, the moral status of abortion, and on the legitimate state and the moral obligation to obey the law.
Andrea Tschemplik's research thus far has been focused in Ancient Philosophy, in particular on Plato. She is currently working on tracing connections between Plato and Kant on the questions of knowledge, morality, and aesthetics. The point of this research is not to show that Kant is a "mere footnote" to Plato but rather to argue that the intersection of these two great thinkers reveals something about the structure of human thinking as such. In addition, she is also interested in investigating how 20th Century philosophers, such as Deleuze, Foucault, and Agamben, are in conversation with Plato's writings.
Lauren Weis researches the intersections of feminist theory, metaphysics, and epistemology. Her current project explores the claim that an effective ethics of embodiment must be predicated upon sound method in metaphysics. She argues that philosophical understanding of the moral complexities of human embodiment can be grounded in the dynamic metaphysics of emergence articulated by twentieth century thinker Bernard Lonergan. This approach, attentive to the dynamic operations of human consciousness, will allow feminists to effectively critique biased social and political schemes through a concrete, normative, and critical account of objectivity.