Skip to main content
Expand AU Menu

ADRL Sports & Anxiety Research

Sports Psychology: Examining the Function of Pre-performance and Pre-game Routines

Although sports psychologists have investigated rituals, superstitious behaviors, and pre-performance routines (PPRs) among athletes for several decades, researchers have failed to grasp a true understanding of the purpose of PPRs. There have been many suggestions as to their function, yet few studies have explored PPRs' perceived purpose through the athletes' point of view. Our current study's aim is to gain insight into the function(s) of PPRs as well as pre-game routines (PGRs) from the athletes' perspective. For additional information regarding this study, please contact Vicki Anagnostopoulos at