USS Elrod, conducting counter narcotics operations, visits Naval Station Guantanamo Bay, Cuba / Photo Credit: U.S. Navy / public domain
(U.S. Department of State, Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, 2015)
The 2015 State Department report on narcotics discusses the status of drug consumption, production, and transit in Cuba. It reports that, due to active policing, strict sentencing, and nationwide prevention and educational programs, drug consumption and production in Cuba remain low despite the island’s proximity to major drug exporting nations and the vast U.S. market for illegal drugs. It also discusses Cuba’s cooperation with the United States on apprehending and turning over U.S. fugitives and assisting in U.S. judicial proceedings.
By Joshua Partlow and Nick Miroff (Washington Post, January 2015)
This article discusses the unlikely partnership between the United States and Cuba on drug enforcement issues. It reports that the U.S. and Cuban government have cooperated on anti-drug crime activities, such as sharing information on the movements of suspected drug boats. Partlow and Miroff suggest that, given the reestablishment of diplomatic relations, the fight against drug smuggling could be a source of further cooperation between the two countries in the future.
(U.S. Department of State, Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, 2013)
The latest INCSR report indicates that the Cuban drug strategy has been enormously effective at limiting the sale, import, and consumption of narcotics. Through its increased coastal security measures, Cuba was able to rapidly decrease its capacity to serve as a hub for drug traffickers moving from the Caribbean to the United States. The authors indicate that drug use and export from Cuba is negligible.
(U.S. Department of State, Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, 2012)
The INCSR report from 2012 contains information about the drug policies that Cuba has undertaken to limit narcotics trafficking, emphasizing Cuba’s success at preventing trafficking from the sea due to their cooperation with the United States Coast Guard.
(U.S. Department of State, Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, 2011)
This document describes Cuba’s drug policies and its attempts to keep narcotics from entering or leaving the island. Although they are located in a key location, between major drug suppliers and the United States’ market, different programs and penalties have severely limited opportunities for export. In addition, the report indicates that very few Cubans use illegal drugs for economic, supply, and legal reasons.
Potential for Enhanced U.S.-Cuban Cooperation on Drug Interdiction and Related Law Enforcement: Feedback from a delegation visit to Cuba
(Washington Office on Latin America, 2010)
A U.S. delegation visited Cuba to discuss the possibility of ending the travel ban and embargo while encouraging constructive diplomacy for the security interests of both countries. WOLA considers how well joint counter-narcotics measures are working, if they should be expanded, and the possible benefits to the United States.
Gens. McCaffrey and Wilhelm Visit Cuba with CDI Group
by Glenn Baker (Center for Defense Information, 2001)
This article from the Center for Defense Information’s newsletter details two military official’s visit to Cuba in 2001. The generals aimed to explore the possibility of closer cooperation between the United States and Cuba. They discovered that regional security could be greatly enhanced if the two countries worked together, and suggested that the U.S. provide tools for information sharing and material support to enhance counter-narcotics operations.
by Peter Kornbluh (Georgetown University, 2000)
There is a growing concern that Cuba could become a major trafficking site. This document traces the history of Cuban drug policy and American cooperation with Cuba. It details all of Cuba’s anti-drug policy, including its school programming, and considers the relative success of these measures when combined with international support.