Photo credit: La Shola y El Gringo / Flickr / Creative Commons
(SUPPORT CUBAN CIVIL SOCIETY, MAY 2014)
In this letter, an ideologically diverse group of former U.S. government officials from both Republican and Democratic administrations acknowledge the actions that President Obama has taken to support the Cuban people, while urgently requesting that he use his executive authority to further advance U.S. policy reforms in four specific areas: expanding and safeguarding travel to Cuba for all Americans; increasing support for Cuban civil society; prioritizing principled engagement in areas of mutual interest; and taking steps to assure financial institutions that they are authorized to process all financial transactions necessary and incident to all licensed activities.
(The Cuba Institute at Florida International University, 2014)
The FIU Cuba poll, conducted every few years since 1991, is a standard reference on the public opinions and demographic profile of Cuban immigrants and their descendants in southern Florida. The 2014 poll in particular shows generational and ideological shifts among Cuban Americans who arrived before and after 1994, with younger generations more likely to favor the re-establishment of diplomatic relations with Cuba.
by Peter Schechter and Jason Marczak (Atlantic Council, 2014)
According to this survey commissioned by the Atlantic Council's Adrienne Arsht Latin America Center, American political opinion has shifted to support a broad U.S. government opening to Cuba, including an end to the 54-year-old trade embargo and restrictions on travel by Americans to the island. The survey of more than 2,000 people nationwide – including extra sampling among Hispanics and in the politically critical state of Florida – found that 56 percent favor a more direct U.S. engagement with Cuba or even a normalization of relations with a nation that U.S. policy has treated as a pariah since the 1960s.
by Chris Girard, Guillermo Grenier, and Hugh Gladwin (MacMillan Publishers, 2010)
Abstract: The latest survey – in a series extending from 1991 to 2008 – shows for the first time that the US trade embargo no longer enjoys majority support among South Florida’s Cuban Americans. This erosion of support may not be entirely a result of the failure of the embargo to accomplish its proclaimed goal. Nearly 50 years of economic sanctions against Cuba have not precipitated the Castro regime’s compliance or collapse. Yet, majority support for the embargo was sustained across all Cuban American immigration cohorts and generations in a 2004 survey (N¼1807). Significantly, the same survey shows that specific components of a full embargo – banning or restricting food, medicine and travel – obtained no more than minority support in any cohort arriving after 1981. This apparent discrepancy suggests that the embargo – embedded in an ‘‘exile ideology’’ – had become a more palatable, overarching anti-Castro symbol than have specific anti-Castro sanctions. Logistic Regression results show that with respect to anti-Castro measures, sanctions incurring tangible costs generate the greatest disagreement among South Florida’s Cuban Americans. Ultimately, in December 2008, even a largely symbolic expression of the exile ideology, Republican registration, was no longer embraced by a majority of Cuban Americans who had either recently immigrated or were born outside Cuba.
This study indicates that a majority of surveyed Americans are in favor of taking a different approach to U.S.-Cuban relations. It includes further information about the political and demographic breakdown of varying attitudes regarding trade, travel, and diplomatic relations. In each scenario, a majority of respondents favored lessening restrictions.
(Bendixen and Associates, April 2009)
Drawing on survey results from 400 Cuban-Americans around the country, this presentation includes respondents’ support for U.S. policies toward Cuba, and details about Cuban American remittance behavior. Bendixen and Associates provide comparative results from previous decades, showing trends of increasing support for a more open relationship with the Island.
(Angus-Reid Public Opinion, February 2002)
Based on the results from 1,008 random online survey participants, this poll indicates that almost two-thirds of Americans favor restoring relations with Cuba and lifting the U.S. travel ban. Additionally, about half of Americans agree on lifting the trade embargo.
(Cuban Research Institute, Florida International University)
As the longest running research project tracking Cuban Americans in South Florida, this website houses yearly poll data starting in 1991 on Cuban-Americans’ views of U.S. policy toward Cuba. It includes results from surveys by year, and allows for comparison based on age, policy question, and year of immigration.