Cuba Document Archive | Public Opinion


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Poll: Public Backs Engagement with Cuba

By the Washington Post and ABC News (December 23, 2014)

This poll, conducted with a nationwide random sample of 1,000 adults, indicates that the large majority of Americans (64 percent) are in favor of reestablishing diplomatic relations with Cuba. Not only do 68 percent of participants support the end of trade embargo, but 74 percent are also in favor of lifting travel restrictions to Cuba. Detailed results can be viewed according to age, race, education, and party identification/ideology, among other categories.

Link to full text via Washington Post

Cuban American Flash Poll

By Bendixen and Amandi (El Nuevo Herald-The Miami Herald-Tampa Bay Times, December 18, 2014)

This presentation provides detailed results of a survey conducted among a nationwide random sample of 400 Cuban-Americans during December 17-18, 2014. The results indicate that, while –in general–respondents are closely divided about their position on "Obama's announcement to begin normalizing relations with Cuba," clear differences in levels of support emerge when the results are considered according to country of birth, age, and party identification, for example. The survey also asked participants to explain the reasons behind their support or opposition of the normalization of diplomatic relations.

Link to full text via Scribd

CNN / ORC Poll 

(CNN, December 2014)

Based on the responses of 1,011 random participants surveyed after Obama announced changes US- Cuba policy, this poll indicates that 63 percent of Americans support the reestablishment of diplomatic relations with Cuba and more than a half want the embargo fully lifted. The document also includes the results of previous surveys showing the variation in support over time.

Link to full text via CNN

Open Letter to President Obama: Support Civil Society in Cuba


In this letter, an ideologically diverse group of former U.S. government officials from both Republican and Democratic administrations acknowledge the actions that President Obama has taken to support the Cuban people, while urgently requesting that he use his executive authority to further advance U.S. policy reforms in four specific areas: expanding and safeguarding travel to Cuba for all Americans; increasing support for Cuban civil society; prioritizing principled engagement in areas of mutual interest; and taking steps to assure financial institutions that they are authorized to process all financial transactions necessary and incident to all licensed activities.

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Cuba Poll: How Cuban Americans in Miami View U.S. Policies toward Cuba

(The Cuba Institute at Florida International University, 2014)

The FIU Cuba poll, conducted every few years since 1991, is a standard reference on the public opinions and demographic profile of Cuban immigrants and their descendants in southern Florida. The 2014 poll in particular shows generational and ideological shifts among Cuban Americans who arrived before and after 1994, with younger generations more likely to favor the re-establishment of diplomatic relations with Cuba.

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US-Cuba: A New Public Survey Supports Policy Change

by Peter Schechter and Jason Marczak (Atlantic Council, 2014)

According to this survey commissioned by the Atlantic Council's Adrienne Arsht Latin America Center, American political opinion has shifted to support a broad U.S. government opening to Cuba, including an end to the 54-year-old trade embargo and restrictions on travel by Americans to the island. The survey of more than 2,000 people nationwide – including extra sampling among Hispanics and in the politically critical state of Florida – found that 56 percent favor a more direct U.S. engagement with Cuba or even a normalization of relations with a nation that U.S. policy has treated as a pariah since the 1960s.

Link to the full report via the Atlantic Council

The Declining Symbolic Significance of the Embargo for South Florida’s Cuban Americans

by Chris Girard, Guillermo Grenier, and Hugh Gladwin (MacMillan Publishers, 2010)

Abstract: The latest survey – in a series extending from 1991 to 2008 – shows for the first time that the US trade embargo no longer enjoys majority support among South Florida’s Cuban Americans. This erosion of support may not be entirely a result of the failure of the embargo to accomplish its proclaimed goal. Nearly 50 years of economic sanctions against Cuba have not precipitated the Castro regime’s compliance or collapse. Yet, majority support for the embargo was sustained across all Cuban American immigration cohorts and generations in a 2004 survey (N¼1807). Significantly, the same survey shows that specific components of a full embargo – banning or restricting food, medicine and travel – obtained no more than minority support in any cohort arriving after 1981. This apparent discrepancy suggests that the embargo – embedded in an ‘‘exile ideology’’ – had become a more palatable, overarching anti-Castro symbol than have specific anti-Castro sanctions. Logistic Regression results show that with respect to anti-Castro measures, sanctions incurring tangible costs generate the greatest disagreement among South Florida’s Cuban Americans. Ultimately, in December 2008, even a largely symbolic expression of the exile ideology, Republican registration, was no longer embraced by a majority of Cuban Americans who had either recently immigrated or were born outside Cuba.

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Cuba Policy and U.S. Public Opinion

(World Public Opinion, April 2009)

This study indicates that a majority of surveyed Americans are in favor of taking a different approach to U.S.-Cuban relations. It includes further information about the political and demographic breakdown of varying attitudes regarding trade, travel, and diplomatic relations. In each scenario, a majority of respondents favored lessening restrictions.

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National Survey of Cuban Americans

(Bendixen and Associates, April 2009)

Drawing on survey results from 400 Cuban-Americans around the country, this presentation includes respondents’ support for U.S. policies toward Cuba, and details about Cuban American remittance behavior. Bendixen and Associates provide comparative results from previous decades, showing trends of increasing support for a more open relationship with the Island.

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Most Americans Willing to Re-establish Ties with Cuba

(Angus-Reid Public Opinion, February 2002)

Based on the results from 1,008 random online survey participants, this poll indicates that almost two-thirds of Americans favor restoring relations with Cuba and lifting the U.S. travel ban. Additionally, about half of Americans agree on lifting the trade embargo.

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FIU Cuba Poll

(Cuban Research Institute, Florida International University)

As the longest running research project tracking Cuban Americans in South Florida, this website houses yearly poll data starting in 1991 on Cuban-Americans’ views of U.S. policy toward Cuba. It includes results from surveys by year, and allows for comparison based on age, policy question, and year of immigration.

FIU Cuba Poll