Photo Credit: U.S. Department of State / public domain
By All Things Considered (NPR, April 10, 2015)
In this audio recording, William LeoGrande speaks with Audie Cornish about how Cuba ended up on the United States’ list of state sponsors of terrorism. Cuba was originally put on the list by then-President Ronald Reagan in 1982 because of its support for revolutionary movements in other parts of Latin America and its harboring of fugitives. Cornish and LeoGrande also discuss what removing Cuba from the list would mean for U.S.-Cuba relations.
(U.S. State Department, 2013)
This report provides a snapshot of 2013 events that are relevant to countries, including Cuba, designated as State Sponsors of Terrorism. Cuba first received this State Department designation in 1982 and has stayed on the list until the present because the U.S. government has determined that Cuba's actions, such as harboring and providing support for fugitives wanted in the U.S., constitute a threat to our national interests.
Is Cuba’s Refusal to Turn Over Fugitives from U.S. Justice a Valid Basis for its Continued Designation as a State Sponsor of Terrorism?
Remarks by Robert Muse (Center for International Policy conference “Taking Cuba off the Terrorist List: A Question of National Interest,” March 2013)
President Obama has failed to make significant reforms to Cuban foreign policy through Congress, and Muse urges the President to take charge and remove Cuba from the State Department’s list of State Sponsors of Terrorism. Muse believes that this action will improve relations with Cuba and the rest of the Latin American community.
By Wayne Smith, Peter Kornbluh, and Elizabeth Newhouse (Center for International Policy, January 2010)
This report outlines the findings of an international conference regarding the placement of Cuba on the State Department’s list of State Sponsors of Terrorism. Speakers outline the evidence used to maintain Cuba's status on the list, and the negative effects it has had on the relationship between the island nation and the United States. Many of the participants called for the removal of Cuba’s name from the list for diplomatic reasons.
By Mark P. Sullivan (Congressional Research Service, May 2005)
This documents outlines the arguments for and against Cuba remaining on the State Sponsors of Terrorism list. Proponents argue that there is clear evidence that Cuba has and continues to support terrorist insurgencies in Latin America and Africa. Opponents claim that the label is misleading and that it hinders a constructive relationship between Cuba and the United States.
By Anya K. Landau and Wayne S. Smith (Center for International Policy, November 2002)
Landau and Smith weigh the pros and cons of having Cuba on the United States’ State Sponsors of Terrorism list. The document includes a history of Cuba’s counter-terrorist efforts across the globe, and also provides examples of the nation housing international suspects and wanted criminals. After considering both sides of the argument, the authors conclude that Cuba should be removed from the list.