Cuba Document Archive | TV and Radio Marti

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Photo Credit: BBG / public domain

For more than two decades, the U.S. government has broadcast news and information to Cuba via Radio Martí (and subsequently TV Martí) to promote freedom and democracy. Over this time period, Congress has provided more than $660 million to fund these efforts. Radio and TV Martí is produced by the Office of Cuba Broadcasting, a U.S. government entity overseen by the Broadcasting Board of Governors.

Inspection of the Office of Cuban Broadcasting

United States Department of State and the Broadcasting Board of Governors: Office of Inspector General, July 2014

The Office of Inspector General issued a series of findings and recommendations after its observation of the Office of Cuban Broadcasting (OCB) from September-November 2013. Concerns included employee morale, security, and a need for greater oversight and better administration, but the inspection concluded that OCB had successfully implemented both the Broadcasting Board of Governors' 5-year strategic plan for 2012 through 2016, as well as the OCB's own programming needs.

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Broadcasting Board of Governors Should Provide Additional Information to Congress Regarding Broadcasting to Cuba

GAO Report December 2011

The Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG) was directed to submit a strategic plan for broadcasting to Cuba that met six specific requirements. In this report, the GAO examines the plan and determines that only one of the six requirements is fully addressed, and the remaining five only partially addressed. 

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Broadcasting to Cuba: Actions Are Needed to Improve Strategy and Operations

GAO Report January 2009

This report examines the Office of Cuba Broadcasting’s (OCB) broadcasting approach and what is known about its audience; how the Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG)—which oversees U.S. government broadcasting—and OCB ensure compliance with journalistic principles; steps taken to ensure adherence to domestic and international broadcasting laws, agreements, and standards; and steps BBG and OCB have taken to address management challenges. The GAO determines that decision makers lack basic information to help assess the relative success or return on investment from each of OCB’s transmission methods, and that the OCB’s broadcasts face varying levels of jamming by the Cuban government. 

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Broadcasting to Cuba: Weaknesses in Contracting Practices Reduced Visibility into Selected Award Decisions

GAO Report July 2008

The GAO evaluated the processes used to award the Radio Mambi and TV Azteca broadcasting contracts, and talent services contracts. It was found that IBB’s approach for awarding the Radio Mambi and TV Azteca contracts did not reflect sound business practices. 

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Issues Related to Reinvention Planning in the Office of Cuba Broadcasting (OCB)

GAO Report May 1996

This report provides information on OCB’s reinvention plan, the role and use of OCB’s research analysts, the reason for the resignation of Mr. Richard Lobo as Director of OCB, and the extent of progress made in monitoring Radio Martí’s compliance with Voice of America broadcast standards. In addition, information is provided on key events and time frames concerning USIA’s Office of Inspector General investigation into allegations of management reprisals in OCB. 

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Radio Martí Program Review: Processes Need Strengthening

GAO Report September 1994

The GAO reviewed the implementation of the U.S. Information Agency’s (USIA) plan for enhancing the overall review process for Radio Martí by moving a program review unit from the Office of Voice of America (VOA) Programs to the Office of the Associate Director, Bureau of Broadcasting, and making the unit responsible for overseeing the review process at Radio Martí; and creating an external review panel to evaluate the broadcast practices at Radio Martí. Recommendations included reviewing past comments and suggestions of the external review panel and determining whether the Office of Cuba Broadcasting had adequately considered them and taken appropriate action. 

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TV Martí: Costs and Compliance With Broadcast Standards and International Agreements

GAO Report May 1992

In this report, the GAO determined TV Martí’s costs since inception, including the value of support services provided by other agencies; compliance with Voice of America broadcast standards; and compliance with the International Telecommunications Convention and its associated radio regulations. Two of the three consultants believed that the broadcasts related to Cuba and the Cuban-American community lacked balance and did not meet established Voice of America standards. GAO recommends instituting procedures to ensure that TV Martí’s broadcasts meet its established standards. 

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Broadcasts to Cuba: TV Martí Surveys Are Flawed

GAO Report August 1990

The U.S. Information Agency’s (USIA) conducted two surveys to assess the effectiveness of TV Martí in Cuba from March 27 to May 12, 1990. The objectives of the report are to determine if the methodology used in these two surveys and the reporting of the results were consistent with sound data-gathering techniques and supported valid conclusions. The GAO found that the survey results are flawed because they make projections on the reception of TV Martí based on an incorrect application of generally recognized methodological techniques. 

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