Skip to main content

Definitions per federal regulations


Institutional Review Board
4200 Wisconsin Ave, NW, Room 201

Zembrzuski, Matt
IRB Coordinator

Institutional Review Board
4400 Massachusetts Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20016


Research is a systematic investigation, including research development, testing and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge. Activities which meet this definition constitute research for purposes of this policy, whether or not they are conducted or supported under a program which is considered research for other purposes. For example, some demonstration and service programs may include research activities.

Human Subject

A human subject is a living individual about whom an investigator (whether professional or student) conducting research obtains
  1. Data through intervention or interaction with the individual, or
  2. Identifiable private information.

Please use the Human Subjects Research Determination Form to see if your research qualifies for IRB review.

Exempt Review

A research protocol may qualify for exemption if it meets certain criteria. View the Federal Code section on Exempt Categories.

Expedited Review.

A research protocol that does not qualify for exemption may be eligible for expedited review. View the Expedited Review Categories.