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Who Makes Up Washington D.C.?
According to the U.S. Census, the number of people living in Washington D.C. is about 617, 996 compared to 311, 591, 917 for the whole United States. The majority of the District is Black 50.7%, followed by 42.4% White, and 35.3% Hispanic with a smaller percentage identifying as Asian 3/7%. Considering that 13.3% of Washingtonians were born in a foreign country and 14.5% speak a language other than English in their home, it is likely that the people you tutor will speak another language besides English.
Let’s breakdown some of the issues…
Poverty: In 2016, 17.3% of the population of DC lived below the
poverty level as compared to the national poverty rate of 13.5%. .
Additionally, one in ten residents of DC lives in extreme poverty or below 50%
of the poverty limit. 32% of female-headed households live in poverty. Poverty
levels vary dramatically by demographics with “one in four black DC residents
and one in five Hispanic DC residents living in poverty compared with fewer
than one in 10 white non-Hispanic residents.” (DC Fiscal Policy Institute)
Homelessness: In 2016, the total
number of homeless residents in D.C. increased by 14.4%, from 2015 with a total
population of 8,350 individuals. (Community
Partnership for the Prevention of Homelessness). DC continues to have the highest rates of
homelessness in the country with 119.9 homeless individuals per 10,000
residents compared to the national average of 18.8 (“The State of Homelessness
in America”, 2015). DC has the highest rates of homeless veterans in the
country with 10.8% of the 28,632 individual veteran population. In the larger
metropolitan area, 2015 demonstrated an overall decrease in the homeless
population to 11,623 individual (2.7% decrease) and chronic homelessness
continues to decline slowly.
Unemployment: National unemployment rate is at 5.5
%; In Washington, DC unemployment is at 7.8 %. The unemployment percentage is
25.2 % in Ward 8, 17.1 % in Ward 7, and 3% in Ward 3. 18% of residents with a
high school diploma are unemployed as of 2016 (DC Fiscal Policy Institute).
Education:In the District of Columbia, 69% of public high school students
graduate from public high school. (DC
Office of the State Superintendent of Education) DC public schools have the
lowest graduation rate in the country behind Oregon and New Mexico (Time,
2015). The education attainment of people in the District of Columbia in
2011-2015 breaks down to 10.7% having less than a high school diploma, 18.0%
having a high school diploma, 23.3% having a Bachelor’s Degree, and 31.2%
having a Graduate or Professional degree. (DC
State Data Center)
HIV/AIDS: There are 13,391 current residents of
DC or 2.0% of the population living with HIV. The 2% exceeds the World Health
Organization’s definition of generalized epidemic. The District has seen a 48%
decline of cases from 2001.Blacks and
Hispanics with HIV exceed 1% of their respective populations, with blacks
disproportionately impacted at 3.2% (District
of Columbia Department of Health)