Profile

Photo by Jeff Watts, American University

Daniel Esser

Assistant Professor
School of International Service

  • Additional Positions at AU

    Research Affiliate, MIT Center for International Studies
  • Dr. Esser investigates aid effectiveness in the context of local, national and global development policies and programs. He focuses on three interrelated fields: [1] local (in particular urban) governance in the context of armed conflict, [2] global health agenda-setting and resource allocation, and [3] discourses as frames for global development policies. He has conducted field research in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, and most recently in Mexico. His research has been published in World Development, Third World Quarterly, the Journal of Modern African Studies, Environment and Urbanization, the Journal of Peacebuilding & Development, Global Public Health, the Journal of Social Policy, Urban Studies, Ethics & International Affairs, Communication Theory, Critical Planning, the Journal of Business Ethics, Learning and Teaching and Encyclopaedia Iranica, as well as in several edited books. Dr. Esser was an Academic Resident at the Rockefeller Foundation's Bellagio Center in Italy in June 2013, a Drugs, Security and Democracy (DSD) Postdoctoral Fellow of the Social Science Research Council (SSRC) in 2012-13, a SPURS Research Fellow at MIT in 2003-04 and a Carlo Schmid Fellow in the International Labour Office in 2001-02. In 2006-08, he spent two years working for UNESCAP in Bangkok and UNDP in New York. He has received research grants from Canada's International Development Research Centre (IDRC), the British Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), the Mellon-MIT Program on NGOs and Forced Migration, the German National Academic Foundation and the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD).
  • Degrees

    PhD, Development Studies; MSc, Development Management (Dist.), London School of Economics and Political Science
  • Favorite Spot on Campus:

    Woods-Brown Amphitheater

    Favorite Place in Washington DC:

    Rock Creek Park

    Languages Spoken:

    Spanish, German and some rusty French
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  • OFFICE

  • SIS-School of Intl Service
  • SIS - 221
  • Regular office hours will resume in August 2014. The link to the sign-up sheet is below ("SEE ALSO: sign-up sheet for Dr. Esser's office hours"). In the interim, please e-mail Dr. Esser for an appointment.
  • CONTACT INFO

  • (202) 885-1892 (Office)
  • Send email Profile UserID
  • FOR THE MEDIA

  • To request an interview for a
    news story, call AU Communications
    at 202-885-5950 or submit a request.

Teaching

  • Spring 2014

    • GNED-2134 Sophomore Seminar Areas 1 3 4: Global Cities Today
    • Description
    • SIS-635 Adv Topics in Development Mgmt: Development Policies
    • Description
  • Summer 2014

  • Fall 2014

    • SIS-896 Selected Topics:Non-Recurring: Pol Analysis for Int'l Affairs
    • Description
    • SISU-419 Senior Capstone: Int'l Studies: Violence in Cities: Glbl Persp
    • Description

Scholarly, Creative & Professional Activities

Selected Publications

  • "TED Talks on International Development: Trans-Hegemonic Promise and Ritualistic Constraints" (with T. Denskus), Communication Theory, forthcoming (2015).
  • "Countering the Risks of Vocationalisation in Master’s Programmes on International Development" (with T. Denskus), Learning and Teaching: The International Journal of Higher Education in the Social Sciences, forthcoming (2015).
  • "Security Scales: Spectacular and Endemic Violence in Post-Invasion Kabul, Afghanistan," Environment & Urbanization, forthcoming (2014).
  • "Interventionism and the Fear of Urban Agency in Afghanistan and Iraq," in: M. Kamrava (ed.), Fragile Politics: Weak States in the Greater Middle East, New York, NY: Oxford University Press, forthcoming (2014).
  • "Elusive Accountabilities in the HIV Scale-up: ‘Ownership’ as a Functional Tautology," Global Public Health 9(1-2), pp. 43-56, 2014.
  • "Tracing Poverty and Inequality in International Development Discourses: An Algorithmic and Visual Analysis of Agencies’ Annual Reports and Occasional White Papers, 1978-2010" (with B. J. Williams), Journal of Social Policy 43(1), pp. 173-200, 2014.
  • "The Political Economy of Post-Invasion Kabul, Afghanistan: Urban Restructuring Beyond the North-South Divide," Urban Studies 50(15), pp. 3084-3098, 2013.
  • "Comparable and Yet Context-Sensitive? Improving Evaluation in Violently Divided Societies Through Methodology" (with E. E. VanderKamp), Journal of Peacebuilding & Development 8(2), pp. 42-56, 2013.
  • "Ageing as a Global Public Health Challenge: From Complexity Reduction to Aid Effectiveness" (with P. Ward), Global Public Health 8(7), pp. 745-768, 2013.
  • "Social Media and Global Development Rituals: A Content Analysis of Blogs and Tweets on the 2010 MDG Summit" (with T. Denskus), Third World Quarterly 34(3), pp. 409-424, 2013.
  • "‘When We Launched the Government’s Agenda…’: Aid Agencies and Local Politics in Urban Africa," The Journal of Modern African Studies 50(3), pp. 397-420, 2012.
  • "Does Global Health Funding Respond to Recipients' Needs? Comparing Public and Private Donors' Allocations in 2005-2007" (with K. Keating Bench), World Development 39(8), pp. 1271-1280, 2011.
  • "Postwar Political Restructuring in Freetown and Kabul: Theoretical Limits and the Test Case for Multiscalar Governance," Critical Planning 16, pp. 80-97, 2009.
  • "More Money, Less Cure: Why Global Health Assistance Needs Restructuring," Ethics & International Affairs 23(2), pp. 225-234, 2009.
  • "Kabul: Urban Politics from Mohammad Zaher Shah to Hamid Karzai," in: E. Yarshater (ed.), Encyclopædia Iranica (Volume XV, Fascicle 3), New York, NY: Encyclopædia Iranica Foundation, pp. 306-310, 2009.
  • "Who governs Kabul? Explaining Urban Politics in a Post-War Capital City," Cities and Fragile States Analytical Paper 43 (series 2), London: LSE Crisis States Research Programme, 2009.
  • "Managing for Compliance and Integrity in Practice" (with A. Rasche), in S. Carter, S. Clegg, M. Kornberger, S. Laske and M. Messner (eds.), Business Ethics As Practice: Representation, Reflexivity and Performance, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp. 107-127, 2007.
  • "Target Kabul: human insecurity in the Afghan capital," in humansecurity-cities.org (eds.), Human Security for an Urban Century: Local Challenges, Global Perspectives, Ottawa: Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada, pp. 14-15, 2007.
  • "From Stakeholder Management to Stakeholder Accountability: Applying Habermasian Discourse Ethics to Accountability Research" (with A. Rasche), Journal of Business Ethics 65(3), pp. 251-267, 2006.

Honors, Awards, and Fellowships

  • Rockefeller Foundation Bellagio Center, Academic Resident (2013)
  • SSRC Program on Drugs, Security and Development (DSD), Research Fellow (2012-13)
  • MIT Special Program for Urban and Regional Studies (SPURS), Research Fellow (2003-2004)
  • LSE Development Studies Institute, Best Performance Prize (2003)
  • LSE Graduate School, Graduate Merit Award (2002)
  • Carlo Schmid Program (Robert Bosch Foundation, DAAD, German National Academic Foundation), Fellow in the International Labour Office, Job Creation and Enterprise Development Department (2001-02)

Professional Presentations

  • TED Talks on International Development: Science Communication, ‘Digital Solutionism’ and the Technopolitics of Popular Mobilization (with T. Denskus), presentation at the 110th Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC, 28–31 August 2014.
  • Urban Violence and Armed Conflicts: Cities as Hubs, Symbols, Stages and Prey, invited lecture and workshop at the United States Chief of Staff of the Army’s Strategic Studies Group (CSA SSG), Arlington, VA, 27 August 2014.
  • Poverty, Faith and Victimization: Catalysts of Collective Action Amid Violence in Ciudad Juárez, 2008-2012, presentation at the Annual Congress of the Latin American Studies Association, Chicago, IL, 21–24 May 2014.
  • What Determines Collective Action in Violent Cities? Evidence from Survey Research in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, paper presented at the 109th Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago, IL, 29 August–1 September 2013.
  • Aging as a Global Public Health Challenge: Dimensions of Demographic Divergence in the Global South (with P. S. Ward), paper presented at the 109th Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago, IL, 29 August–1 September 2013.
  • Practices of Non-violent Collective Action in Ciudad Juarez, paper presented at the Annual Congress of the Latin American Studies Association, Washington, DC, 29 May–1 June 2013.
  • Rapid Urban Growth and Conflict in Asia‐Pacific: Fearing Cities or Changing Policies?, paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers, Los Angeles, CA, 9–13 April 2013.
  • Loops, Not Numbers: The Politics of Causal Inference in Peacebuilding Evaluation (with J. L. Junk), paper presented at the 54th Annual Convention of the International Studies Association, San Francisco, CA, 3–6 April 2013.
  • Urban Politics and Post-War Reconstruction in Iraq, presentation given at the Weak States in the Greater Middle East Working Group meeting, Georgetown University, School of Foreign Service in Qatar, 8–9 December 2012.
  • Do Social Media Reproduce or Challenge Global Development Rituals? A Content Analysis of Blogs and Tweets on the 2010 MDG Summit (with T. Denskus), paper accepted the 108th Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, New Orleans, LA (panel held virtually due to hurricane Isaac; video is available at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VyEHgWyqDAM), 30 August-2 September 2012.
  • Systemic Failure: MDG Accountability and Organizational Learning in the United Nations, paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers, New York, NY, 24–28 February 2012.
  • Chinese Capital in African Cities: Underground, Overground?, paper presented at the conference "The Ground Beneath Our Feet: Building, Living, and Thinking Underground," American University, Washington, DC, 11 November 2011.
  • Security Scales: Situating Endemic Violence in Kabul, Afghanistan, paper presented at Violent Cities: Challenges of Democracy, Development and Governance in the Urban Global South, Watson Institute, Brown University, Providence, RI, 28–29 April 2011.
  • From National Hub to International Hubris: The Overdetermination of Kabul and the New Politics of Scale in Afghanistan, paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers, Seattle, WA, 12–16 April 2011.
  • Aid Effectiveness, occasional lecture to newly recruited field staff of USAID’s Office of Democracy and Governance, Washington, DC, November 2010-current.
  • Why Work in International Development Despite the Industry’s Abysmal Track Record?, talk given (in German) as part of a panel on “Taking Initiative for a Better World,” Carlo Schmid Network Annual Meeting, Berlin, 5 November 2010.
  • The Transformative Power of Chinese Investment in Urban Africa: Toward Case Selection (with Du Liang and L. Roe), paper presented at the 106th Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC, 2–5 September 2010.
  • How Poverty Trumps Inequality: A Tracer Study of Development Discourse (with B. J. Williams), paper presented at the 106th Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC, 2–5 September 2010.

Grants and Sponsored Research

  • AU School of International Service, Conference Travel Award (2013)
  • Social Science Research Council, DSD Fellowship (2012-2013)
  • AU School of International Service, Conference Travel Award (2012)
  • AU International Travel Award for Faculty (2012)
  • AU School of International Service, Dean's Summer Research Award (2012)
  • AU School of International Service, Summer Research Grant (2011)
  • AU School of International Service, Summer Research Grant (2010)
  • German National Academic Foundation, Doctoral Grant for top 1% of German doctoral students (2004-2006)
  • Mellon-MIT Program on NGOs and Forced Migration, Research Grant (2004)
  • Economic and Social Research Council, +3 Award for Doctoral Studies (2003-2007)
  • German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), Doctoral Stipend for the UK (2003-04)
  • European Recovery Program, Pre-doctoral Grant (2003-04)
  • Sir Richard Stapley Educational Trust, Grant for research students (2003; declined)
  • German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), Grant for UK graduate school fees (2002-03)

Congressional Testimony

  • "Governance in Sierra Leone," (with D. Keen) pre-visit briefing of the UK House of Commons’ International Development Committee, London, 2 February 2006.

Professional Certifications

  • Certificate: Mediation and Participatory Processes (Program on Negotiation), Harvard Law School, Cambridge, MA (May 2004)
  • Certificate: Aspects of Public International Law (Euromediterranean Courses of International Law), Bancaja International Centre for Peace and Development, Castellón de la Plana, Spain (September 2002)
  • Certificate: External Relations of the European Union (EU International Summer School), Université Libre de Bruxelles with Michigan State University, Brussels, Belgium (July 2001)

AU Expert

Area of Expertise: Afghanistan, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, global health, local governance, complex emergencies, post-conflict reconstruction, aid effectiveness, program evaluation, United Nations

Additional Information: Daniel Esser's
research has been published in leading academic journals, including World Development, Ethics and International Affairs, Environment and Urbanization, Critical Planning, and the Journal of Business Ethics, among others.

Media Relations
To request an interview please call AU Media Relations at 202-885-5950 or submit an interview request form.

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