School of International Service
LeVan focuses on comparative political institutions, democratization, and African security. His book,"Dictators and Democracy in African Development: The Political Economy of Good Governance in Nigeria" (Cambridge University Press, 2014) explains two categories of public policy performance over fifty years, challenging conventional explanations that blame ethnicity, oil, foreign debt, and other factors. His has also published influential critiques of power sharing in Africa and on the Department of Defense's U.S. Africa Command. His 2011 essay "Questioning Tocqueville in Africa" won the Frank Cass Prize for Best Article by a Young Scholar from Routledge/Taylor & Francis Publishing. A 2014 essay identifies "analytic authoritarianism" as an emerging area of comparative research, and a new essay (with anthropologist Josiah Olubowale) examines property rights and migration in Abuja.
He is currently collaborating with SPA Professor Todd Eisenstadt on a new project on comparative constitutionalism, which coded the level of participation for every constitution-making process since 1974. He is also co-editing a collection of essays (with Joseph Fashagba) on state legislatures in Africa in a project funded by the National Endowment for Democracy and the American Political Science Association.
Prior to joining academia, he worked for U.S. Representative John Conyers (D-MI) and then as the National Democratic Institute's country director in Nigeria. He publishes the blog, Development4security and tweets @Dev4Security. A frequent commentator on African politics, he has appeared on PBS NewsHour, NPR's Diane Rehm Show, Voice of America TV, BBC World Television, al Jazeera, MSNBC, Amy Goodman's Democracy Now! and other shows.
DegreesPhD, political science, University of California, San Diego; MA, political science, American University; BA, political science, George Washington University
Favorite Spot on Campus:The CRS lounge, and the Korean garden
Favorite Place in Washington DC:I like Open City, Politics & Prose, and Qualia. I try to go to either the Black Cat or the 930 once a month!
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Partnerships & Affiliations
Chair, Peace & Security Section
American Political Science Association
Midwest Political Science Association
Fulbright Alumni Association
Scholarly, Creative & Professional Activities
Dr. LeVan's research interests include comparative democratization, political institutions and economic development, and authoritarianism.
Honors, Awards, and Fellowships
- Co-Leader, American Political Science Association's Africa Workshop, funded by the Andrew Mellon Foundation, 2011
- AU Curriculum Development Award for "Representation in the Developing World," 2011
- USAID in-kind grant for AU workshop on "The Consequences of Inclusive Governance," 2009
- American Political Science Association travel grant for Annual Conference, 2006
- Institute for International, Comparative and Area Studies field research grant, 2005
- Fulbright grant for dissertation research in Nigeria, 2003 – 2004 academic year
- Seymour Melman Fellowship, Institute for Policy Studies, 2001
- Pi Sigma Alpha Political Science National Honor Society, 1998
- Pi Alpha Alpha Public Affairs National Honor Society, 1998
- Secretary, Board of Directors, the Daima Project
- Member, American Political Science Association
- Member, African Studies Association
- Member, Midwest Political Science Association
- Member, International Studies Association
- Member, African Politics Conference Group
- Member, Nigerian Studies Association
- Member, Working Group and African Political Economy
- Member, Fulbright Association
- Member, National Board of Directors, Education for Peace in Iraq Center (2003 – 2004)
- "Analytic Authoritarianism and Nigeria," Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Studies (forthcoming 2012)
- "Power Sharing in Africa's Uncertain Democracies," in Governance: an International Journal of Policy, Administration, and Institutions, Vol. 24, No. 1, January 2011.
- "Questioning Tocqueville in Africa: Continuity and Change in Civil Society During Nigeria's Democratization," Democratization, January 2011.
- "The Consequences of African Cabinet Size, 1972 - 2004," with Assen Assenov (under review).
- "Decentralization and Corruption in Nigeria's Education Sector," (working paper).
- "Keeping Baloney Out of Africa," The Hill, 2008.
- "Next Steps for Nigeria's Democracy,"International Affairs Forum, January 2008.
- In Democracy's Shadow: the Secret World of National Security, co-edited with Marcus Raskin, Nation Books, 2005.
- "Be Careful Libby Case Doesn't Lead to More Secrecy," The Hill, November 2005.
- "Elections in Nigeria: Is the Third Time a Charm?" (Principal co-author, with Joyce Pitso and Bodunrin Adebo) in Journal of African Elections 2, 2003.
Briefing chair, "African Security Policy," Subcommittee on International Operations, House Foreign Affairs Committee, U.S. Congress (December 2008)
Area of Expertise: Nigeria, African politics, development, democratization
Additional Information: Carl LeVan has recently published articles about the U.S. Africa Command (in Africa Today),Nigerian democratization (in the journal Democratization), and the problems presented by African power sharing agreements (in the journal Governance). Prior to academia, he worked as the legislative director to U.S. Representative John Conyers, Jr. (D-MI) and served as the National Democratic Institute's country director in Nigeria. He is currently carrying out research on the economic consequences of Africa’s cabinets and is writing a book about Nigerian government performance. He publishes the blog Development4security.
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