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IARI | Issue Areas

Democratization and Development



Ambassador Akbar Ahmed, the Ibn Khaldun Chair of Islamic Studies, is deeply involved in interfaith dialogue and the study of global Islam and its impact on contemporary society. He has authored and edited several books on contemporary Islam, including Islam under Siege: Living Dangerously in a Post-Honor World, Postmodernism and Islam: Predicament and Promise, and After Terror: Promoting the Dialogue of Civilizations. In his most recent project, Journey into America: The Challenge of Islam, he and a team of young Americans travelled to more than 75 cities and 100 mosques across the country to better understand the Muslim community in the United States. Click here for more info.



Professor Robin Broad is a leading scholar and participant in the movement to create a more just and sustainable economic globalization. Her work on this, spanning more than three decades, centers on the political economy of development, and in particular the public and private structures of global economic governance; the impact of these structures of governance on economies, people, and their environments; and the social movements challenging the current structures of global economic governance. She has conducted field-work in Southeast Asia (primarily the Philippines, but also Indonesia and Thailand) as well as Central America (primarily El Salvador, but also Costa Rica and Guatemala), and Trinidad. Her recent books include Global Backlash: Citizen Initiatives for a Just World Economy and Development Redefined: How the Market Met Its Match. Her current research project looks at local, national, and global linkages to focus on the tension between what she calls local “rootedness” versus global “vulnerability.” Among her specific field research and writing on this are case-studies of (1)“food sovereignty” (or “security”) in poorer countries, with special expertise on organic, local agriculture vs. exports of food crops; and (2) mining issues (also known as “extractive industries”), with special expertise on current initiatives to advance ethical, just, and sustainable mining of metals such as gold. Click here for more info.



Associate Professor Christine Chin’s research focuses on the political economy of transnational migration, gender studies, and intercultural relations. Her most recent book, Cosmopolitan Sex Workers: Women and Migration in a Global City (Oxford University Press) demonstrates that as neoliberal economic policies create pathways connecting major cities throughout the world, competition and collaboration between cities creates new avenues for the movement of people, services, and goods. Her book In Service and Servitude: Foreign Female Domestic Workers and the Malaysian ‘Modernity’ Project (Columbia University Press), Chin examines why and how live-in domestic service performed by migrant women is key to the country's modernity project of creating a stable, developed, and multiethnic society. Cruising in the Global Economy: Profits, Pleasure and Work at Sea (Ashgate) investigates the relationship between flag states, cruise lines, port communities, middle class consumers, and transnational migrant workers in the global expansion of cruise tourism. She is currently developing a historical structural framework for examining race, gender, and class relations in the global political economy. Click here for more info.



Associate Professor Keith Darden focuses on the sources of national loyalties and their effects on patterns of insurgent violence, secession, and voting. His first book, Economic Liberalism and Its Rivals: The Formation of International Institutions among the Post-Soviet States, (Cambridge University Press) won the 2010 Hewett award from ASEEES and an honorable mention for the Shulman prize. His second book, Resisting Occupation: Mass Literacy and the Creation of Durable National Loyalties, (forthcoming with Cambridge University Press), explores how the national identities initially introduced to a community through schools account for subsequent patterns of voting, secession, and armed resistance to foreign occupation. Darden is co-editor of the Cambridge University Press Series on Problems of International Politics. Click here for more info.



Professor Jonathan Fox specializes in transparency and accountability, democracy and governance, social and environmental policy, transnational civil society dynamics, immigration, and Latino youth civic and political participation. His current research, funded by the Hewlett Foundation, focuses on international open government reforms, transparency and accountability in Mexican rural development policy, and on civic engagement in central California. He works with the website, a Mexican public interest site, and collaborates with civic groups in southern Mexico to develop their capacity to monitor social investment and agricultural policies. He has held fellowships with the Council on Foreign Relations and the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Click here for more info.



Associate Professor Carolyn Gallaher is a broadly trained political geographer whose work blends insights from political economy and cultural studies. She is the author of two books on right-wing paramilitaries. The first, After the Peace: Loyalist Paramilitaries in Post-Accord Northern Ireland, explains how loyalist paramilitary infighting after the 1998 peace process stalled the demilitarization process. The second, On the Fault Line: Race, Class, and the American Patriot Movement, is the culmination of five years of research on the U.S. militia movement. She has also published numerous articles on the religious right and Mexican politics. Click here for more info.



Assistant Professor Agustina Giraudy, is currently an Academy Scholar at the Harvard Academy for International and Area Studies. Her research focuses on subnational democracy in Argentina and Mexico, subnational institutions and federalism in Latin America. Her work has appeared or is forthcoming in the Journal of Politics in Latin America, Studies in Comparative International Development, Latin American Research Review, Journal of Democracy (en Español), Revista de Ciencia Política (Chile), among others. She was the co-winner of the 2010 Juan Linz Prize for Best Dissertation in the Comparative Study of Democracy awarded by the American Political Science Association. Her forthcoming book, Democrats and Autocrats, will be published by Oxford University Press. Click here for more info.



Associate Professor Tamar Gutner is the Associate Dean for Faculty Affairs and Graduate Education. Her research and teaching interests include international organizations, global environmental politics, and international political economy. Her research focuses on the performance and effectiveness of international organizations, particularly international financial institutions. She is the author of Banking on the Environment: Multilateral Development Banks and Their Performance in Central and Eastern Europe (MIT Press, 2002), and is currently writing International Organizations in World Politics (CQ Press). Her scholarly articles have appeared in journals such as International Organization and Global Environmental Politics. Click here for more info.



Austin Hart will join the SIS in the Fall as Assistant Professor and specializes in the study of political campaigns and voting behavior in the American and comparative contexts. His research focuses on the communication strategies candidates employ in response to the economic and institutional constraints they face and the effects of these strategies on voters and policymakers. His research has appeared in the Journal of Politics and Comparative Political Studies and has been funded by multiple sources, including a Dissertation Improvement Grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and a competitive grant from the TESS program (Time-Sharing Experiments in the Social Sciences). Click here for more info.



Patrick Thaddeus Jackson is currently Associate Dean for Undergraduate Education and Professor of International Relations. His research interests include culture and agency, international relations theory (particularly the intersection of realism and constructivism), the philosophy of science, sociological methodology, the role of rhetoric in public life, the concept of ‘Western Civilization,’ and the political and social theory of Max Weber. He is the author of Civilizing the Enemy: German Reconstruction and the Invention of the West (University of Michigan Press, 2006) and has published in International Relations, Perspectives on Politics, and International Studies Quarterly. He was named the 2012 U.S. Professor of the Year for the District of Columbia by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. In Spring 2014 he was honored by the Theory Section of the International Studies Association as the recipient of its inaugural best book award for his book, The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations. Click here for more info.



As the co-director of the Ethics, Peace and Global Affairs program, Professor Julie Mertus has written widely on human rights, U.S. foreign policy, refugee and humanitarian law and policy, gender and conflict and post-war transitions. Her geographic expertise is in Central and Eastern Europe, with a special emphasis on the former Yugoslavia. Her latest book is Human Rights Matters: Local Politics and National Human Rights Institutions. Click here for more info.



Assistant Professor Susan Shepler's research interests include youth and conflict, reintegration of former child soldiers, post-conflict reconstruction, refugees, education and economic development, nonprofits and globalization, and childhood studies. In addition to conducting research for UNICEF, the IRC, and Search for Common Ground, she has authored several book chapters and journal articles in the fields of youth studies, human rights, and African politics. Her book on the reintegration of former child soldiers in Sierra Leone, Childhood Deployed, is in production at NYU press and due out later this year. In Summer 2013, Shepler traveled to Nigeria on a Fulbright fellowship to study the links between education, state fragility, and armed conflict. Specifically, she will study Nigerians’ definitions of education and expectations for the state’s provision of education. She proposes to set aside various Western notions of education to survey professionals working in the education sector as well as Nigerian youth and, in particular, unemployed young men, to examine their views of education. Her research on education in West Africa has received support from the Spencer Foundation. Shepler has been named a George Arnhold Professor at the Georg Eckert Institute in Germany during the 2014-2015 academic year. Click here for more info.



Assistant Professor Matthew Taylor’s research and teaching interests include corruption and organized crime, judicial politics, and Latin American political economy. He is the author of Judging Policy: Courts and Policy Reform in Democratic Brazil, and co-editor of Corruption and Democracy in Brazil: The Struggle for Accountability. In addition, he has published in World Politics, Perspectives on Politics, Law and Social Inquiry, Comparative Politics, Economics of Governance, among others. He has lived and worked extensively in Brazil, most recently as an assistant professor at the University of São Paulo. Click here for more info.



Director of the Social Enterprise Program at American University, Robert Tomasko created and leads the first graduate degree program in social entrepreneurship in a school of international relations. He teaches courses in corporate social responsibility, effective activism, innovation, leadership, NGO management, and social entrepreneurship. Author of 4 management books, his latest, Bigger Isn’t Always Better, provides insights from economics and psychology about sustainable growth initiatives. Among his previous positions, he evaluated the performance of American companies who were signatories of the Sullivan Principles in South Africa. Click here for more info.