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IARI | Issue Areas

Democratization & Development 

The structures and systems representative of democracy are often characterized by greater accountability, reduced corruption, and greater legitimacy across leaders and their constituencies. The conditions that empower, motivate, and sustain democracy are generally the product of social, political, and economic systems and how such systems interact. This interaction tends to drive the very foundation from which development solutions and challenges emerge. Whether it is a respect for the rule of law and human rights or corporate social responsibility and transparency, democratization hinges on understanding unique systems within international affairs. Examples of our scholars’ research include an exploration of trafficking and its broader implications to local and global economies, the assessment of political drivers that underlie civil unrest and conflict, and a comparison of developing economies and judicial reforms. Scholarship in this issue area broadly covers the following topics:

  • Democratization and New States
  • International Development
  • Transparency & Accountability

  • Political Engagement

  • Peacebuilding & Conflict Resolution

  • Human Rights

  • Post-Conflict Reconstruction

  • Corruption

For additional information related to scholarly research pursuits in democratization and development, click here.

 


Mohammed Abu-Nimer

abunimer@american.edu

MOHAMMED ABU-NIMER

EXPERTISE

  • Conflict resolution and dialogue for peace

  • Israeli-Palestinian conflict

  • The application of conflict resolution models in Muslim communities

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

  • Ilham Nasser, Mohammed Abu-Nimer & Ola Mahmoud (2014) Contextual and pedagogical considerations in teaching for forgiveness in the Arab world, Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 44:1, 32-52.

  • Ilham Nasser & Mohammed Abu-Nimer (2012) Perceptions of forgiveness among Palestinian teachers in Israel, Journal of Peace Education, 9:1, 1-15.

  • Mohammed Abu-Nimer & Ayse Kadayifci (2011): Human rights and building peace: the case of Pakistani madrasas, The International Journal of Human Rights, 15:7, 1136-1159.


Adam Auerbach

aauerba@american.edu

ADAM AUERBACH

EXPERTISE

  • Comparative political economy

  • Institutional theory

  • Research methodology

  • Informal governance

  • Public goods provision in poor urban communities in India


Jeffrey Bachman

bachman@american.edu

JEFFREY BACHMAN

EXPERTISE

  • Prevention of and response to genocide

  • Role of the ICJ and ICC in prevention of genocide

  • Role of external state actors in human rights violations

  • Ethics of humanitarian intervention

  • Media framing of international crises

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

  • “President Obama’s Perpetual (Drone) War.” (Op-Ed). Providence Journal, January 7, 2012.

  • “If International Law Existed for U.S. Officials.” (Op-Ed). Common Dreams, December 5, 2011.

  • “President Obama’s ‘Unforced Errors.’” (Op-Ed). Common Dreams, October 22, 2011.

  • “Rallying Call to Progressives Unhappy with President Obama.” (Op-Ed). Daily Hampshire Gazette, January 1-2, 2011.


Robin Broad

rbroad@american.edu

ROBIN BROAD

EXPERTISE

  • Globalization, development and environment

  • Globalization and NGOs

  • Third-World development

  • Corporate social responsibility and accountability

  • Environmentally and socially responsible trade and investment

  • Child labor

  • Sweatshops


SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

  • "It's the New Economy, Stupid," with John Cavanagh, The Nation 295, no. 25. (17 December 2012).

  • "The Development and Agriculture Paradigms Transformed: Reflections from the Small-Scale Organic Rice Fields of the Philippines," with John Cavanagh, Journal of Peasant Studies, 39, no. 5, pp. 1181-1193 (30 October 2012).

  • Development Redefined: How the Market Met Its Match, with John Cavanagh. Boulder, CO.: Paradigm Publishers, 2009.


Charles Call

call@american.edu

CHARLES CALL

EXPERTISE

  • Post-war peacebuilding

  • Post-conflict governance and reconstruction

  • Latin America and the Caribbean

  • Human rights and democratization

  • Justice and security sector reform

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

  • Why Peace Fails: The Causes and Prevention of Civil War Recurrence. Georgetown University Press, 2012.

  • Building States to Build Peace.(ed.) Lynne Rienner, 2008.

  • Knowing Peace When You See It: Setting Standards for Peacebuilding Success,” Civil Wars 10, 2 (June 2008), 174-195.


Daniel Esser

esser@american.edu

DANIEL ESSER

EXPERTISE

  • Afghanistan, Pakistan, Sierra Leone

  • Global health

  • Local governance

  • Complex emergencies

  • Post-conflict reconstruction

  • Aid effectiveness, program evaluation

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

  • "Elusive Accountabilities in the HIV Scale-up: ‘Ownership’ as a Functional Tautology," Global Public Health 9(1-2), pp. 43-56, 2014.

  • "Tracing Poverty and Inequality in International Development Discourses: An Algorithmic and Visual Analysis of Agencies’ Annual Reports and Occasional White Papers, 1978-2010" (with B. J. Williams), Journal of Social Policy 43(1), pp. 173-200, 2014.

  • "The Political Economy of Post-Invasion Kabul, Afghanistan: Urban Restructuring Beyond the North-South Divide," Urban Studies 50(15), pp. 3084-3098, 2013.


RONALD FISHER

rfisher@american.edu

RONALD FISHER

EXPERTISE

  • Interactive conflict resolution

  • Informal, third party interventions in protracted and violent enthno-political conflict 

  • Social psychology of international relations
  • Conflict in Cyprus


SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

  • "Acknowledging basic human needs and adjusting the focus of the problem-solving workshop," in K. Avruch and C. Mitchell, eds. Conflict resolution and human needs. Oxford, UK: Routledge, pp. 186-201, 2013.

  • Fisher, R. J., Kelman, H. C. and Nan, S. A. "Conflict analysis and resolution," in L. Huddy, D.Sears and J. Levy, eds. Oxford Handbook of Political Psychology. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, pp. 489-521, 2013.

  • "Assessing the Contingency Model of Third Party Intervention in Successful Cases of Prenegotiation," Journal of Peace Research, 2007.


Jonathan Fox

fox@american.edu

JONATHAN FOX

EXPERTISE

  • Transparency and accountability

  • Democratization, governance and participation

  • Social and environmental policy

  • Transnational civil society

  • Immigration and youth civic/political engagement

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

  • Co-editor, Oaxacalifornian Reporting Team, Voices of Indigenous Oaxacan Youth in the Central Valley: Creating Our Sense of Belonging in California, UC Center for Collaborative Research for an Equitable California, 2013.

  • "State Power and Clientelism: Eight Propositions for Discussion,” in Tina Hilgers, ed., Clientelism in Everyday Latin American Politics, Palgrave, 2012.

  • Co-author, “Proporcionar transparencia ¿Hasta qué punto responde el gobierno mexicano a las solicitudes de información pública?” Gestión y política pública, 20(1), 2011.


Agustina Giraudy

giraudy@american.edu

AGUSTINA GIRAUDY

EXPERTISE

  • Subnational undemocratic regimes in Argentina and Mexico

  • Subnational institutions

  • Federalism

  • State territorial reach

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

  • Democrats and Autocrats: Pathways of Subnational Undemocratic Regime Continuity within Democratic Countries (Transformations in Governance), Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2015.

  • “Varieties of Subnational Undemocratic Regimes: Evidence from Argentina and Mexico.” Studies in Comparative International Development, Vol. 48, Issue 1 (2013), 51-80.

  • "Conceptualizing State Strength. Moving Beyond Strong and Weak States”. Revista de Ciencia Política. Vol. 32, No. 3, (2012), 599–611.


Louis Goodman

goodman@american.edu

LOUIS GOODMAN

EXPERTISE

  • International affairs education

  • U.S. foreign policy

  • Democracy-building abroad

  • Civil-military relations in Latin America

  • Role of the military in the war on drugs

  • U.S.-Latin American relations; U.S.-Mexican relations; Inter-American relations

  • International business; multinational corporations

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

  • Lessons from the Venezuelan Experience. Co-edited with Johanna Mendelson Foreman, Moises Naim, Joseph Tulchin, and Gary Bland. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995

  • Political Parties and Democracy in Central America. Co-edited with William Leogrande and Johanna Mendelson Forman. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1992.

  • The Military and Democracy: The Future of Civil-Military Relations in Latin America. Co-edited with Johanna S. R. Mendelson and Juan Rial. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1990, published in Spanish as Los Militares y la Democracia. Montevideo: PIETHO, 1991.


Austin Hart IARI

ahart@american.edu

AUSTIN HART

EXPERTISE

  • Political campaigns

  • Voting behavior

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

  • Hart, Austin & Joel Middleton. 2014. "Priming under Fire: Reevaluating the Classic Media Priming Hypothesis." Journal of Politics 76(2): 581-592.

  • Hart, Austin. 2013. "Can Candidates Activate or Deactivate the Economic Vote? Evidence from Two Mexican Elections." Journal of Politics 75(4).

  • Hart, Austin. 2010. "Death of the Partisan? Globalization and Taxation in South America, 1990-2006." Comparative Political Studies 43(3): 304-328.


David Hirschmann

dhirsch@american.edu

DAVID HIRSCHMANN

EXPERTISE

  • Development management

  • Strategic planning and performance measurement

  • Micropolitics/political soundness

  • Gender and development

  • Bureaucracy, democracy and decentralization

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

  • Changing Attitudes of Black South Africans toward the United States, Edward Mellen Press, 1989.

  • Women Farmers in Malawi, University of California, 1984.


Carl LeVan

levan@american.edu

CARL LEVAN

EXPERTISE

  • Comparative democratization

  • Political institutions

  • Economic development

  • Authoritarianism


SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

  • "Analytic Authoritarianism and Nigeria," Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Studies (forthcoming 2012).

  • "Power Sharing in Africa's Uncertain Democracies," in Governance: an International Journal of Policy, Administration, and Institutions, Vol. 24, No. 1, January 2011.

  • "Questioning Tocqueville in Africa: Continuity and Change in Civil Society During Nigeria's Democratization," Democratization, January 2011.


Julie Mertus

mertus@american.edu

JULIE MERTUS

EXPERTISE

  • Human rights

  • U.S. foreign policy

  • International law

  • Gender and conflict

  • Central and Eastern Europe

  • Ethnic conflict

  • Humanitarian intervention Refugees

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

  • Human Rights Matters: Local Politics and National Human Rights Institutions (Stanford University Press, 2009).

  • The United Nations and Human Rights: A Guide for a New Era (Routledge, 2005, second edition 2009).

  • Bait and Switch: Human Rights and U.S. Foreign Policy (New York: Routledge, 2004, second edition 2007). Awarded “Best human rights book of the year” prize by the American Political Science Association, Human Rights Section.


Abdul Aziz Said

asaid@american.edu

ABDUL AZIZ SAID

EXPERTISE

  • Nonviolence

  • Human rights

  • Political pluralism

  • Cultural diversity

  • Ecological balance

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

  • "Islam and Peacemaking," (co-authored with Sheherazade Jafari), in Peacemaking: A Comprehensive Theory and Practice Reference, Praeger Security International, Forthcoming.

  • "Toward a Global Community: Sufism and World Order," (co-authored with Nathan Funk) Religious Studies and Theology, September 2010, 29.1.

  • "Localizing Peace: An Agenda for Sustainable Peacemaking," (co-authored with Nathan Funk), Peace and Conflict Studies, Spring 2010, 17.1.


Cathy Schneider

cschnei@american.edu

CATHY SCHNEIDER

EXPERTISE

  • Comparative social movements, riots, political violence

  • Policing of ethnic, racial, and religious minorities in the US, Europe and Latin America

  • Protest movements, urban politics

  • Immigration

  • Criminal justice and policing of ethnic, racial, and religious minorities in Latin America, Europe and the U.S.

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

  • Police Power and Race Riots: Urban Unrest in Paris and New York (Philadelphia: Penn Press, 2014).

  • "Violence and State Repression," in Swiss Political Science Review: Debating the Arab Spring 17 (4) Winter 2011.

  • "Police Power and Race Riots in Paris," in Politics and Society 35(4) Winter 2007.


Susan Shepler

shepler@american.edu

SUSAN SHEPLER

EXPERTISE

  • Youth and conflict

  • Reintegration of former child soldiers

  • Post-conflict reconstruction

  • Refugees

  • Education and economic development

  • NGOs and globalization

  • Transitional justice

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

  • Childhood Deployed: remaking child soldiers in Sierra Leone. New York University Press, June 2014.

  • “Mapping Conflict Dynamics across Nigeria’s Plateau State” co-authored with Chom Bagu and Sarah Bentu-Ladan. Journal of Peacebuilding and Development. Revising to resubmit.

  • “Bike Riders and Conflict Management in Sierra Leone.” Co-authored with Frances Fortune and Ngolo Katta. Revising to resubmit at African Conflict and Peacebuilding Review.

  • “Effects in post-conflict West Africa of teacher training for refugee women.” Co-authored with Sharyn Routh. Gender and Education. 24(4): 429-441. July 2012.


Loubna Skalli Hanna

hanna@american.edu

LOUBNA SKALLI-HANNA

EXPERTISE

  • Development

  • Communications and culture

  • Gender in the Middle East and North Africa

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

  • “Young Women and Social Media Against Sexual Harassment in North Africa”, Journal of North African Studies, Volume 18(5), December 2013.

  • “Youth, Media and the Politics of Change in North Africa: Negotiating Spaces, Identities and Power”, Journal of Culture and Communication in the Middle East, Issue 6, 1. 2013.

  • “Online-Offline Magazines for Muslim Women”, Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women, Oxford University Press, 2013.


Matt Taylor

mtaylor@american.edu

MATTHEW TAYLOR

EXPERTISE

  • State capacity

  • Corruption

  • Judicial politics

  • Latin American political economy


SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

  • Praça, S. and Taylor, M. M. (2014), Inching Toward Accountability: The Evolution of Brazil's Anticorruption Institutions, 1985–2010. Latin American Politics and Society, 56: 27–48.

  • Matthew M. Taylor (2014). The Limits of Judicial Independence: A Model with Illustration from Venezuela under Chávez . Journal of Latin American Studies, 46, pp 229-259.

  • Matthew M. Taylor (2013), The Open Question Behind Brazil’s Rise on the World Stage, International Affairs Forum, 4(1): 55-58.

  • Judging Policy: Courts and Policy Reform in Democratic Brazil. Stanford University Press, 2008. Recipient of the Victor Nunes Leal Prize, for best book in political science and international relations, Brazilian Political Science Association


Robert Tomasko

tomasko@american.edu

ROBERT TOMASKO

EXPERTISE

  • Social entrepreneurship
  • NGO management
  • Corporate social responsibility
  • Effective activism

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

  • Bigger Isn’t Always Better (Amacom: American Management Association, 2006)
  • “The End of Growth” in Business: The Ultimate Resource (Basic Books, 2006)
  • Go for Growth (John Wiley & Sons, 1996)

Anthony Wanis-St. John

wanis@american.edu

ANTHONY WANIS-ST. JOHN

EXPERTISE

  • International negotiation

  • Military negotiations

  • Ceasefires

  • Humanitarian negotiations

  • Peace processes

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

  • International Conflict Resolution: 'From Practice to Knowledge and Back Again’," in Deutsch, Coleman and Marcus, eds. Handbook of Conflict Resolution, 3rd ed., 2014 (with Suzanne Ghais).

  • "Indigenous Peacebuilding,” in Roger Mac Ginty, ed., Routledge Handbook of Peacebuilding (London: Routledge, 2013).

  • "Impediments to trade across the Green Line in Cyprus: The role of classic barriers and trust," with Omer Gokcekus, Dennis Nottebaum and Jessica Henson, Journal of Peace Research vol. 49, no. 6 (November 2012).