Volume 1, Number 1 (June 2010)—download Full Issue.
Sinking the Pearl of the Indian Ocean:
Climate Change in Sri Lanka
By Nazran Baba
This article analyzes the impact of climate change on Sri Lanka. It recognizes that climate change is a multidimensional phenomenon which does not only impact the environment but also Sri Lanka’s economy, health and society. The article provides a literature review and some empirical background on Sri Lanka’s greenhouse gas emissions before analyzing the gravity of climate change in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka’s options to reacting to this global phenomenon via mitigation and adaptation will also be addressed briefly.
The Water Crisis in Yemen:
Causes, Consequences and Solutions
By Nicole Glass
Yemen, a country located in a dry and semi-arid region of the Middle East, is already facing a severe water crisis. Mostly due to high population growth, misguided agricultural development and the growth of qat, a lack of law enforcement to regulate water use, and a vulnerable climate to climate change, the crisis may soon reach catastrophic levels. Beyond a brief description of the main causes of Yemen’s water crisis, this article also provides a brief overview of the literature, some empirical background, an analysis on the consequences, and a discussion of some of the proposed solutions to Yemen’s water crisis.
Indonesia: A Vulnerable Country in the Face of Climate Change
By Mariah Measey
This article reviews the causes of Indonesia’s high greenhouse gas releases, the impacts climate change has on the country, and the effects of climate change. It shows that deforestation, forest fires and the degradation of peat land have been the main causes for Indonesia being the world’s third largest emitter of greenhouse gases. It summarizes some of the main impacts climate change has in Indonesia, which include, but are not limited to: temperature increase, intense rainfall, sea level rise, and a threat to food security. It examines the effects climate change has on (i) Indonesia’s economy and poor people, (ii) human health, and (iii) Indonesia’s environment and biodiversity.
Poverty in Nigeria: Some Dimensions and Contributing Factors
by Chimobi Ucha
Unemployment, corruption, non-diversification of the economy, income inequality, laziness, and a poor education system can be considered to be some of the key factors contributing to poverty in Nigeria. This article analyzes these factors after reviewing some of the most recent contributions to the literature and summarizing some of the key dimensions of poverty in Nigeria. It also shows that there are various linkages between the six key factors as well as enforcing feedbacks from the various dimensions of poverty in Nigeria.