Cuba Document Archive | Human Rights


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Cuba's Emerging LGBT Nightlife Comes into Focus

By Johnny Simon and Rebecca Sanchez (, April 8, 2015)

This article discusses the multifaceted nature of Cuba’s LGBT community, as well as changes in the political landscape in terms of the country’s anti-gay laws. Simon and Sanchez describe life for LGBT people under Fidel Castro, whose experiences ranged from imprisonment and forced labor during the early years of the revolution to a gain in rights following the decriminalization of homosexuality in 1979 and Castro’s public disavowal of his anti-gay stance in 1993.

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Trafficking in Persons Report 2014 - Cuba Country Narrative

(U.S. State Department, 2014)

The U.S. government's annual Trafficking in Persons(TIP) Report provides information on the scope and nature of human trafficking worldwide. In 2014, the TIP Report ranked Cuba as a Tier 3 country, due to evidence of sex trafficking of both adults and children and inadequate efforts by the Cuban government to comply with minimum standards for eliminating trafficking.

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2013 World Report on Cuba

(Human Rights Watch, 2014)

This report details how the Cuban government has become increasingly brutal and draconian to instill fear and punish dissenters. It includes information about government-sponsored beatings, threats, and imprisonments that target journalists, activists, and dissidents.

Link to full text via Human Rights Watch

Candidature of Cuba to the Human Rights Council, 2014-2016

(UN Human Rights Council, September 2013)

The Government of Cuba put forth its candidacy to the Human Rights Council for the period of 2014 to 2016. Included with this request are Cuba's voluntary pledges and commitments to the Council, which generally ensure its commitment to human rights and to cooperate with the international community.

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Cuba Report 2012

(Human Rights Watch, January 2013)

This report summarizes human rights violations perpetrated by the Cuban government. Cuba remains the only country in Latin America that represses virtually all forms of political dissent. In 2012, the government of Raúl Castro continued to enforce political conformity using short-term detentions, beatings, public acts of repudiation, travel restrictions, and forced exile.

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Report on Human Rights in Cuba

(Amnesty International, 2012)

Like the U.S. Department of State’s report, this document explores changes in human rights violations from 2012. Key findings include higher levels of repression of free speech and movement, more imprisonments and short-term detainments than the year before. 

Link to the full text via Amnesty International

Cuba 2012 Human Rights Report

(U.S. Department of State, 2012)

This report summarizes human rights violations perpetrated by the Cuban government, presenting a list of the main abuses, such as abridgement of the right of citizens to change the government; government threats, intimidation, mobs, harassment, and detentions to prevent free expression and peaceful assembly; and a record number of politically motivated and at times violent short-term detentions.

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