Cuba Document Archive | NGO Responses, Research and Recommendations


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CLALS NGO Cuba archive

Education for All 2000-2015: Only Cuba Reached Global Education Goals in Latin America and the Caribbean

By UNESCO Press (UNESCO, April 9, 2015)

In its 2015 Education For All (EFA) Global Monitoring Report (GMR), UNESCO notes that only a third of countries worldwide have achieved all of the EFA goals, and that Cuba stands alone among countries in the Latin America and Caribbean region in doing so. According to the release, an extra $22 billion a year is needed to ensure the world achieves the new global education targets that are being set for 2015.

Link to full text via UNESCO

Cuba Topic Page

(Brookings Institution)

Over the last several years, Brookings has produced a number of expert research papers and commentaries about Cuba. The Cuba topic page brings together information about Cuba's foreign direct investment law, its currency unification options, its emerging middle classes and its relations with Venezuela, among other issues.

Link to full text via Brookings Institution



In this letter, an ideologically diverse group of former U.S. government officials from both Republican and Democratic administrations acknowledge the actions that President Obama has taken to support the Cuban people, while urgently requesting that he use his executive authority to further advance U.S. policy reforms in four specific areas: expanding and safeguarding travel to Cuba for all Americans; increasing support for Cuban civil society; prioritizing principled engagement in areas of mutual interest; and taking steps to assure financial institutions that they are authorized to process all financial transactions necessary and incident to all licensed activities.

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Opportunities for U.S. - Cuban Relations: Proposals for Cooperation in Areas of Mutual Interest

(Cuba-United States Academic Workshop (TACE) Working Paper, May 2012)

A group of Cuban and American scholars have engaged in a series of discussions to identify joint recommendations to ease the tensions between the two countries. This report outlines their conclusions on the topics of academic, scientific, and cultural engagement; freedom to travel; international commerce and development; terrorism and security issues; and the environment.

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Cuba: A New Policy of Critical and Constructive Engagement

(Brookings Institution, April 2009)

Brookings has administered surveys for several years to gauge Cuban-American's perceptions of U.S. policy toward Cuba. For the first time since this survey began in 2004, the results indicate that this population is now in favor of reform. The authors also present a detailed plan to normalize relations with Cuba through short-, medium-, and long-term changes. 

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Options for Engagement: A Resource Guide for Reforming U.S. Policy toward Cuba

By Anya Landau French (Lexington Institute, April 2009)

This article emphasizes the failure of the current U.S. policy toward Cuba and suggests numerous possible reforms that could improve relations between the two countries. Laundau French emphasizes that any reform that is adopted by a U.S. administration should not be tied to political change in the nation, but should be constructed to maximize U.S. domestic and international interests, and enable the U.S. to broadly contribute to change within Cuba.

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A Second Chance - U.S. Policy in the Americas

(Inter-American Dialogue, March 2009)

This report from a non-partisan, international group of scholars considers the various roles and relationships that could emerge from a restored relationship with Latin America. It emphasizes the contemporary value of this region for economic, social, and political reasons. While encouraging the United States to reverse its historically pervasive and overbearing role within the region, the scholars urge the U.S. to cooperate with Latin American nations for the benefit of the Hemisphere.

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Latin America and the U.S.: Building a Partnership for the Western Hemisphere

By Ray Walser (Heritage Foundation, February 2009)

Considering the economic, cultural, and geographic ties between the United States and Latin America, this article looks to the Obama administration to create a new approach to the region that will be economically beneficial while protecting economic and security interests. It gives the President a list of recommendations for opening relations with Latin America to achieve comprehensive and realistic policy reform.

Link to the full text via Heritage Foundation

Expand Trade - Even with Cuba

By Andrónico Luksic Craig (Americas Quarterly; Council of the Americas, Fall 2008)

This open letter to then President-elect Obama calls for the newly elected leader to consider global changes that would impact economies around the world. In particular, the author suggests a modern foreign policy toward Cuba in order to expand economic opportunity and increase trade possibilities.

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Rethinking U.S.-Latin American Relations: A Hemispheric Partnership for a Turbulent World

(Brookings Institution, November 2008)

This report is a result of the meetings of the Partnership for the Americas Commission, a group of 20 high-ranking officials and decision makers that met to discuss areas in which the U.S. and Latin America share interests and goals on issues that effect the entire region. In addition to the four priority areas identified by the Commission of combatting climate change, migration, economic integration, and protection from drug and organized crime, the report identified U.S. relations with Cuba as an issue that has hindered effective U.S. bilateral relations with other countries in the region. It concludes with a sequential set of recommendations to reform current U.S. policy.

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U.S.-Latin American Relations: A New Direction for a New Reality

(Council on Foreign Relations, 2008)

As Latin America becomes more valuable for geographic, economic, and cultural reasons, it has developed strong ties to other foreign nations, leaving the U.S. at a disadvantage. This task force calls for the creation of more harmonious and mutually beneficial relationships between the United States and its Latin American neighbors.

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Opting for Engagement

(Washington Office on Latin America, April 2008)

U.S. foreign policy towards Cuba has failed to produce greater respect for human rights or a democratic opening within the country. This collection of essays examines Canadian, Mexican, and EU foreign policies towards Cuba, what factors have influenced them and concludes with a set of recommendations for the U.S. The authors believe that engaging with Cuba is in the U.S.’ best interest both domestically and in terms of its international reputation. Engagement will allow the U.S. to play a more constructive role in Cuba’s future.

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Forging New Ties: A Fresh Approach to U.S. Policy in Latin America

(Washington Office on Latin America, September 2007)

WOLA advocates for a new approach to U.S. policy towards Latin America that breaks away from the traditional free market policies and takes into consideration the problems of poverty and inequality the region faces. In regards to Cuba, (page 12 of the document) engagement should replace isolationist policies. 

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U.S.-Cuban Relations in the 21st Century: A Follow-On Report

(Council on Foreign Relations, 2001)

While this report does not consider whether or not to lift the U.S. embargo on Cuba, it details the ideal terms for American investment in Cuba and recommends terms of settlement for Cuban expropriation claims. It further explores the possibilities of family reunification, open channels for academic information, security proposals to enhance trust and counter-narcotics operations, and trade and property rights.

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Independent Task Force Report on U.S.-Cuban Relations in the 21st Century

(Council on Foreign Relations, 1999)

This meeting of major experts and scholars of U.S.-Cuban relations aimed to reach a bipartisan consensus on building a relationship with Cuba. The panel encouraged an open dialogue among those hoping to create a modern and dynamic foreign policy between the United States and Cuba.

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Cuban American National Foundation

The Cuban American National Foundation is dedicated to bridging the divide between Cubans and their Cuban-American relatives in the United States. It shares information about developments on the island and within the Cuban-American community in order to reunite people from both places. In addition, it works to achieve a new course of action for U.S.-Cuban policy.