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Made in America Auto Index Research by Frank DuBois

What percentage of your vehicle's value contributes to the overall well-being of the US economy and why does this information matter to you?

Many consumers are interested in where the products that they buy come from. In many cases a product that is thought to be American may in fact be something else—the same holds true when it comes to foreign products in the US. One might think the country of origin of a car is Germany or Japan when in reality its Mexico or Canada. The Kogod Made in America Auto Index helps consumers determine how “American” a car really is by evaluating and ranking over 500 car models based on their country of origin and several other factors that can be found on a vehicle's label in the showroom. Other rankings do not always take into account all of the factors that the Kogod Made in America Auto Index includes – such as the location of the automaker headquarters and where the research and development takes place. 

The Kogod Made in America Auto Index provides information to help consumers make a decision when they are purchasing a vehicle. The goal of this auto index is to help the buyer be more knowledgeable about their purchases and understand the impact that these purchases have on the US economy.

Seven criteria are considered. This criteria includes profit margin, labor, and the location of research and development, among others.

Why is the Index important?

One of the first things a consumer looks at while car shopping is the price and options label.

Under the terms of the American Automotive Labeling Act cars sold in the USA must include four main pieces of data that are displayed prominently on the vehicle. Where the car was assembled, where the engine came from, where the transmission came from and most importantly, what is the percentage of US and Canadian “parts” content in the vehicle. This last data point is problematic since it does not separate out US from Canadian parts content. In addition, this number can be applied to all the vehicles in this carline even if it appears that it should not. Professor DuBois has found cars made in Japan, with a Japanese engine and transmission using the same US/Canadian parts content number as other versions of the same vehicle with a US engine, transmission and assembly. 

HOW does the Index work?

The index uses seven points derived from publicly available data. 

Several years ago, the Center for Automotive Research in Ann Arbor, MI developed a matrix for calculating the domestic content of vehicles sold in the US. In the Made in America Auto Index, seven criteria are looked at based on publicly available data. These weighted criteria are used to determine how “American” cars sold in the US actually are. They include:

  1. Profit Margin - This is measured based on the location of the automaker’s headquarters. If an automaker’s global headquarters is located in the US, the model receives a six. If it is not, the model receives a zero. The assumption here is that (on average) six percent of a vehicle’s value is profit margin, so if it is a US automaker, the profits remain in the country.
  2. Labor - This category considers where the car is assembled. If a model is assembled in the US, it receives a six. If not, the model receives a zero. We assume that approximately six percent of the vehicle’s value is labor content.
  3. Location of Research and Development (R&D) - This category looks at the location of a car’s R&D activities. If the model is a product of a comapny with US headquarters, it receives a six. If it is the product of a foreign company but is assembled in the US it receives a three. If the vehicle is a foreign import it receives a one.
  4. Inventory, Capital and other expenses - If the location of assembly occurs in the US, the model receives an 11. If assembly does not occur in the US, it receives a Zero.
  5. Engine - If the engine is produced in the US, the model receives a 14, if not it receives a zero.
  6. Transmission - If the transmission is produced in the US, the model receives a seven, if not it receives a zero.
  7. Body, Chassis, and Electrical Components - 50 percent of a vehicle’s score is assigned to this category. The American Automobile Leasing Association (AALA) percentage is divided into two to derive this score.

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2019 Auto Index Results
Rank Manufacturers Makes Carline USCanadianMade USHQ RD TDC FinalAssembly Engine TransmissionSource Engine Transmission Assembly ProfitMargin Labor TransmissionSource IventoryCapitalOther Engine BodyChasis
1.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Corvette Automatic Transmission 68% 1.0 6.0 84.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 34.0
1.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Volt 68% 1.0 6.0 84.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 34.0
2.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Wrangler JK Sport 4X4 74% 0.5 3.0 81.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 37.0
3.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Wrangler JK Unlimited Willys Wheeler 4X4 73% 0.5 3.0 80.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 36.5
3.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Wrangler 3.6 73% 0.5 3.0 80.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 36.5
4.0 Ford Motor Company Lincoln Continental 3.0 L T/C 60% 1.0 6.0 80.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 30.0
4.0 Ford Motor Company Lincoln Continental 3.7 L DOHC 60% 1.0 6.0 80.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 30.0
4.0 Ford Motor Company Lincoln Continental 2.7 L DOHC 60% 1.0 6.0 80.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 30.0
5.0 General Motors LLC Cadillac ATS 59% 1.0 6.0 79.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 29.5
5.0 General Motors LLC Cadillac CTS 59% 1.0 6.0 79.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 29.5
5.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Camaro Automatic Transmission 59% 1.0 6.0 79.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 29.5
6.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Cherokee 69% 0.5 3.0 78.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 34.5
6.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Cherokee Trailhawk 69% 0.5 3.0 78.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 34.5
6.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Cherokee Latitude FWD 69% 0.5 3.0 78.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 34.5
6.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Cherokee Latitude Plus 4X4 69% 0.5 3.0 78.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 34.5
6.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Cherokee Limited FWD 69% 0.5 3.0 78.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 34.5
6.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Grand Cherokee Trackhawk 4X4 69% 0.5 3.0 78.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 34.5
6.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura MDX A-Spec 75% 0.0 3.0 78.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 37.5
7.0 Ford Motor Company Ford F150-4X2 5.0L 56% 1.0 6.0 78.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 28.0
7.0 Ford Motor Company Ford F 150-4X4 2.7L, 5.0L 56% 1.0 6.0 78.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 28.0
7.0 Ford Motor Company Ford F 150 3.3L TIVCT, 3.5L GTDI, 3.5L 56% 1.0 6.0 78.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 28.0
7.0 Ford Motor Company Ford F 150 3.5 L High Output 56% 1.0 6.0 78.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 28.0
7.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Colorado 56% 1.0 6.0 78.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 28.0
7.0 General Motors LLC GMC Canyon 4WD Crew SLE Short Box 8 SP Auto 56% 1.0 6.0 78.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 28.0
8.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Taurus 3.5L T/C, 3.7L, 3.5L 55% 1.0 6.0 77.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 27.5
8.0 Tesla Tesla Model S (2019) 55% 1.0 6.0 77.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 27.5
9.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Corvette Manual Transmission 68% 1.0 6.0 77.0 US US M 1.0 0.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 14.0 34.0
9.0 General Motors LLC GMC Acadia AWD Denali 54% 1.0 6.0 77.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 27.0
10.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Cruze Sedan 53% 1.0 6.0 76.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 26.5
11.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura MDX 2WD 70% 0.0 3.0 76.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 35.0
11.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Odyssey 70% 0.0 3.0 76.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 35.0
11.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Passport FWD and AWD 70% 0.0 3.0 76.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 35.0
11.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Ridgeline FWD and AWD 70% 0.0 3.0 76.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 35.0
12.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Expedition 3.5L T/C 50% 1.0 6.0 75.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 25.0
12.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Explorer 3.5L V6 Cyclone 50% 1.0 6.0 75.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 25.0
12.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Exporer 2.3L T/C 50% 1.0 6.0 75.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 25.0
12.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Explorer 3.7L 50% 1.0 6.0 75.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 25.0
12.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Explorer 3.5L T/C 50% 1.0 6.0 75.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 25.0
12.0 Tesla Tesla Model X (2018) 50% 1.0 6.0 75.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 25.0
13.0 General Motors LLC Cadillac XT4 49% 1.0 6.0 74.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 24.5
13.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Malibu LTD 49% 1.0 6.0 74.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 24.5
13.0 General Motors LLC Buick LaCrosse 49% 1.0 6.0 74.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 24.5
14.0 Fiat Chrysler RAM Ram 1500 Classic Tradesman Quad Cab 4X4 59% 0.5 3.0 73.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 29.5
14.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura MDX AWD 65% 0.0 3.0 73.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 32.5
14.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura TLX AWD 65% 0.0 3.0 73.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 32.5
14.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Accord 65% 0.0 3.0 73.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 32.5
14.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Accord 2.0T Sport Touring 65% 0.0 3.0 73.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 32.5
14.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda CR-V 2WD (VIN=1, 4, 5) 65% 0.0 3.0 73.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 32.5
14.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Pilot 2WD and AWD 65% 0.0 3.0 73.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 32.5
14.0 Toyota Toyota Camry 65% 0.0 3.0 73.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 32.5
14.0 Toyota Toyota Highlander 65% 0.0 3.0 73.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 32.5
15.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Mustang 5.0L (Auto) 46% 1.0 6.0 73.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 23.0
16.0 Ford Motor Company Lincoln MKC (2.3L T/C) 45% 1.0 6.0 72.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 22.5
16.0 Ford Motor Company Lincoln Navigator 3.5L T/C 45% 1.0 6.0 72.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 22.5
16.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Camaro Manual Transmission 59% 1.0 6.0 72.5 US US M 1.0 0.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 14.0 29.5
16.0 Tesla Tesla Model 3 (2018) 45% 1.0 6.0 72.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 22.5
17.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Silverado (VIN=1) 42% 1.0 6.0 71.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 21.0
17.0 General Motors LLC GMC Sierra 42% 1.0 6.0 71.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 21.0
17.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura RDX 2WD 60% 0.0 3.0 71.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 30.0
17.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura RDX 2WD A-Spec 60% 0.0 3.0 71.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 30.0
17.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura RDX AWD 60% 0.0 3.0 71.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 30.0
17.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura RDX AWD A-Spec 60% 0.0 3.0 71.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 30.0
17.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura TLX AWD A-Spec 60% 0.0 3.0 71.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 30.0
17.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura TLX FWD 60% 0.0 3.0 71.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 30.0
17.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura TLX FWD A-Spec 60% 0.0 3.0 71.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 30.0
17.0 Kia Motors Kia Sorento (2.0L, 2.4L) 60% 0.0 3.0 71.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 30.0
17.0 Toyota Toyota Avalon 60% 0.0 3.0 71.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 30.0
17.0 Toyota Toyota Sequoia 60% 0.0 3.0 71.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 30.0
17.0 Toyota Toyota Tacoma 60% 0.0 3.0 71.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 30.0
17.0 Toyota Toyota Tundra 60% 0.0 3.0 71.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 30.0
18.0 General Motors LLC Cadillac Escalade 41% 1.0 6.0 70.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 20.5
18.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Tahoe, Suburban 41% 1.0 6.0 70.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 20.5
18.0 General Motors LLC GMC Yukon, Yukon EXT 41% 1.0 6.0 70.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 20.5
19.0 General Motors LLC Cadillac XT5 54% 1.0 6.0 70.0 US US J 1.0 0.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 14.0 27.0
20.0 General Motors LLC Cadillac CT6 38% 1.0 6.0 69.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 19.0
20.0 Kia Motors Kia Optima LX 56% 0.0 3.0 69.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 28.0
20.0 Kia Motors Kia Optima S 56% 0.0 3.0 69.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 28.0
21.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Malibu LT and RS 49% 1.0 6.0 67.5 US US MX 1.0 0.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 14.0 24.5
22.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Accord 2.0T Sport Touring 65% 0.0 3.0 66.5 US US J 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 14.0 32.5
22.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz C-Class Sedan (C300/C300-4M) 65% 0.0 3.0 66.5 US US G 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 14.0 32.5
22.0 Toyota Toyota Corolla 65% 0.0 3.0 66.5 US US J 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 14.0 32.5
23.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Mustang 5.2L -TIVCT 46% 1.0 6.0 66.0 US US MX 1.0 0.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 14.0 23.0
23.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Escape 4WD 1.5L 60% 1.0 6.0 66.0 US PL US 0.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 30.0
23.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Escape FWD 2.5L 60% 1.0 6.0 66.0 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 30.0
23.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Escape 4WD 1.5L 60% 1.0 6.0 66.0 US PL US 0.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 30.0
23.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Escape FWD 2.5L 60% 1.0 6.0 66.0 US MX US 0.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 30.0
23.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Mustang 2.3L T/C 46% 1.0 6.0 66.0 US US MX 1.0 0.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 14.0 23.0
23.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Mustang 5.0L (Manual) 46% 1.0 6.0 66.0 US US CH 1.0 0.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 14.0 23.0
23.0 Toyota Lexus ES 350 50% 0.0 3.0 66.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 25.0
24.0 Fiat Chrysler Dodge Grand Caravan 76% 0.5 3.0 65.0 CN US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 38.0
24.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Sierra 64% 1.0 6.0 65.0 CN US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 32.0
24.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Silverado (VIN=2) 64% 1.0 6.0 65.0 CN US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 32.0
24.0 Kia Motors Kia Optima SX TURBO 48% 0.0 3.0 65.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 24.0
25.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Expedition XLT 4X4 3.5L 62% 1.0 3.0 64.0 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 31.0
25.0 Ford Motor Company Ford F 150 2.7 DOHC 56% 1.0 6.0 64.0 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 28.0
25.0 Ford Motor Company Ford F 150 2.7 3.0L DSI 56% 1.0 6.0 64.0 US UK US 0.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 28.0
25.0 Ford Motor Company Ford F 150 5.0L DOHC 56% 1.0 6.0 64.0 US CAN US 0.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 28.0
25.0 General Motors LLC GMC Canyon Denali 4WD Crew SWB 6 SP Auto 56% 1.0 6.0 64.0 US TH US 0.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 28.0
25.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura ILX 60% 0.0 3.0 64.0 US US J 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 14.0 30.0
25.0 Toyota Toyota Sienna 60% 0.0 3.0 64.0 US US J 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 14.0 30.0
26.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Taurus 2.0L T/C 55% 1.0 6.0 63.5 US SP US 0.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 27.5
26.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda CR-V 4WD 45% 0.0 3.0 63.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 22.5
27.0 General Motors LLC Buick Enclave 54% 1.0 6.0 63.0 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 27.0
27.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Traverse 54% 1.0 6.0 63.0 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 27.0
28.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Wrangler JK Unlimited Sahara 4X4 63% 0.5 3.0 61.5 US UK US 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 31.5
28.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Civic 4D (VIN = 1, 4, 5) 55% 0.0 3.0 61.5 US US IND 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 14.0 27.5
28.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Elantra Limited 41% 0.0 3.0 61.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 20.5
28.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Elantra Value Edition 41% 0.0 3.0 61.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 20.5
28.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Elantra SE (VIN=5) 41% 0.0 3.0 61.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 20.5
28.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Elantra SEL 41% 0.0 3.0 61.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 20.5
28.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Pathfinder - 4CYL & 6CYL 55% 0.0 3.0 61.5 US US M 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 14.0 27.5
29.0 Fiat Chrysler Chrysler Chrysler 300 (3.6L) 68% 0.5 3.0 61.0 CN US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 34.0
29.0 Fiat Chrysler Dodge Durango SXT Plus AWD 62% 0.5 3.0 61.0 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 31.0
29.0 Fiat Chrysler Dodge Durango SXT Blacktop AWD 62% 0.5 3.0 61.0 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 31.0
29.0 Fiat Chrysler Dodge Durango SXT RWD 62% 0.5 3.0 61.0 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 31.0
29.0 Fiat Chrysler Dodge Durango Citadel AWD 62% 0.5 3.0 61.0 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 31.0
29.0 Fiat Chrysler Dodge Durango GT AWD 62% 0.5 3.0 61.0 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 31.0
29.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Edge sport AWD 2.7 56% 1.0 6.0 61.0 CN US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 28.0
29.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Ranger 50% 1.0 6.0 61.0 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 25.0
30.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Wrangler JK Rubicon 4X4 2.0L 61% 0.5 3.0 60.5 US I US 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 30.5
30.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Wrangler JK Unlimited Sahara 4X4 61% 0.5 3.0 60.5 US I US 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 30.5
30.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Wrangler JK Rubicon 4X4 2.0L 61% 0.5 3.0 60.5 US UK US 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 30.5
30.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Grand Cherokee Upland 4X4 61% 0.5 3.0 60.5 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 30.5
30.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Grand Cherokee Limited 3.6 61% 0.5 3.0 60.5 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 30.5
30.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Grand Cherokee Limited 4X4 61% 0.5 3.0 60.5 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 30.5
30.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Grand Cherokee Summit 61% 0.5 3.0 60.5 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 30.5
30.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Grand Cherokee Laredo E 4X4 61% 0.5 3.0 60.5 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 30.5
30.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Grand Cherokee High altitude 4X4 61% 0.5 3.0 60.5 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 30.5
30.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Sonic Automatic 49% 1.0 6.0 60.5 US A US 0.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 24.5
31.0 Fiat Chrysler Dodge Durango GT Blacktop RWD 60% 0.5 3.0 60.0 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 30.0
31.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Blazer 54% 1.0 6.0 60.0 M US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 27.0
31.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Sonata Limited 38% 0.0 3.0 60.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 19.0
31.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Sonata Limited 2.0T 38% 0.0 3.0 60.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 19.0
31.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Sonata SE 38% 0.0 3.0 60.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 19.0
31.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Sonata SEL 38% 0.0 3.0 60.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 19.0
31.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Sonata Sport 38% 0.0 3.0 60.0 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 19.0
32.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Cruze Hatchback 53% 1.0 6.0 59.5 M US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 26.5
33.0 Nissan North America, Inc Infiniti QX 60 50% 0.0 3.0 59.0 US US M 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 14.0 25.0
33.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Frontier 6CYL 50% 0.0 3.0 59.0 US US J 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 14.0 25.0
33.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Maxima 50% 0.0 3.0 59.0 US US M 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 14.0 25.0
33.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Titan 50% 0.0 3.0 59.0 US US J 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 14.0 25.0
34.0 Fiat Chrysler RAM Ram Rebel/Limited 4X4 5.7 57% 0.5 3.0 58.5 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 28.5
34.0 Fiat Chrysler RAM Ram 1500 Ltd Crew Cab 4X4 57% 0.5 3.0 58.5 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 28.5
34.0 Fiat Chrysler RAM Ram 1500 Ltd Rebel Crew Cab 4X4 5.7L 57% 0.5 3.0 58.5 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 28.5
34.0 Fiat Chrysler RAM Ram 1500 Big horn Crew Cab Rebel 4X4 57% 0.5 3.0 58.5 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 28.5
34.0 Fiat Chrysler RAM Ram 1500 Big horn Quad Cab Rebel 4X4 57% 0.5 3.0 58.5 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 28.5
34.0 Fiat Chrysler RAM Ram 1500 Laramie Crew Cab 4X4 5.7L 57% 0.5 3.0 58.5 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 28.5
34.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Escape 2.5L DOHC, 2.0L T/C 45% 1.0 6.0 58.5 US M US 0.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 22.5
34.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Escape 1.5L T/C 45% 1.0 6.0 58.5 US UK US 0.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 22.5
34.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Escape 2.5L DOHC, 2.0L T/C 45% 1.0 6.0 58.5 US MX US 0.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 22.5
34.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Escape 1.5L T/C 45% 1.0 6.0 58.5 US UK US 0.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 22.5
34.0 Ford Motor Company Lincoln MKC (2.0L T/C) 45% 1.0 6.0 58.5 US SP US 0.0 1.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 0.0 22.5
34.0 General Motors LLC Cadillac CTS-V Sport 59% 1.0 6.0 58.5 US J J 0.0 0.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 29.5
34.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Santa Fe Limited 2.0T FWD AWD 35% 0.0 3.0 58.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 17.5
34.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Santa Fe SE 2.4 FWD 35% 0.0 3.0 58.5 US US US 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 17.5
35.0 Fiat Chrysler Dodge Challenger SXT AWD 3.6L 60% 0.5 3.0 57.0 CN US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 30.0
35.0 Fiat Chrysler Dodge Challenger SXT AWD Blacktop 60% 0.5 3.0 57.0 CN US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 30.0
35.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Civic 2D 70% 0.0 1.0 57.0 CN US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 35.0
36.0 Toyota Toyota Avalon Hybrid 45% 0.0 3.0 56.5 US US J 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 14.0 22.5
36.0 Toyota Toyota Camry Hybrid 45% 0.0 3.0 56.5 US US J 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 14.0 22.5
37.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Flex 3.5L V6 Cyclone, 3.5L T/C 45% 1.0 6.0 55.5 CN US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 22.5
37.0 Ford Motor Company Lincoln MKT 3.7L 45% 1.0 6.0 55.5 CN US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 22.5
37.0 Ford Motor Company Lincoln MKT 3.5L T/C 45% 1.0 6.0 55.5 CN US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 22.5
37.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Cruz Sedan Diesel 53% 1.0 6.0 55.5 US H M 0.0 0.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 26.5
38.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda CR-V 2WD (VIN=2) 65% 0.0 1.0 54.5 CN US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 32.5
39.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Leaf 40% 0.0 3.0 54.0 US US J 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 14.0 20.0
40.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Grand Cherokee Summit 4X4 5.7 61% 0.5 3.0 53.5 US M G 0.0 0.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 30.5
40.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Grand Cherokee SRT 61% 0.5 3.0 53.5 US M G 0.0 0.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 30.5
40.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Grand Cherokee Overland 5.7L 61% 0.5 3.0 53.5 US M G 0.0 0.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 30.5
40.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Sonic Manual Transmission 49% 1.0 6.0 53.5 US A A 0.0 0.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 24.5
41.0 Fiat Chrysler Dodge Durango SRT 392 6.4L 60% 0.5 3.0 53.0 US M G 0.0 0.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 30.0
41.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Edge 2.7 L 40% 1.0 6.0 53.0 CN US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 20.0
41.0 Ford Motor Company Lincoln Nautilus 2.7L 40% 1.0 6.0 53.0 CN US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 20.0
42.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura MDX AWD 65% 0.0 3.0 52.5 US J J 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 32.5
42.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Accord Hybrid 65% 0.0 3.0 52.5 US J J 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 32.5
43.0 Toyota Toyota Tacoma (VIN = 3) 60% 0.0 1.0 52.0 M US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 30.0
44.0 Fiat Chrysler RAM Ram 1500 Express Quad Cab 4X4 57% 0.5 3.0 51.5 US M G 0.0 0.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 28.5
44.0 Fiat Chrysler RAM Ram 1500 Night Edition 4X4 57% 0.5 3.0 51.5 US M G 0.0 0.0 1.0 3.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 28.5
44.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Equinox 37% 1.0 6.0 51.5 CN US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 18.5
44.0 General Motors LLC GMC Terrain 37% 1.0 6.0 51.5 M US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 18.5
45.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz GLE Coupe (GLE43-4M) 61% 0.0 3.0 50.5 US G G 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 30.5
45.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz GLE Coupe (GLE63S) 61% 0.0 3.0 50.5 US G G 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 30.5
46.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz GLE SUV (GLE400-4M/GLE43-4M) 60% 0.0 3.0 50.0 US G G 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 30.0
46.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz GLE SUV (GLE63/GLE63S) 60% 0.0 3.0 50.0 US G G 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 30.0
46.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz GLS SUV (GLS450-4M) 60% 0.0 3.0 50.0 US G G 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 30.0
46.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz GLS SUV (GLS550-4M) 60% 0.0 3.0 50.0 US G G 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 30.0
46.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz GLS SUV (GLS63) 60% 0.0 3.0 50.0 US G G 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 30.0
47.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Altima 4CYL 55% 0.0 3.0 47.5 US M M 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 27.5
47.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Altima 4CYL Turbo 55% 0.0 3.0 47.5 US J M 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 27.5
47.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Murano 55% 0.0 3.0 47.5 US J M 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 27.5
48.0 Fiat Chrysler Chrysler Chrysler 300 (5.7L) 68% 0.5 3.0 47.0 CN M US 0.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 34.0
49.0 Fiat Chrysler Dodge Charger R/T 67% 0.5 3.0 46.5 CN M US 0.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 33.5
49.0 Fiat Chrysler Dodge Charger R/T Scat Pack 67% 0.5 3.0 46.5 CN M US 0.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 33.5
49.0 Fiat Chrysler Dodge Charger Daytona 392 67% 0.5 3.0 46.5 CN M US 0.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 33.5
49.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Rogue 25% 3.0 46.5 US US M 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 14.0 12.5
50.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Frontier 4CYL 50% 0.0 3.0 45.0 US J J 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 25.0
50.0 Subaru Subaru Ascent 50% 0.0 3.0 45.0 US J J 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 25.0
50.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Atlas (2.0L) 50% 0.0 3.0 45.0 US M JP 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 25.0
51.0 Ford Motor Company Lincoln MKZ 3.0L T/C 23% 1.0 6.0 44.5 M US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 11.5
51.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda CR-V 4WD (VIN=2) 45% 0.0 1.0 44.5 CN US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 22.5
51.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz C-Class Sedan 49% 0.0 3.0 44.5 US G G 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 24.5
51.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz C-Class Sedan (C63/C63S) 49% 0.0 3.0 44.5 US G G 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 24.5
51.0 Toyota Toyota Rav 4 Limited AWD 45% 0.0 1.0 44.5 CN US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 22.5
52.0 Fiat Chrysler RAM Promaster City 34% 0.5 3.0 44.0 T US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 17.0
52.0 Fiat Chrysler RAM Ram Promaster City Tradesman Cargo Van 34% 0.5 3.0 44.0 T US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 17.0
52.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Fusion 2.7L T/C 22% 1.0 6.0 44.0 MX US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 11.0
53.0 Kia Motors Kia Sorento (3.3L) 47% 0.0 3.0 43.5 US K K 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 23.5
53.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Atlas (3.6 L) 47% 0.0 3.0 43.5 US G JP 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 23.5
53.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Atlas V6 SEL , SE 4Motion 47% 0.0 3.0 43.5 US G JP 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 23.5
54.0 Fiat Chrysler Dodge Challenger SRT 392 60% 0.5 3.0 43.0 CN M US 0.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 30.0
54.0 Fiat Chrysler Dodge Challenger R/T Plus 60% 0.5 3.0 43.0 CN M US 0.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 30.0
54.0 Fiat Chrysler Dodge Challenger T/A 5.7L 60% 0.5 3.0 43.0 CN M US 0.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 30.0
54.0 General Motors LLC Cadillac XTS 48% 1.0 6.0 43.0 CN M US 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 24.0
54.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Impala (VIN=2) 48% 1.0 6.0 43.0 CN MX US 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 24.0
55.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Civic 4D (VIN = 2) 55% 0.0 1.0 42.5 CN US M 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.0 27.5
55.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Insight 45% 0.0 3.0 42.5 US J J 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 22.5
55.0 Subaru Subaru Impreza 45% 0.0 3.0 42.5 US J J 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 22.5
55.0 Subaru Subaru Legacy 45% 0.0 3.0 42.5 US J J 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 22.5
55.0 Subaru Subaru Outback 45% 0.0 3.0 42.5 US J J 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 22.5
55.0 Toyota Lexus RX350 55% 0.0 1.0 42.5 J US J 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.0 27.5
56.0 Kia Motors Kia Optima EX 44% 0.0 3.0 42.0 US M K 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 22.0
57.0 Fiat Chrysler Chrysler Pacifica 57% 0.5 3.0 41.5 CN M US 0.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 28.5
57.0 Fiat Chrysler Chrysler Pacifica Hybrid 57% 0.5 3.0 41.5 CN M US 0.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 28.5
58.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura NSX AWD 40% 0.0 3.0 40.0 US J J 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 20.0
58.0 Toyota Toyota Highlander Hybrid 40% 0.0 3.0 40.0 US J J 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 20.0
59.0 Ford Motor Company Lincoln Nautilus 2.0L T/C 40% 1.0 6.0 39.0 CN SP US 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 20.0
59.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Edge 2.0L T/C 40% 1.0 6.0 39.0 CN SP US 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 20.0
59.0 General Motors LLC Buick Regal FWD & AWD 26% 1.0 6.0 39.0 G US M 1.0 0.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.0 13.0
59.0 General Motors LLC Buick Regal TourX Esssence AWD 26% 1.0 6.0 39.0 G US M 1.0 0.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.0 13.0
60.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Renegade Sport 4X4 22% 0.5 3.0 38.0 I US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 11.0
60.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Renegade Trail Hawk 4X4 22% 0.5 3.0 38.0 I US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 11.0
60.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Renegade Latitude 4X4 22% 0.5 3.0 38.0 I US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 11.0
60.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Bolt EV LS 18% 1.0 6.0 38.0 US K K 0.0 0.0 1.0 6.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 9.0
61.0 BMW AG BMW X6 (5.0 L) 35% 0.0 3.0 37.5 US G G 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 17.5
61.0 BMW AG BMW X6 (3.5 L) 35% 0.0 3.0 37.5 US AU G 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 17.5
61.0 Fiat Chrysler Dodge Journey SE Blacktop 35% 0.5 3.0 37.5 M US M 1.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.0 17.5
62.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Passat (2.0L) 34% 0.0 3.0 37.0 US M JP 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 17.0
63.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Compass FWD Manual Transmission 17% 0.5 3.0 35.5 M US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 8.5
63.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Compass Latitude 2.4L 4X4 17% 0.5 3.0 35.5 M US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 8.5
64.0 BMW AG BMW X3 30% 0.0 3.0 35.0 US A G 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 15.0
64.0 BMW AG BMW X4 (3.0L) 30% 0.0 3.0 35.0 US G G 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 15.0
64.0 BMW AG BMW X4 (4.0 L) 30% 0.0 3.0 35.0 US AU G 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 15.0
64.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Passat (3.6L) 30% 0.0 3.0 35.0 US G G 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 15.0
65.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Renegade (2.4L) 14% 0.5 3.0 34.0 I US US 1.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 14.0 7.0
66.0 BMW AG BMW X5 (5.0 L) 25% 0.0 3.0 32.5 US G G 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 12.5
66.0 BMW AG BMW X5 (4.0 L) 25% 0.0 3.0 32.5 US A G 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 12.5
66.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Ford GT 13% 1.0 6.0 32.5 CN US G 1.0 0.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.0 6.5
66.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Rogue HEV 25% 0.0 3.0 32.5 US J J 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 12.5
67.0 Ford Motor Company Ford EcoSport (2.0L) 12% 1.0 6.0 32.0 IND US M 1.0 0.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.0 6.0
67.0 General Motors LLC Buick Envision 2.0 Turbo (US Engine) 12% 1.0 6.0 32.0 CH US CH 1.0 0.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.0 6.0
68.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Transit Connect 2.0L 10% 1.0 6.0 31.0 SP US FR 1.0 0.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.0 5.0
69.0 BMW AG BMW X7 (5.0 L) 21% 0.0 3.0 30.5 US G G 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 10.5
69.0 BMW AG BMW X7 (4.0 L) 21% 0.0 3.0 30.5 US AU G 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 10.5
69.0 Fiat Chrysler Dodge Journey (2.4 L) 35% 0.5 3.0 30.5 M US US 0.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 17.5
69.0 Fiat Chrysler Dodge Journey (3.6L) 35% 0.5 3.0 30.5 M M US 0.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 17.5
69.0 Ford Motor Company Lincoln MKZ 2.0L T/C 23% 1.0 6.0 30.5 MX SP US 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 11.5
69.0 Ford Motor Company Lincoln MKZ 2.0L HEV 23% 1.0 6.0 30.5 MX MX US 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 11.5
70.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Fusion 1.5L T/C 22% 1.0 6.0 30.0 MX PL US 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 11.0
70.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Fusion 2.0L T/C 22% 1.0 6.0 30.0 MX SP US 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 11.0
70.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Fusion 2.0L HEV 22% 1.0 6.0 30.0 MX MX US 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 11.0
70.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Fusion 2.5L DOHC 22% 1.0 6.0 30.0 MX MX US 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 11.0
70.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Fit (VIN= 1, 4,5) 20% 0.0 3.0 30.0 US J J 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 10.0
70.0 Volvo Volvo S60 Aut (8vxl) AWD (T6 AWD) 20% 0.0 3.0 30.0 US SW J 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 10.0
70.0 Volvo Volvo S60 Aut (8vxl) FWD (T5 FWD) 20% 0.0 3.0 30.0 US SW J 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 11.0 0.0 10.0
71.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Civic 4D (VIN = J) 55% 0.0 1.0 28.5 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 27.5
71.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Compass Limited 4X4 17% 0.5 3.0 28.5 M US I 1.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.0 8.5
71.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Compass Sport FWD 17% 0.5 3.0 28.5 M US I 1.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.0 8.5
71.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Compass Sport 4X4 17% 0.5 3.0 28.5 M US I 1.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.0 8.5
72.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Trax (Mexico) 14% 1.0 6.0 26.0 M A US 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 7.0
73.0 Ford Motor Company Ford EcoSport (1.0L) 12% 1.0 6.0 25.0 IND G US 0.0 1.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 6.0
73.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda HR-V 4WD 20% 0.0 1.0 25.0 M US IND 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.0 10.0
73.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda HR-V 2WD 20% 0.0 1.0 25.0 M US IND 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.0 10.0
74.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz C-Class Sedan (C300/C300-4M VIN=A) 19% 0.0 1.0 24.5 SAF US G 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.0 9.5
75.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda CR-V 4WD (VIN=J) 45% 0.0 1.0 23.5 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 22.5
75.0 Toyota Toyota RAV 4 XLE AWD 45% 0.0 1.0 23.5 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 22.5
76.0 Toyota Toyota Rav 4 Hybrid 15% 0.0 1.0 22.5 J US J 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.0 7.5
77.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Compass 17% 0.5 3.0 21.5 M M US 0.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 8.5
78.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Renegade (1.3L) 14% 0.5 3.0 20.0 I PL US 0.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 7.0
79.0 Toyota Lexus RX450h 35% 0.0 1.0 18.5 CAN J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 17.5
80.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Civic 5Dr Hatchback Sport 20% 0.0 1.0 18.0 UK J US 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 10.0
80.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura RLX 2WD 20% 0.0 1.0 18.0 J J US 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 10.0
80.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Civic 5Dr 20% 0.0 1.0 18.0 UK J US 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 10.0
81.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Fiesta 10% 1.0 6.0 17.0 MX BR M 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.0
81.0 Ford Motor Company Ford Transit Connect 2.5L DOHC 10% 1.0 6.0 17.0 SP M M 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.0
82.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Trax (Korea) 9% 1.0 6.0 16.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.5
83.0 Toyota Toyota Corolla SE (VIN=J) 30% 0.0 1.0 16.0 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 15.0
83.0 Toyota Toyota Corolla LE (VIN=J) 30% 0.0 1.0 16.0 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 15.0
84.0 General Motors LLC Buick Cascada 6% 1.0 6.0 15.0 PL H K 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0
85.0 Fiat Chrysler Jeep Compass (9 SPD) 17% 0.5 3.0 14.5 M M J 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.5
86.0 General Motors LLC Buick Encore FWD and AWD 4% 1.0 6.0 14.0 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0
87.0 Fiat Chrysler Fiat Fiat 500X 0% 0.5 3.0 13.0 I PL US 0.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
87.0 General Motors LLC Buick Envision 2.5L engine 2% 1.0 6.0 13.0 CH CH CH 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0
88.0 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Spark 1% 1.0 6.0 12.5 K K J 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
88.0 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Land Rover Discovery Sport HSE 9% 0.0 1.0 12.5 UK UK US 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 4.5
88.0 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Land Rover Range Rover HSE 9% 0.0 1.0 12.5 UK UK US 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 4.5
88.0 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Land Rover Range Rover Super Charged 9% 0.0 1.0 12.5 UK UK US 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 4.5
88.0 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Land Rover Range Rover Evoque SE 9% 0.0 1.0 12.5 UK UK US 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 4.5
89.0 Fiat Chrysler Chrysler Chrysler 300 (5.7L) 12% 0.5 3.0 12.0 M G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.0
89.0 Fiat Chrysler Fiat Fiat 500 (Auto) 12% 0.5 3.0 12.0 M I I 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.0
89.0 Fiat Chrysler Fiat Fiat 500 (Manual) 12% 0.5 3.0 12.0 M I J 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.0
89.0 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Land Rover Range Rover Velar S 8% 0.0 1.0 12.0 UK UK US 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 4.0
90.0 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Land Rover Range Rover Sport Super Charge Dynamic 7% 0.0 1.0 11.5 UK UK US 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 3.5
91.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Civic 5Dr 20% 0.0 1.0 11.0 UK J IND 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 10.0
91.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Fit (VIN=3) 20% 0.0 1.0 11.0 M J P 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 10.0
91.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan NV200 Cargo 20% 0.0 1.0 11.0 M J M 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 10.0
92.0 BMW AG BMW Cooper Convertible (Manual) 5% 0.5 3.0 8.5 N G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
92.0 BMW AG BMW Cooper Convertible (Auto) 5% 0.5 3.0 8.5 N G J 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
92.0 BMW AG BMW Cooper Countryman (Manual) 5% 0.5 3.0 8.5 N G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
92.0 BMW AG BMW Cooper Countryman (Auto) 5% 0.5 3.0 8.5 N G J 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
92.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura RLX AWD 15% 0.0 1.0 8.5 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.5
92.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Kicks 15% 0.0 1.0 8.5 M M CHN 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.5
92.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan NV200 Taxi NYT 15% 0.0 1.0 8.5 M M M 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.5
92.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Sentra 15% 0.0 1.0 8.5 M M M 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.5
92.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Sentra Turbo 15% 0.0 1.0 8.5 M J M 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.5
92.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Versa Note 15% 0.0 1.0 8.5 M M M 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.5
92.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Versa Sedan 15% 0.0 1.0 8.5 M M CHN 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.5
93.0 Fiat Chrysler Maserati Ghibli 4% 0.5 3.0 8.0 I I G 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0
93.0 Fiat Chrysler Maserati Quattroporte 4% 0.5 3.0 8.0 I I G 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0
93.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Beetle Dune Convertible 14% 0.0 1.0 8.0 M M JP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.0
94.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Beetle Convertible 13% 0.0 1.0 7.5 M M JP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.5
95.0 Fiat Chrysler Maserati Levante 2% 0.5 3.0 7.0 I I G 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0
95.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Beetle Dune 12% 0.0 1.0 7.0 M M JP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.0
96.0 Fiat Chrysler Alfa Romeo 4C 0% 0.5 3.0 6.0 I I I 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
96.0 Fiat Chrysler Alfa Romeo Giulia 0% 0.5 3.0 6.0 I I G 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
96.0 Fiat Chrysler Alfa Romeo Stelvio 0% 0.5 3.0 6.0 I I G 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
96.0 Fiat Chrysler Fiat Fiat 500L 0% 0.5 3.0 6.0 SRB I J 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
96.0 Fiat Chrysler Fiat Spider 124 0% 0.5 3.0 6.0 J I J 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
96.0 Nissan North America, Inc Infiniti QX50 10% 0.0 1.0 6.0 M J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.0
96.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Jetta (M6) 10% 0.0 1.0 6.0 M G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.0
96.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Jetta (A8) 10% 0.0 1.0 6.0 M G JP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.0
96.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Jetta 1.4 T SE 10% 0.0 1.0 6.0 M G JP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.0
96.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Jetta 1.4 T SEL 10% 0.0 1.0 6.0 M G JP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.0
96.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Jetta 1.4 T Line 10% 0.0 1.0 6.0 M G JP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.0
97.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Beetle 9% 0.0 1.0 5.5 M M JP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.5
98.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Jetta GLI (M6) 8% 0.0 1.0 5.0 M M G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.0
99.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Golf (SW) Alltrack 4Motion 7% 0.0 1.0 4.5 M M G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.5
99.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Golf GTI Manual Transmission 7% 0.0 1.0 4.5 M M G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.5
99.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Golf GTI Automatic Transmission 7% 0.0 1.0 4.5 M M G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.5
99.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Golf SportWagen 4Motion 7% 0.0 1.0 4.5 M M G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.5
99.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Golf GTI Autobahn, S, SE 7% 0.0 1.0 4.5 M M G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.5
99.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Jetta 1.4 T SEL Premium 7% 0.0 1.0 4.5 M BR JP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.5
99.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Jetta (SULEV) M6 7% 0.0 1.0 4.5 M BR G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.5
99.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Jetta (SULEV) A8 7% 0.0 1.0 4.5 M BR JP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.5
99.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Jetta (ULEV) A8 7% 0.0 1.0 4.5 M BR JP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.5
99.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Jetta GLI (A7) 7% 0.0 1.0 4.5 M M G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.5
100.0 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Jaguar XJR Sport AWD 6% 0.0 1.0 4.0 UK UK G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0
100.0 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Jaguar XJL Porfolio AWD 6% 0.0 1.0 4.0 UK UK G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0
100.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Golf (M6) 6% 0.0 1.0 4.0 M BR G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0
100.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Golf (A8) 6% 0.0 1.0 4.0 M BR J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0
100.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Golf SportWagen (M6) 6% 0.0 1.0 4.0 M M BR 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0
100.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Golf SportWagen (A8) 6% 0.0 1.0 4.0 M M BR 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0
100.0 Volvo Volvo V60 Aut (8vxl) AWD (T5 AWD) 6% 0.0 1.0 4.0 SW SW J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0
100.0 Volvo Volvo V60 Aut (8vxl) FWD (T5 FWD) 6% 0.0 1.0 4.0 SW SW J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0
101.0 BMW AG BMW 2 Series Coupe / Convertible 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW 3 Series Sedan 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW 3 Series Sedan 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 M G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW 3 Series Sports Wagon 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW 3 Series Gran Tursimo 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW 4 Series Gran Coupe 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW 4 Series Coup / Convertible 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW 4 Series Coupe /Convertible 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW 5 Series Sedan 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW 6 Series Gran Coupe 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW 6 Series Gran Turismo 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW 7 Series Sedan 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW 8 Series Coupe/Convertible 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW Cooper Clubman (Manual) 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 H G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW Cooper Clubman (Auto) 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 H G J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW Cooper Hard Top 2 Door (Manual) 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 H G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW Cooper Hard Top 2 Door (Auto) 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 H G J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW Cooper Hard Top 4 Door (Manual) 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 H G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW Cooper Hard Top 4 Door (Auto) 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 H G J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW i3 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW i8 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 G G J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW X1 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 G/N G J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW X2 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 G G J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 BMW AG BMW Z4 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 A G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Clarity 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 Mazda Motor Corporation Mazda Mazda2 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 M M J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 Mazda Motor Corporation Mazda Mazda3 (VIN=3) 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 M M J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 Nissan North America, Inc Infiniti QX80 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan 370Z Roadster 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Armada 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 Rolls-Royce Motor Rolls-Royce Cullinan 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 UK G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 Rolls-Royce Motor Rolls-Royce Dawn 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 UK G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 Rolls-Royce Motor Rolls-Royce Ghost 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 UK G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 Rolls-Royce Motor Rolls-Royce Phantom 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 UK G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 Rolls-Royce Motor Rolls-Royce Wraith 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 UK G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 Toyota Lexus Lexus ES Hybrid 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 Toyota Lexus LS 500h 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 Toyota Lexus NX 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 Toyota Lexus RX350 L 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 Toyota Lexus RX450h L 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 Toyota Toyota Yaris 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 M M J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 Volvo Volvo XC60 Aut (8vxl) FWD + ERAD (T8 AWD) 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 CH SW J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 Volvo Volvo XC90 Aut (8vxl) FWD + ERAD (T8 AWD) 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 SW SW J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
101.0 Volvo Volvo XC90 Excellence Aut (8vxl) FWD + ERAD (T8) 5% 0.0 1.0 3.5 SW SW J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
102.0 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Jaguar F Pace 25 T Premium 4% 0.0 1.0 3.0 UK UK G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0
103.0 Aston Martin Lagonda, Ltd. Aston Martin DB11 AMR 3% 0.0 1.0 2.5 UK G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5
103.0 Aston Martin Lagonda, Ltd. Aston Martin DB11 V8 3% 0.0 1.0 2.5 UK G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5
103.0 Aston Martin Lagonda, Ltd. Aston Martin DBS 3% 0.0 1.0 2.5 UK G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5
103.0 Aston Martin Lagonda, Ltd. Aston Martin Rapide AMR 3% 0.0 1.0 2.5 UK G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5
103.0 Aston Martin Lagonda, Ltd. Aston Martin Vanquish 3% 0.0 1.0 2.5 UK G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5
103.0 Aston Martin Lagonda, Ltd. Aston Martin Vantage 3% 0.0 1.0 2.5 UK G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5
103.0 Audi Audi Q5 3% 0.0 1.0 2.5 M M G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5
103.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Santa Fe XL Limited Ultimate FWD 3% 0.0 1.0 2.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5
103.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Santa Fe XL Limited Ultimate AWD 3% 0.0 1.0 2.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5
103.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Sonata Hybrid SE 3% 0.0 1.0 2.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5
103.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Sonata Plug-in Hybrid Limited 3% 0.0 1.0 2.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5
103.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Veloster R-Spec 3% 0.0 1.0 2.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5
103.0 Kia Motors Kia Sedona 3% 0.0 1.0 2.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5
103.0 Kia Motors Kia Stinger 3% 0.0 1.0 2.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5
103.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Tiguan 3% 0.0 1.0 2.5 G M JP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5
103.0 Volvo Volvo S90 Auto 3% 0.0 1.0 2.5 CH SW J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5
104.0 Audi Audi A5 Coupe 2% 0.0 1.0 2.0 G H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0
104.0 Audi Audi SQ5 2% 0.0 1.0 2.0 M H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0
104.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Kona EV Ultimate FWD 2% 0.0 1.0 2.0 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0
104.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Kona EV SEL FWD 2% 0.0 1.0 2.0 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0
104.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Kona EV Limited FWD 2% 0.0 1.0 2.0 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0
104.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Genesis G70 2% 0.0 1.0 2.0 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0
104.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Genesis G80 2% 0.0 1.0 2.0 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0
105.0 Audi Audi A3 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 H H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Audi Audi A4 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 G H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Audi Audi A5 Cabriolet 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 G H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Audi Audi A5 Sportback 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 G H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Audi Audi A6 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 G H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Audi Audi A7 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 G H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Audi Audi Q7 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 SL H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Audi Audi Q8 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 SL H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Audi Audi R8 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 G H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Audi Audi RS 3 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 H H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Audi Audi RS5 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 G H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Audi Audi RS7 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 G H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Audi Audi S3 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 H H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Audi Audi S4 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 G H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Audi Audi S5 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 G H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Audi Audi TT 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 H H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Elantra SE (VIN=K) 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Elantra Sport 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Elantra GT 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Ioniq Electric 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Ioniq Electric Limited 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Kona Limited AWD 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Kona SE FWD 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Kona SEL AWD 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Kona Iron Man Edition FWD 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Kona Ultimate AWD 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Genesis G90 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Ioniq Hybrid 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Ioniq Hybrid Limited 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Ioniq Hybrid Limited SEL 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Ioniq Plug-In Hybrid Limited 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Tucson Night FWD 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Tucson Night AWD 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Tucson SE FWD 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Tucson SEL FWD 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Tucson Sport AWD 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Land Rover Range Rover Sport HSE 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 UK UK G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Kia Motors Kia Cadenza 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Kia Motors Kia K900 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Kia Motors Kia Niro 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Kia Motors Kia Niro PHEV 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Kia Motors Kia Rio 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 M M M 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Kia Motors Kia Soul 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Kia Motors Kia Soul EV 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Kia Motors Kia Sportage 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 K K K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz AMG GT Roadster (AMG GT/ AMG GT R/ AMG GT C) 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Mitsubishi Motors Corporation Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Mitsubishi Motors Corporation Mitsubishi Outlander Sport 2.4 GT 2WD 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Porsche AG Porsche 911 GT2 RS 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Porsche AG Porsche Panamera 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 G H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Porsche AG Porsche Panamera Turbo 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Arteon 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 G H J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen eGolf SEL Premium 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Golf R Automatic Transmission 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 G H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Golf R Manual Transmission 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 G H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen eGolf SEL Premium 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Tiguan Limited 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 G H JP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Volkswagen Volkswagen Tiguan Limited 4MOTION 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 G H JP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Volvo Volvo S90 Aut (8vxl) AWD (T5 AWD) 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 CH CH J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Volvo Volvo S90 Aut (8vxl) AWD (T6 AWD) 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 CH SW J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Volvo Volvo S90 Aut (8vxl) FWD (T5 FWD) 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 CH CH J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Volvo Volvo V90 Aut (8vxl) AWD (T6 AWD) 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 SW SW J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Volvo Volvo V90 Aut (8vxl) FWD (T5 FWD) 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 SW SW J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Volvo Volvo V90 CC Aut (8vxl) AWD (T5 AWD) 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 SW SW J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Volvo Volvo V90 CC Aut (8vxl) AWD (T6 AWD) 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 SW SW J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Volvo Volvo XC40 Aut (8vxl) AWD (T5 AWD) 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 BE SW J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Volvo Volvo XC40 Aut (8vxl) FWD (T4 FWD) 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 BE SW J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Volvo Volvo XC60 Aut (8vxl) AWD (T5 AWD) 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 CH CH J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Volvo Volvo XC60 Aut (8vxl) AWD (T6 AWD) 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 CH SW J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Volvo Volvo XC60 Aut (8vxl) FWD (T5 FWD) 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 CH CH J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Volvo Volvo XC90 Aut (8vxl) AWD (T5 AWD) 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 SW SW J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Volvo Volvo XC90 Aut (8vxl) AWD (T6 AWD) 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 SW SW J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
105.0 Volvo Volvo XC90 Aut (8vxl) FWD (T5 FWD) 1% 0.0 1.0 1.5 SW SW J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
106.0 Audi Audi A8L 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 G H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Audi Audi e-Tron 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 BE H H 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S. Bugatti Chiron 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 F G UK 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Clarity Plug-In TRG 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Accent Limited 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 M M M 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Accent (SE Sedan 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 M M M 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Jaguar I Pace EV400 SE 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 AU PL G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Jaguar I Pace EV400 HSE 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 AU PL G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Jaguar F-Pace 30t R Sport 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 UK UK G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Land Rover Discovery HSE Luxury 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 SL UK G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Jaguar F-Type SVR AWD Coupe 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 UK UK G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Lamborghini Lamborghini Aventador 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 I I I 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Lamborghini Lamborghini Huracan 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 I H G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Lamborghini Lamborghini URUS 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 I G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mazda Motor Corporation Mazda CX-3 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mazda Motor Corporation Mazda CX-5 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mazda Motor Corporation Mazda CX-9 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mazda Motor Corporation Mazda Mazda3 (VIN=J) 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mazda Motor Corporation Mazda Mazda6 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mazda Motor Corporation Mazda MX-5 Miata 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz AMG GT Coupe (AMG GT/AMG GT S/AMG GT R/ AMG GT C) 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz C-Class Cabriolet 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz C-Class Coupe 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz E-Class Cabriolet (E450/E450-4M/AMG E53) 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz E-Class Coupe (E450/E450-4M/AMG E53) 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz E-Class Sedan 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz E-Class Wagon 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz GLA SUV 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz GLC Coupe 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz GLC SUV 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 FIN G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz S-Class Cabriolet 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz S-Class Coupe 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz S-Class Maybach 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz S-Class Sedan 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz SL Roadster 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Mercedes-Benz SLC Roadster 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mercedes-Benz USA Smart smart electric 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 F F F 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mitsubishi Motors Corporation Mitsubishi Eclipse Cross 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mitsubishi Motors Corporation Mitsubishi Mirage 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 T T T 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Mitsubishi Motors Corporation Mitsubishi Outlander 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Nissan North America, Inc Infiniti Q50 4CYL 6CYL 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 J G J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Nissan North America, Inc Infiniti QX30 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 UK G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Nissan North America, Inc Infiniti QX60 4CYL 6CYL 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 J G J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Nissan North America, Inc Infiniti QX70 & Q70 L 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan 370Z Coupe 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan GT-R 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 J J J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Rogue Sport AWD FWD 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 J J M 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Nissan North America, Inc Infiniti Q60 4CYL 6CYL 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 J G J 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Porsche AG Porsche 718 Cayman 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106.0 Porsche AG Porsche 911 Carrera 0% 0.0 1.0 1.0 G G G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
106 Porsche AG Porsche 911 GT3 0% 0 1 1 G G G 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Porsche AG Porsche 911 Targa 4 0% 0 1 1 G G G 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Porsche AG Porsche 911 Turbo 0% 0 1 1 G G G 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Porsche AG Porsche Boxster 0% 0 1 1 G G G 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Porsche AG Porsche Cayenne 0% 0 1 1 G H G 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Porsche AG Porsche Cayenne S 0% 0 1 1 G H G 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Porsche AG Porsche Cayenne Turbo 0% 0 1 1 G G G 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Porsche AG Porsche Macan 0% 0 1 1 G H G 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Porsche AG Porsche Macan S 0% 0 1 1 G H G 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Porsche AG Porsche Macan Turbo 0% 0 1 1 G H G 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Subaru Subaru Crosstrek 0% 0 1 1 J J J 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Subaru Subaru Forester 0% 0 1 1 J J J 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Subaru Subaru WRX 0% 0 1 1 J J J 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Subaru Subaru BRZ 0% 0 1 1 J J J 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Toyota Lexus GS F 0% 0 1 1 J J J 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Toyota Lexus GS350 0% 0 1 1 J J J 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Toyota Lexus GX460 0% 0 1 1 J J J 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Toyota Lexus IS300 / 350 0% 0 1 1 J J J 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Toyota Lexus LC 500 0% 0 1 1 J J J 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Toyota Lexus LC 500h 0% 0 1 1 J J J 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Toyota Lexus Lexus NX Hybrid 0% 0 1 1 J J J 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Toyota Lexus LS 500 0% 0 1 1 J J J 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Toyota Lexus LX570 0% 0 1 1 J J J 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Toyota Lexus RC F 0% 0 1 1 J J J 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Toyota Toyota Mirai 0% 0 1 1 J J J 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Toyota Toyota 4 Runner 0% 0 1 1 J J J 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Toyota Toyota C-HR 0% 0 1 1 J J J 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Toyota Toyota Corolla Hatchback (VIN=J) 0% 0 1 1 J J J 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Toyota Toyota Land Cruiser 200 0% 0 1 1 J J J 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Toyota Toyota Prius C 0% 0 1 1 J J J 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Toyota Toyota Prius XLE Hybrid 0% 0 1 1 J J J 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Toyota Toyota Toyota 86 0% 0 1 1 J J J 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Volkswagen Volkswagen eGolf SE 0% 0 1 1 G CH CH 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

2019 Results Summary

General Motors placed the automatic transmission equipped Chevy Corvette and the Chevy Volt in the top spot for 2019. Versions of Fiat Chrysler’s Wrangler Jeep took second and third spots. Ford’s Lincoln Continental fourth spot, the Cadillac ATS and CTS versions were tied with the automatic transmission equipped Camaro for fifth spot. The sixth spot includes several versions of the Jeep Cherokee as well as the Honda produced Acura MDX A-Spec. Seventh position includes Ford’s F-150 pickups as well as two GM produced trucks, the Chevy Colorado and its GMC version, the Canyon. Eighth position includes the Ford Taurus as well as the Tesla Model S. The ninth spot is held by the manual transmission Corvette and the GMC Acadia SUV. Tenth position is held by the Chevy Cruz Sedan (its hatchback cousin is at the 32nd spot). Compared to the 2018 rankings, a number of things stand out. A five percent reduction in US/Canadian content resulted in the Honda Odyssey, Ridgeline, and Pilot dropping out of the top 10 in 2019. A 10 percent drop in US/Canadian content saw the Ford Mustang drop from the seventh spot in 2018 to fourteenth for 2019. Other interesting results show that the average overall Top Dead Center (TDC )for cars that are assembled in the US irrespective of the manufacturer have an average TDC of 62. Those assembled in Canada and sold in the US average 27 for TDC while Mexican assembled cars average 16. 

Looking at US content by brand illustrates the degree that manufacturers rely on US production across their product lines (see table). When looking at average TDC by manufacturers for cars assembled in the US there is a high of GM and Ford at 70 percent and a low of BMW and Volvo at 34 and 30 percent respectively. Comparing this across all vehicles sold in the US by brand irrespective of location of assembly results in the following chart which shows the relationship between TDC for US assembled vehicles compared to all vehicles in a manufacturer’s product line sold in the US. Honda, GM and Ford, for example, average much higher overall TDC than VW and Volvo. Toyota with a huge manufacturing presence in the US has a much lower overall TDC average when their imported vehicles are averaged into the total. This is likely the result of imports of their high-end Lexus brand and other cars from Japan. In contrast, Honda’s high-end brand, the Acura, is more likely to be assembled in the US. 

Are there any surprises in the Kogod auto index?

You might be surprised to find that a BMW SUV assembled in South Carolina actually has less US content than a Chevy Cruz Hatchback or a Chevy Blazer assembled in Mexico; or that the Ford Mustang is assembled in the US but could have a US, Mexican or Chinese transmission depending on the options chosen.

One also finds that some brands, although they have a strong domestic presence with a few models, import a lot of the cars that they sell here. VW/Audi makes only two of its popular models here in the US (the Passat and Atlas) with the rest imported from Mexico or Germany.

Another aspect of the Kogod index is that although the AALA label on the car may imply a very high level of US content, in reality, because of AALA rules a specific car may actually have very little because of the options and features on the vehicle. There are a number of situations where the label on the car states that the car (actually “cars in this carline”) have over 60-70 percent US/Canadian content but when you look at the details the car was assembled outside of America, and the engine and transmission are both sourced outside the US yet the automaker can imply the car has more US/Canadian content than it really does. A consumer would have to look at the vehicle identification number (VIN) to tell where the car is actually assembled. 

Who might be concerned by the index? Can it be viewed as controversial?

Yes, non-US manufacturers might be because compared to the information provided by the AALA they are not going to rank as highly because many of the costs associated with building a vehicle in the US are incurred outside of this country. Things like research and development, profit repatriation back to the home country, labor costs associated with non-US sourced parts, and equipment are incurred outside of America. 

You may have a lot of local sourcing here in the US and that’s great, but just looking at location of assembly, parts sourcing, and where the engine and transmission came from really doesn’t provide an accurate picture in terms of where wealth and jobs are being created. 

Same with a GM or Ford that is manufactured in Europe, a lot of the costs associated with the production of that car are incurred in the US (although probably not as much as say a Japanese of Korean car since they have been in Europe for much longer).

Why is the Auto Index and important project?

As a global business expert at the Kogod School of Business and as someone passionate about cars, Professor Dubois wanted to start a conversation about what it means to buy an American product. He wanted to shed some light on what is behind a label. He has found it fascinating to investigate the sourcing strategies of global manufacturers and the interdependence of the global supply chain. You will never see a true 100 percent US or Japanese or European car (maybe Bentleys or Lambos?) because of the 1000s of parts in a car, some will get made outside of the country of origin (like people, cars are a blend of DNA from everywhere). You could switch this around and look at this from a European or Asian perspective and get completely different results. In addition, there is limited evidence that this greatly impacts purchase decisions.

What about Chrysler?

Chrysler is a complicated case. Up until 2014 the UAW owned about 40 percent of Chrysler shares. Then FIAT completed its full acquisition and plans to move headquarters (HQ) to the Netherlands and list the new company on the NYSE in the fall of 2014. The CEO at that time, Sergio Marchionne, argued that the HQ is on a plane over the Atlantic. However, if you look at Chrysler’s US foot print, its quite significant—its tech and research and development (R&D)center in Auburn Hills, MI has around 15,000 employees as of fall 2017. This is out of about 60K total Chrysler employees. In addition, the majority of FCA product line sold in the US is made in the US or Canada—the exception is the FIAT 500 made in Mexico.

So what’s a consumer to do?

If a consumer is interested in knowing more about the US content of a car, start with the VIN number, the first digit in most cases tells you where the car is assembled. A quick google search will provide the code for the different VIN numbers, some are easy, the US is either one, four or five. Mexico is three and Canada two. Japan is "J" and Korea "K". Others are not so easy, the UK, Spain, and China for example. Next is the AALA data which is required to be displayed on all new cars sold in the USA[1]. For used cars or cars not covered in the Kogod Index the raw AALA data is found on the National Highway and Transportation Administrations website (simply google NHTSA AALA) and is updated quarterly. Unfortunately we have found this data to be incomplete in many cases and so have supplemented this data with actual visits to auto dealerships to confirm what is in the AALA data. 

[1] Note that Tesla has never been very compliant with this requirement and it was only after visiting two dealerships in the DC area that I was able to acquire the AALA data for one of the three 2019 models.

Caveats

Unraveling the true DNA of a car sold in the US is complicated. This process at best provides an educated guess in terms of the total domestic content. The 70 percent rule for example, allows manufacturers to “round up” a part with 70 percent US/Canadian content to 100 percent. Mixing Canadian and US parts content could result in an inaccurate AALA calculation in the case of most of the parts being sourced in Canada. Other complicating issues are: a) the degree of accuracy in the AALA numbers reported by the manufacturers b) the degree of accuracy in the domestic content of parts, and c) the inability to distinguish between US owned and non-US owned parts and component suppliers. A transmission manufacturer for example might be US based but foreign owned. ZF is a German company located in South Carolina and provides transmissions for BMW, Daimler, Land Rover as well as Ford, FCA, and GM. There is no way to determine what percentage of the hundreds of parts in these transmissions are US sourced without a complete tear-down and source analysis. The same holds for electronics, braking systems, and other key components that are sourced from non-domestic global manufacturers. Further complicating the calculation is the use of the same US/Canadian values across a manufacturer’s carlines. A carline is defined as a car which shares the same characteristics across different option and trim levels. Four door Honda Civic’s for example all have the same value of 55 percent for US/Canadian content, yet depending on the trim level and options, it could be assembled in the US, Canada or Japan.

Conclusion

Cars in general are becoming less American over the past few decades. If you look at the AALA data sheet from 2007 you can see cars with 95 to 90 percent US/Canadian content compared to the present high of 75 percent for the Dodge Grand Caravan—which is actually assembled in Canada. There is less US/Canadian content because of the globalization of supply chains. Also, the 2007 data is difficult to compare to the more recent data because it doesn't include sources of the engines or transmissions. In the 2019 AALA you can see that the source of parts and components may be Mexico, Japan, Germany or Korea—depending on the brand. If we could go back to the 70s before the AALA legislation was enacted, you would likely see a 100 percent American-made car (still depending on Canada, though). At that time, the US market was dominated by the big three and probably VW, Toyota, Honda, and Nissan had very small shares of the US market and were all imported. Jaguar, MG, Land Rover, and Triumph from the UK were all imported, there were some French imports too: Renault and Peugeot—for example.

This table displays US content by Brand
Brand Average TDC for USA Assembled vehicles Average TDC for all Vehicles

Average TDC for the top 50 ranked cars is 65.4 and with the next 50 ranked at 25.2.

BMW

34

11.5

FCA

64

46.4

Ford

70

57.0

GM

70.0

58.5

Honda

66.5

50.8

Hyundai

60

16.7

Kia

60

23.5

Daimler-Benz

50.6

19.0

Nissan

51.5

22.7

Subaru

43.1

22.0

Toyota

67.3

24.0

VW

41

9

Volvo

30

4.5