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What is the Auto  Index?

What percentage of your vehicle's value contributes to the overall well-being of the U.S. economy? How does your car impact the U.S. automobile industry's economic vitality? And, most importantly, why does this information matter to you?

Kogod's 2016 Made in America Auto Index seeks to answer these questions by evaluating the domestic content of vehicles sold in the US. The index takes into account other aspects of vehicle manufacturing that are not accounted for in other measures. Seven criteria are considered, including profit margin, labor, and research and development location, among others.

WHY is the Index important?

 

In 2015, of the 17.5 million vehicles sold in the U.S., approximately 65 percent were produced in the United States. That same year, the auto industry directly employed approximately 1.55 million workers and supported an additional 5.7 million jobs in repair shops, part supply stores, and car dealerships.

As such an important part of the U.S. economy, understanding the factors that influence the automobile industry is not just helpful-it is essential. A vehicle's domestic manufacturing composition plays a key role in determining its overall impact on the American economy. This knowledge empowers consumers and automakers alike to make better economic decisions about where a car is made, and which offer the greatest commercial benefits to the country.

One of the first things a consumer looks at while car shopping is the price and options label. Since the enactment of the American Automotive Labeling Act (AALA) in 1994, automakers are required to provide information on the label detailing the amount of U.S. and Canadian parts content, the country of assembly, and the engine and transmission's country of origin.

AALA data, while useful, is not the most accurate means of assessing a vehicle's contribution to the U.S. economy. It presents a number of limitations; U.S. and Canadian content are combined into one number, and automakers are allowed to round-up a part that is potentially only 70% U.S./Canadian to 100% U.S./Canadian.

Kogod's method improves on the AALA data by incorporating a more comprehensive research methodology, providing consumers with a more accurate view of their vehicle's composition.

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For interview requests and questions about Frank DuBois's research, please contact:


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2016 Auto Index Results
RANK OEM MAKE MODEL USHQ AALA TDC
1 General Motors LLC Buick Enclave 1 80% 90
1 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Traverse 1 80% 90
1 General Motors LLC GMC Acadia 1 80% 90
2 Ford Motor Company Ford F150 1 70% 85
3 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Corvette 1 66% 83
4 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Equinox 1 65% 82.5
4 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Impala 1 65% 82.5
4 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Malibu E2 Gen 1 65% 82.5
4 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Malibu LTD 1 65% 82.5
4 General Motors LLC GMC Yukon, Yukon EXT 1 65% 82.5
4 General Motors LLC Cadillac Escalade 1 65% 82.5
4 General Motors LLC Buick LaCrosse 1 65% 82.5
4 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Tahoe, Suburban 1 65% 82.5
5 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Accord 0 80% 81
6 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Jeep Wrangler Unlimited 0 73% 80.5
6 Ford Motor Company Ford Taurus 1 61% 80.5
6 General Motors LLC Buick Verano 1 61% 80.5
6 General Motors LLC GMC Canyon 1 61% 80.5
6 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Cruze LTD 1 61% 80.5
6 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Colorado 1 61% 80.5
7 Ford Motor Company Ford Explorer 1 60% 80
7 Ford Motor Company Ford Mustang 1 60% 80
7 General Motors LLC Cadillac ATS 1 60% 80
7 General Motors LLC Cadillac CT6 1 60% 80
7 General Motors LLC Cadillac CTS 1 60% 80
7 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Camaro 1 60% 80
8 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Jeep Cherokee 0 69% 78.5
8 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Pilot 0 75% 78.5
8 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Odyssey 0 75% 78.5
8 Toyota Toyota Sienna 0 75% 78.5
8 Toyota Toyota Camry 0 75% 78.5
9 Ford Motor Company Ford Expedition 1 55% 77.5
10 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Chrysler 200 0 64% 76
10 Ford Motor Company Lincoln MKS 1 52% 76
10 Ford Motor Company Lincoln Navigator 1 52% 76
10 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura RDX AWD 0 70% 76
10 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda CR-V (US) 0 70% 76
10 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Civic (US) 0 70% 76
10 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura RDX 2WD 0 70% 76
10 Toyota Toyota Highlander 0 70% 76
10 Toyota Toyota Avalon 0 70% 76
11 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Dodge Challenger SXT 0 63% 75.5
12 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Jeep Grand Cherokee SRT 0 62% 75
12 Tesla (2015) Tesla Model S (2015) 1 50% 75
13 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Dodge Ram 2500 (2015) 0 61% 74.5
14 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Dodge Viper 0 73% 73.5
14 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura MDX 0 65% 73.5
14 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura TLX 0 65% 73.5
14 Toyota Toyota Tundra 0 65% 73.5
14 Toyota Toyota Sequoia 0 65% 73.5
15 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Jeep Wrangler Rubicon 0 72% 73
15 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Jeep Wrangler 0 72% 73
16 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Silverado 1 45% 72.5
16 General Motors LLC GMC Sierra 1 45% 72.5
17 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Jeep Compass 0 69% 71.5
18 Toyota Toyota Tacoma 0 60% 71
19 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Jeep Patriot 0 67% 70.5
20 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Dodge Charger SRT Hellcat 0 64% 69
21 Ford Motor Company Ford Edge 1 70% 68
22 Kia Motors Kia Sorento (2.0L, 2.4L) 0 53% 67.5
23 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Dodge Dart SXT 0 59% 66.5
23 Ford Motor Company Lincoln MKX 1 67% 66.5
23 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Santa Fe Sport 0 51% 66.5
23 Toyota Toyota Corolla 0 65% 66.5
24 Ford Motor Company Ford Escape 1 60% 66
24 Ford Motor Company Ford Focus 1 46% 66
24 Ford Motor Company Lincoln MKC 1 60% 66
24 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Cruze (D2LC) 1 60% 66
25 General Motors LLC Buick Regal 1 65% 65.5
25 General Motors LLC GMC Terrain 1 65% 65.5
26 Ford Motor Company Ford Flex 1 62% 64
26 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura ILX 0 60% 64
27 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Dodge Grand Caravan 0 73% 63.5
28 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Dodge Durango R/T AWD 0 66% 63
28 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Chrysler Town & Country 0 72% 63
28 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Spark EV 1 60% 63
29 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Dodge Charger SE AWD 0 64% 62
30 Mercedes Benz Mercedes Benz C-Class 0 55% 61.5
30 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Murano - 4CY 0 55% 61.5
30 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Murano HEV - 4CY 0 55% 61.5
30 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Pathfinder - 4CYL 0 55% 61.5
30 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Pathfinder HEV - 4CYL 0 55% 61.5
30 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Altima 4CYL 0 55% 61.5
31 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Jeep Grand Cherokee 0 62% 61
31 Ford Motor Company Lincoln MKT 1 56% 61
31 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Volt 1 50% 61
32 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Chrysler 300 0 65% 59.5
32 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Dodge Ram 1500 0 59% 59.5
32 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Dodge Ram Rebel 0 59% 59.5
33 Ford Motor Company Ford CMAX 1 46% 59
33 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda CR-V (MX) 0 70% 59
33 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda CR-V (CN) 0 70% 59
33 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Civic (CN) 0 70% 59
33 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Frontier 6CYL 0 50% 59
33 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Maxima 0 50% 59
33 Nissan North America, Inc Infiniti QX 60 (4cyl 0 50% 59
33 Nissan North America, Inc Infiniti QX 60 HEV (4cyl 0 50% 59
34 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Sonic 1 55% 56.5
35 Toyota Lexus ES350 0 30% 56
36 General Motors LLC Cadillac ELR 1 50% 54
37 General Motors LLC Cadillac XTS 1 65% 51.5
38 Kia Motors Kia Sorento (3.3L) 0 46% 50
38 Mercedes Benz Mercedes Benz GL-Class 0 60% 50
38 Mercedes Benz Mercedes Benz GLE-Class 0 60% 50
39 Ford Motor Company Ford Fusion 1 26% 49
40 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Rogue (US Assembly) 0 25% 46.5
40 Toyota Toyota Rav4 0 45% 46.5
41 Ford Motor Company Lincoln MKZ 1 26% 46
42 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Frontier 4CYL 0 50% 45
43 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Dodge Ram Promaster City 0 34% 44
43 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Dodge Journey 0 62% 44
44 Subaru Subaru Outback 0 45% 42.5
44 Subaru Subaru Legacy 0 45% 42.5
45 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Fiat 500 X 0 29% 41.5
46 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Leaf 0 40% 40
46 Toyota Toyota Avalon Hybrid 0 40% 40
46 Toyota Toyota Camry Hybrid 0 40% 40
46 Toyota Toyota Highlander Hybrid 0 40% 40
46 Toyota Lexus RX350 0 50% 40
47 Volkswagen Volkswagen Passat (1.8 liter gas) 0 38% 39
48 Volkswagen Volkswagen Passat (TDI) 0 37% 38.5
49 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Jeep Renegade 0 22% 38
50 Volkswagen Volkswagen Passat (3.6 liter gas) 0 31% 35.5
51 BMW AG BMW X6 X-Drive 35i 0 25% 32.5
51 BMW AG BMW X5 X Drive 35i 0 25% 32.5
51 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Rogue HEV 0 25% 32.5
52 Mercedes Benz Mercedes Benz GLC-Class 0 60% 31
53 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Fiat Spider 0 19% 29.5
53 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Fiat 500 0 19% 29.5
53 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Fiat 500 c 0 19% 29.5
53 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Fiat 500 e 0 19% 29.5
53 General Motors LLC Cadillac SRX 1 21% 29.5
54 BMW AG BMW X5 eDrive 0 15% 27.5
54 BMW AG BMW X5 M 0 15% 27.5
55 BMW AG BMW X4 X Drive 28i 0 14% 27
55 BMW AG BMW X4 M40i 0 14% 27
56 BMW AG BMW X3 X Drive 28i 0 12% 26
57 BMW AG BMW X6 M (2015) 0 10% 25
57 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Fiat Abarth 0 10% 25
58 BMW AG BMW X5 X Drive 40e 0 5% 22.5
59 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Trax (Mexico) 1 17% 20.5
59 Mercedes Benz Mercedes Benz Metris Cargo Van 0 1% 20.5
60 Toyota Lexus RX450h 0 35% 18.5
61 Ford Motor Company Ford Transit Connect 1 11% 17.5
62 Ford Motor Company Ford Fiesta 1 7% 15.5
63 Ford Motor Company Ford Focus RS 1 5% 14.5
64 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Trax (Korea) 1 4% 14
65 General Motors LLC Buick Encore 1 3% 13.5
65 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Caprice 1 3% 13.5
65 General Motors LLC Chevrolet SS 1 3% 13.5
65 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda Fit 0 25% 13.5
65 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Rogue (Korea) 0 25% 13.5
66 General Motors LLC Chevrolet Spark 1 2% 13
66 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Land Rover Range Rover Evoque 0 10% 13
66 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Land Rover Range Rover Evoque 0 10% 13
66 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Fiat 500 L 0 0% 6
66 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura RLX 0 10% 6
66 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda HR-V 0 10% 6
66 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Acura RLX Sport Hybrid 0 10% 6
66 Mazda Motor Corporation Mazda Mazda3 (Mex) 0 10% 6
67 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Land Rover Discovery Sport 0 8% 12
67 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Land Rover Discovery Sport 0 8% 12
67 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Jaguar XJR 0 9% 5.5
67 Volkswagen Volkswagen Beetle Convertible 0 9% 5.5
68 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Versa Note 0 20% 11
68 Volkswagen Volkswagen Beetle (Average) 0 8% 5
69 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Sentra 0 15% 8.5
69 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Versa Sedan 0 15% 8.5
69 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Jaguar XJ R-Sport - RWD 0 7% 4.5
69 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Jaguar XJ Portfolio - RWD 0 7% 4.5
69 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Jaguar XJ Portfolio Supercharged - SWB 0 7% 4.5
69 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Jaguar XJ Portfolio Supercharged - LWB 0 7% 4.5
69 Volkswagen Volkswagen Jetta GLI 0 7% 4.5
70 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Jaguar XJ R-Sport - AWD 0 6% 4
70 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Jaguar XJ Portfolio - AWD 0 6% 4
70 Kia Motors Kia Sedona 0 6% 4
70 Volkswagen Volkswagen Jetta 0 6% 4
70 Volkswagen Volkswagen Jetta Hybrid 0 6% 4
71 BMW AG BMW 228i X Drive Conv/Coupe 0 5% 3.5
71 BMW AG BMW 435 X Drive Conv 0 5% 3.5
71 BMW AG BMW Z4 0 5% 3.5
71 BMW AG BMW M235i 0 5% 3.5
71 BMW AG BMW 320i 0 5% 3.5
71 BMW AG BMW 750i 0 5% 3.5
71 BMW AG BMW 535i 0 5% 3.5
71 BMW AG BMW 428i Gran Coupe 0 5% 3.5
71 BMW AG BMW 6 Series Coupe/Convertible 0 5% 3.5
71 BMW AG BMW 6 Series Gran Coupe 0 5% 3.5
71 BMW AG BMW 3 Series Gran Turismo 0 5% 3.5
71 BMW AG BMW 5 Series 0 5% 3.5
71 BMW AG BMW X1 X Drive 38i SULEV 0 5% 3.5
71 BMW AG BMW 2 Series 0 5% 3.5
71 BMW AG BMW 3 Series 0 5% 3.5
71 BMW AG BMW 4 Series 0 5% 3.5
71 BMW AG BMW i3 (2015) 0 5% 3.5
71 BMW AG BMW i8 (2015) 0 5% 3.5
71 BMW AG Mini Cooper (all models) 0 5% 3.5
71 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Azera 0 5% 3.5
71 Mazda Motor Corporation Mazda Mazda2 (Mex) 0 5% 3.5
71 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan 370Z Roadster 0 5% 3.5
71 Porsche AG Porsche 911 Carrera (all models) 0 5% 3.5
71 Porsche AG Porsche 911 (all Models) 0 5% 3.5
71 Porsche AG Porsche Boxster (all models) 0 5% 3.5
71 Porsche AG Porsche Cayenne (all models) 0 5% 3.5
71 Porsche AG Porsche Cayman (all models) 0 5% 3.5
71 Porsche AG Porsche Macan (all models) 0 5% 3.5
71 Porsche AG Porsche Panamera (all models) 0 5% 3.5
71 Toyota Toyota Land Cruiser200 0 5% 3.5
71 Toyota Lexus CT200h 0 5% 3.5
71 Toyota Lexus CX460 0 5% 3.5
71 Toyota Lexus ES Hybrid 0 5% 3.5
71 Toyota Lexus GS 350 0 5% 3.5
71 Toyota Lexus IS200T 0 5% 3.5
71 Toyota Lexus IS350 0 5% 3.5
71 Toyota Toyota Prius 0 5% 3.5
71 Volkswagen Volkswagen Golf (1.8 liter) 0 5% 3.5
71 Volkswagen Volkswagen Jetta 0 5% 3.5
72 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Jaguar XF 0 4% 3
72 Volkswagen Volkswagen Golf (2.0 Liter and TDI) 0 4% 3
72 Volkswagen Volkswagen Golf GTI 0 4% 3
72 Volkswagen Volkswagen Golf SportWagen 0 4% 3
72 Volkswagen Volkswagen Jetta 0 4% 3
72 Volkswagen Volkswagen Jetta 0 4% 3
73 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Genesis Coupe 0 3% 2.5
73 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Elantra (Korean made) 0 3% 2.5
73 Volkswagen Volkswagen Golf SportWagen 0 3% 2.5
74 Audi Audi A3 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi A3 Cabriolet 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi A3 Sportback e-Tron 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi A4 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi S4 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi allroad 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi A5 Cabriolet 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi S5 Cabriolet 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi A5 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi S5 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi A6 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi S6 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi A7 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi S7 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi RS7 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi RS7 Performance 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi A8, A8L 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi S8 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi S8 Plus 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi A8L W12 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi Q3 (FWD and Quattro) 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi Q5 Hybrid 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi Q5 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi SQ5 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi TT Coupe and Roadster 0 1% 1.5
74 Audi Audi TTS Coupe and Roadster 0 1% 1.5
74 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Sonata PHEV 0 1% 1.5
74 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Land Rover Range Rover Sport 0 1% 1.5
74 Kia Motors Kia Soul 0 1% 1.5
74 Kia Motors Kia Cadenza 0 1% 1.5
74 Kia Motors Kia Forte 0 1% 1.5
74 Kia Motors Kia Rio 0 1% 1.5
74 Mitsubishi Motors Corporation Mitsubishi Lancer 0 1% 1.5
74 Volkswagen Volkswagen Tiguan 0 1% 1.5
74 Volkswagen Volkswagen CC 0 1% 1.5
74 Volkswagen Volkswagen Eos 0 1% 1.5
74 Volkswagen Volkswagen eGolf 0 1% 1.5
74 Volkswagen Volkswagen Golf R 0 1% 1.5
74 Volkswagen Volkswagen Touareg 0 1% 1.5
74 Volvo Volvo S60I AWD 0 1% 1.5
74 Volvo Volvo S80 0 1% 1.5
74 Volvo Volvo S60 0 1% 1.5
74 Volvo Volvo S60 AWD 0 1% 1.5
74 Volvo Volvo S60 AWD R 0 1% 1.5
74 Volvo Volvo S60CC 0 1% 1.5
74 Volvo Volvo S60I 0 1% 1.5
74 Volvo Volvo V60 AWD R 0 1% 1.5
74 Volvo Volvo V60 FWD 0 1% 1.5
74 Volvo Volvo V60CC 0 1% 1.5
74 Volvo Volvo XC60 AWD 0 1% 1.5
74 Volvo Volvo XC60 AWD R 0 1% 1.5
74 Volvo Volvo XC60 FWD 0 1% 1.5
74 Volvo Volvo XC70 AWD 0 1% 1.5
74 Volvo Volvo XC70 FWD 0 1% 1.5
74 Volvo Volvo XC90 AWD 0 1% 1.5
74 Volvo Volvo XC90 AWD PHEV 0 1% 1.5
75 Audi Audi A6 0 0% 1
75 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Honda CR-Z 0 0% 1
75 Kia Motors Kia Soul EV 0 0% 1
75 Mazda Motor Corporation Mazda CX-3 0 0% 1
75 Mazda Motor Corporation Mazda CX-5 0 0% 1
75 Mazda Motor Corporation Mazda Mazda3 (Japan) 0 0% 1
75 Mazda Motor Corporation Mazda Mazda6 0 0% 1
75 Mazda Motor Corporation Mazda MX-5 0 0% 1
75 Mercedes Benz Mercedes Benz C-Class Coupe 0 0% 1
75 Mercedes Benz Mercedes Benz GLA-Class 0 0% 1
75 Mercedes Benz Mercedes Benz GT-Class 0 0% 1
75 Mercedes Benz Mercedes Benz Metris Passenger Van 0 0% 1
75 Mercedes Benz Mercedes Benz B-Class E-CELL 0 0% 1
75 Mercedes Benz Mercedes Benz CLA-Class 0 0% 1
75 Mercedes Benz Mercedes Benz CLS-Class 0 0% 1
75 Mercedes Benz Mercedes Benz E-Class 0 0% 1
75 Mercedes Benz Mercedes Benz E-Class Cabriolet/Coupe 0 0% 1
75 Mercedes Benz Mercedes Benz G-Class 0 0% 1
75 Mercedes Benz Mercedes Benz S-Class 0 0% 1
75 Mercedes Benz Mercedes Benz S-Class Coupe 0 0% 1
75 Mercedes Benz Mercedes Benz SL-Class 0 0% 1
75 Mercedes Benz Mercedes Benz SLK-Class 0 0% 1
75 Mercedes Benz Smart Smart fortwo 0 0% 1
75 Mitsubishi Motors Corporation Mitsubishi Outlander 2.4L 0 0% 1
75 Mitsubishi Motors Corporation Mitsubishi Outlander 3.0L 0 0% 1
75 Mitsubishi Motors Corporation Mitsubishi i-MiEV 0 0% 1
75 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan GT-R 0 0% 1
75 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Quest 0 0% 1
75 Nissan North America, Inc Infiniti Q50 4CYL 0 0% 1
75 Nissan North America, Inc Infiniti Q50 6CYL 0 0% 1
75 Nissan North America, Inc Infiniti Q70 Conv 0 0% 1
75 Nissan North America, Inc Infiniti QX50 0 0% 1
75 Nissan North America, Inc Infiniti QX 70 0 0% 1
75 Nissan North America, Inc Infiniti QX80 0 0% 1
75 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan 370Z Coupe 0 0% 1
75 Nissan North America, Inc Nissan Juke 0 0% 1
75 Subaru Subaru WRX 0 0% 1
75 Subaru Subaru BRZ 0 0% 1
75 Subaru Subaru Forester 0 0% 1
75 Subaru Subaru Impreza 0 0% 1
75 Subaru Subaru XV Crosstrek 0 0% 1
75 Toyota Toyota Rav4 Hybrid 0 0% 1
75 Toyota Toyota Yaris 0 0% 1
75 Toyota Lexus RC 0 0% 1
75 Toyota Lexus GS F 0 0% 1
75 Toyota Lexus LS 460 0 0% 1
75 Toyota Lexus LS 600h 0 0% 1
75 Toyota Lexus NX 0 0% 1
75 Toyota Lexus NX Hybrid 0 0% 1
75 Toyota Lexus RC F 0 0% 1
75 Toyota Scion FR-S 0 0% 1
75 Toyota Scion iM 0 0% 1
75 Toyota Scion Mirai 0 0% 1
75 Toyota Scion tC 0 0% 1
75 Toyota Toyota 4Runner 0 0% 1
75 Toyota Toyota Prius C 0 0% 1

How does the Index work?

The index uses seven points derived from publicly available data.

The components of the index are based on research into the economic value of different components of auto manufacturing that was done by the Center for Automotive Research in Ann Arbor Michigan. For example, the highest ranked cars are made by U.S. based manufacturers using American engines and transmissions, and a with a high AALA percentage of U.S. and Canadian parts.

The seven criteria are as follows:

  1. Profit Margin. This was measured based on the location of an automaker's headquarters. If an automaker's global headquarters is located in the US, the model receives a 6. If it is not, it receives a 0. The assumption here is that (on average), 6% of a vehicle's value is profit margin, so if it is a U.S. automaker, the profits remain in the country.
  2. Labor. This category considers where the car is assembled. If a model is assembled in the US, it receives a 6. If not, the model receives a 0. We assume that approximately 6% of the vehicle's value is labor content.
  3. Research and Development (R&D). This category looks at the location of a car's R&D activities. If the model is a product of a US company, it receives a 6. If it is the product of a foreign company but is assembled in the U.S. it receives a 3; if it is a foreign import it receives a 1.
  4. Inventory, Capital and other expenses. If assembly occurs in the US, the model receives an 11; if not, it receives a 0.
  5. Engine. If the engine is produced in the US, the model receives a 14; if not it receives a 0.
  6. Transmission. If the transmission is produced in the US, the model receives a 7; if not it receives a 0.
  7. Body, Chassis, and Electrical Components. 50 % of a vehicle's score is assigned to this category. The AALA percentage is divided into two to derive this score.

In 2014, Fiat acquired the outstanding shares of Chrysler. The new entity, Fiat Chrysler Automotive (FCA), is headquartered in the Netherlands with a tax domicile in London, and shares listed on the New York Stock Exchange. As such, because of the hybrid nature of its organizational structure and its large production and R&D presence in the U.S., we assigned a value of 3 for profit margin and R&D, rather than a 6 or 0.

Conclusion

The index shows that vehicles produced by automakers headquartered in the US rated higher overall in the index. This is for two reasons: (1) profit derived from their sale was more likely to return or remain in the United States; and (2) a majority of a U.S. company’s R&D activities are located in the US.

The index also finds that foreign companies were more likely to use fewer US-produced parts, even if they utilize American manufacturing locations. US economic impact is lower, as the vehicle’s home country receives much of its profits. While the data contained in the AALA is important, a true index of “localness” must recognize other things such as company’s country of origin, as well as the location of its research and development activities.