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Who Makes Up Washington D.C.?
According to the U.S. Census, the number of people living in Washington D.C. is about 617, 996 compared to 311, 591, 917 for the whole United States. The majority of the District is Black 50.7%, followed by 42.4% White, and 35.3% Hispanic with a smaller percentage identifying as Asian 3/7%. Considering that 13.3% of Washingtonians were born in a foreign country and 14.5% speak a language other than English in their home, it is likely that the people you tutor will speak another language besides English.
Let’s breakdown some of the issues…
In 2014, 18.2% of the population of DC lived below the poverty level as compared tothe national poverty rate of 15% (DCFPI, 2014). Additionally, one in tenresidents of DC lives in extreme poverty or below 50% of the poverty limit(DCFPI, 2014). In DC, 32% of Female-headed households live in poverty (DCFPI,2014). Additionally, poverty levels vary dramatically by demographics with “onein four black DC residents and one in five Hispanic DC residents live inpoverty compared with fewer than one in 10 white non-Hispanic residents.” –DCFPI, 2014
In 2014, homelessness in DC increased by 12.9% overall up to7,748 individuals from 2013. DC continues to have the highest rates ofhomelessness in the country with 119.9 homeless individuals per 10,000residents compared to the national average of 18.8 (“The State of Homelessnessin America”, 2015). In 2014, the rate of homeless family households increasedby 19.8%. DC continues to also have the highest rates of homeless veterans inthe country with 145.5 per 10,000 veterans compared to the national average of25.5. In the larger metropolitan area, 2015 demonstrated an overall decrease inthe homeless population to 11,623 individual (2.7% decrease) and chronichomelessness continues to decline slowly.
National unemployment rate is at 5.5 %; In Washington, DC unemployment is at 7.8%. The unemployment percentage is 25.2 % in Ward 8, 17.1 % in Ward 7, and 3% inWard 3.
In the District of Columbia, 58% of public high school students graduatefrom public high school. DC public schools have the lowest graduation rate inthe country behind Oregon and New Mexico (Time,2015).
There were 16,594 people -- about 2.5 percent of District residents older than12 --who were living with HIV or AIDS in 2013. The HIV/AIDS rate isdisproportionately higher for individuals of color – with 5.7% of AfricanAmerican men living with HIV/AIDS in DC and black heterosexual women represent16% of all cases (Washington Post, 2014).