Student Name: Joeva Rock
Graduate Level: PhD
Field of Study/Major: Anthropology
Committee Chair: Dr. William Leap
Date of Presentation: 12/01/2017
Presentation Location: Hamilton 303 (the Anthropology Conference Room)
Time of Presentation: 2:30 pm
Title of Dissertation: We Are Not Starving: GMOs and Ghanaian Food Sovereignty Advocacy in the Age of the African Green Revolution Abstract: Across Africa, projects organized under the African Green Revolution seek to introduce genetically modified (GM) seeds into African markets to increase crop yields. This dissertation examines controversy surrounding the commercialization of GM crops in Ghana with a focus on international and Ghanaian officials working on GM projects, a social movement opposing those projects, and farmers caught in the middle. In particular, the dissertation shows; 1) how U.S. development policy is tied to the upswing of interest in biotechnology in Africa; 2) how scientists and activists are bonded by a mutual dissatisfaction with donor influence in state-making, and; 3) how, after years of un-development, farmers are skeptical of donor projects and technologies that require intensive capital, raising questions over future adoption of GM seeds.
By showing the local articulations of a global technology, this dissertation demonstrates how state sovereignty, citizenship, food and agriculture are intimately tied, and troubles popular narratives of Africans as passive recipients of aid and victims of modernity.
Student Name: Edward Winborne Malone
Graduate Level: PhD
Field of Study/Major: Public Administration
Committee Chair: Jocelyn Johnston
Date of Presentation: 12/05/17
Presentation Location: Ward 311
Time of Presentation: 12:30 pm
Title of Dissertation: Working for the World? National Representation in the United Nations Bureaucracy
Abstract:International organizations (IOs) such as the World Bank and the World Health Organization play an important role in confronting transnational challenges such as climate change, economic crises, and disease outbreaks. Among the variety of accountability mechanisms employed by IOs is representation, in particular national representation. Nevertheless, although a fair amount has been written about the explicitly representational bodies within IOs, such as the United Nations (UN) General Assembly, less attention has been paid to national representation within another critical component of these organizations: their bureaucracies.
Thus, in order to help fill this gap in the literature on IOs, the present study applies the theoretical framework of representative bureaucracy to the case of national representation in the UN bureaucracy. The study employs a mixed methods approach to both identify the determinants of passive national representation and explore the potential for active national representation in the UN bureaucracy. The findings help to paint a more complete picture of national representation in the UN than has previously been available, deepening our understanding of the UN's accountability and legitimacy.