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Democratization & Development

The structures and systems representative of democracy are often characterized by greater accountability, reduced corruption, and greater legitimacy across leaders and their constituencies. The conditions that empower, motivate, and sustain democracy are generally the product of social, political, and economic systems and how such systems interact. This interaction tends to drive the very foundation in which development solutions and challenges emerge. Whether it is a respect for the rule of law and human rights or corporate social responsibility and transparency, democratization hinges on understanding unique systems within international affairs. Examples of our scholars’ research include an exploration of trafficking and its broader implications to local and global economies, the assessment of political drivers that underlie civil unrest and conflict, and a comparison of developing economies and judicial reforms.

For additional information related to scholarly research pursuits in democratization and development, click here.


AKBAR AHMED
akbar@american.edu
202-885-1641

Expertise

  • Islam
  • Islam in America
  • Mosques
  • Pakistan
  • Afghanistan
  • South Asia
  • Anthropology
  • Comparative & regional studies

Selected Publications

  • Knowledge: Why Civilizations Ride and Fall, co-author Amineh Hoti (under preparation)
  • The Thistle and the Drone: How America’s War on Terror Became A Global War On Tribal Islam, Brookings Press: Washington DC.
  • The Sage Handbook of Islamic Studies, co-edited with Tamara Sonn, Sage Publications Ltd: London.

Expertise 

  • Globalization
  • Multilateral organizations
  • Corporate social responsibility
  • Child labor
  • Sustainability
  • Latin America
  • Phillipines

Selected Publications 

  • "Reframing Development in the Age of Vulnerability: From Case Studies of the Philippines and Trinidad to New Measures of Rootedness" with John Cavanagh, Third World Quarterly 32, no.6 (June 2011).
  • Development Redefined: How the Market Met Its Match, with John Cavanagh (Boulder, Colorado: Paradigm Publishers, 2009.
  • Alternatives to Economic Globalization: A Better World Is Possible, authored by a 19-person drafting committee led by John Cavanagh &Jerry Mander. Berrett-Koehler, first edition, 2002; updated & expanded 2nd edition by 21-person drafting committee, 2004.  

CHRISTINE CHIN
cchin@american.edu
202-885-1866

Expertise 

  • Global tourism
  • International migration
  • Gender & development
  • Intercultural communication
  • Southeast Asia
  • Human trafficking

Selected Publications 

  • Cosmopolitan Sex Workers: Women and Migration in a Global City (Oxford Studies in Gender and International Relations). Oxford University Press, 2013.
  • Cruising in the Global Economy: Profits, Pleasure and Work at Sea. Ashgate Press, 2008.
  • "Diversification and Privatization": Securing Insecurities in the Receiving Country of Malaysia in Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology 9, 4 (2008): 285-303.

Expertise 

  • Education
  • Insurgency
  • Voting
  • Russia

Selected Publications 

  • Economic Liberalism and Its Rivals: The Formation of International Institutions Among the Post-Soviet States, Cambridge University Press, 2009. Winner of the 2010 Ed A. Hewett Book Prize
  • “The Promethean Dilemma: Third-Party Nation-building in occupied territories.” With Harris Mylonas, Ethnopolitics, March 2012.
  • “The Integrity of Corrupt States: Graft as an Informal Political Institution,” Politics and Society 36:1, (March 2008)

Expertise 

  • Transparency & accountability
  • Democratization
  • Governance & participation
  • Social & environmental policy
  • Transnational civil society
  • Immigration & youth civic/political engagement
  • Latin America

Selected Publications

  • Co-editor, Oaxacalifornian Reporting Team, Voices of Indigenous Oaxacan Youth in the Central Valley: Creating Our Sense of Belonging in California, UC Center for Collaborative Research for an Equitable California, 2013.
  • "State Power and Clientelism: Eight Propositions for Discussion,” in Tina Hilgers, ed., Clientelism in Everyday Latin American Politics, Palgrave, 2012.
  • Co-author, “Proporcionar transparencia ¿Hasta qué punto responde el gobierno mexicano a las solicitudes de información pública?” Gestión y política pública, 20(1), 2011. 

CAROLYN GALLAHER
caroleg@american.edu
202-885-1827

Expertise

  • Guerrilla & paramilitary violence
  • Domestic right-wing extremism
  • Mexico

Selected Publications

  • After the Peace: Loyalist Paramilitaries in Post-accord Northern Ireland, Cornell University Press, 2007.
  • "The Role of Protestant Missionaries in Mexico's Indigenous Awakening." Bulletin of Latin American Research, 2007.
  • "The Geography of Loyalist Paramilitary Feuding in Belfast." Space and Polity, 2006, with Peter Shirlow.

AGUSTINA GIRAUDY
giraudy@american.edu
202-885-5950

Expertise

  • Subnational institutions
  • Federalism
  • Argentina
  • Mexico

Selected Publications

  • "Varieties of Subnational Undemocratic Regimes: Evidence from Argentina and Mexico." Studies in Comparative International Development, Vol. 48, Issue 1 (2013), 51-80.
  • "Conceptualizing State Strength. Moving Beyond Strong and Weak States". Revista de Ciencia Política. Vol. 32, No. 3, (2012), 599–611.
  • "La política territorial de la democracia subnacional." Journal of Democracy en Español, Vol 3 (Julio) (2011), 42-57.

TAMAR GUTNER
tgutner@american.edu
202-885-1620

Expertise

  • International financial institutions
  • World Bank
  • European Investment Bank
  • International organizations
  • International environmental politics
  • International relations

Selected Publications

  • "The Politics of IO Performance," special issue of Review of International Organizations 5:3. Co-edited with Alexander Thompson.
  • "When Doing Good Does Not: The IMF and the Millennium Development Goals," in Who Governs the Globe? edited by Deborah D. Avant, Martha Finnemore, and Susan K. Sell (Cambridge 2010).
  • "Explaining the Gaps between Mandate and Performance: Agency Theory and World Bank Environmental Reform," Global Environmental Politics, 2005.

AUSTIN HART
ahart@american.edu
202-885-3150

Expertise

  • Political campaigns
  • Voting behavior
  • Campaign communications strategies

Selected Publications

  • Hart, Austin. Forthcoming. "Priming under Fire: Reevaluating the Classic Media Priming Hypothesis." Journal of Politics.
  • Hart, Austin. 2013. "Can Candidates Activate or Deactivate the Economic Vote? Evidence from Two Mexican Elections." Journal of Politics 75(4).  
  • Hart, Austin. 2010. "Death of the Partisan? Globalization and Taxation in South America, 1990-2006." Comparative Political Studies 43(3): 304-328.

PATRICK THADDEUS JACKSON
ptjack@american.edu
202-885-2454

Expertise

  • Culture and agency
  • International Relations theory
  • Philosophy of science
  • Sociological methodology
  • Western Civilization
  • Rhetoric in public life

Selected Publications

  • "How to Think About Civilizations," in Civilizations in World Politics: Plural and Pluralist Perspectives, Routledge 2010.
  • "Paradigmatic Faults in International Relations Theory," in International Studies Quarterly, with Daniel H. Nexon, December 2009.
  • "How to Think about Civilizations," in Civilizations and States in World Politics, ed. Peter Katzenstein, 2009.

JULIE MERTUS
mertus@american.edu
202-885-2474

Expertise

  • Human rights
  • U.S. foreign policy
  • International law
  • Gender & conflict
  • Central & Eastern Europe
  • Ethnic conflict
  • Humanitarian intervention
  • Refugees

Selected Publications

  • Human Rights Matters: Local Politics and National Human Rights Institutions (Stanford University Press, 2009).
  • The United Nations and Human Rights: A Guide for a New Era (Routledge, 2005, second edition 2009).
  • Bait and Switch: Human Rights and U.S. Foreign Policy (New York: Routledge, 2004, second edition

SUSAN SHEPLER
shepler@american.edu
202-885-1618

Expertise

  • Youth
  • Conflict
  • Education
  • Child soldiers
  • Human rights
  • Sierra Leone

Selected Publications

  • "Transnational Fosterage: The Novel Care Arrangements between Guinean Caregivers and Ivorian and Liberian Children Fleeing War" in Everyday Ruptures: Children, Youth, and Migration in Global Perspective. Cati Coe and Rachel Reynolds, Eds. Vanderbilt University Press. 2011.
  • "Child labour and youth enterprise: Post-war urban infrastructure and the bearing boys of Freetown." Anthropology Today. 26(6): 19-22. December 2010.
  • "Youth Music and Politics in Postwar Sierra Leone." The Journal of Modern African Studies. 48(4). 627-642. 2010.

MATTHEW TAYLOR
mtaylor@american.edu

202-885-2474

EXPERTISE

  • Corruption
  • Judicial politics
  • Organized crime
  • Brazil
  • Comparative politics

PUBLICATIONS

  • Corruption and Democracy in Brazil: The Struggle for Accountability. University of Notre Dame Press Kellog Institute Series, 2011 (Co-edited with Timothy J. Power, Oxford University)
  • Judging Policy: Courts and Policy Reform in Democratic Brazil. Stanford University Press, 2008. Recipient of the Victor Nunes Leal Prize for best book in political science and international relations, Brazilian Political Science Association.
  • "Institutional Development through Policymaking: A Case Study of the Brazilian Central Bank." World Politics, 61:3 (July 2009), 487-515.

ROBERT TOMASKO

tomasko@american.edu

202-885-1618

EXPERTISE

  • Social entrepreneurship
  • NGO management
  • Corporate social responsibility
  • Effective activism

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

  • Bigger Isn’t Always Better (Amacom: American Management Association, 2006)
  • “The End of Growth” in Business: The Ultimate Resource (Basic Books, 2006)
  • Go for Growth (John Wiley & Sons, 1996)