School of International Service
- Prof. Bernhofen joined the SIS faculty in the Fall of 2013 with a research and teaching expertise in international economics. Prior to moving to Washington, he was Professor of International Economics and Director of the Globalisation and Economic Policy Research Centre at the University of Nottingham. Prof Bernhofen has published widely on the theoretical, empirical and historical aspects of international trade and his research has appeared in outlets such as the American Economic Review, the Journal of Political Economy and the Journal of International Economics. He is also co-editor of the Palgrave Handbook of International Trade. His research has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the Leverhulme Trust, the British Academy and the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation. Professor Bernhofen is best known for exploiting the 19th century opening up of Japan as a natural experiment to provide the first rigorous test of the theory of comparative advantage and the price formulations of neoclassical trade theory. His current research project on quantifying the impact of the container revolution on world trade has been discussed in media outlets such as The Economist and Foreign Policy.
DegreesPhD, Economics, Maxwell School, Syracuse University; MS, Mathematics, Syracuse University; Diplom Wirtschafsmathematik, University of Ulm (Germany).
Languages Spoken:German (native); French (competent), Italian (elementary)
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Scholarly, Creative & Professional Activities
“Estimating the effects of the container revolution on world trade” (joint with Zouheir El-Sahli and Richard Kneller), forthcoming in the Journal of International Economics.
“The impact of trade preferences on multi-lateral tariff cuts: evidence from Japan” (joint with Tobias Ketterer and Chris Milner), 2015, Journal of the Japanese and International Economies 38: 31-51.
"Preferences, rent destruction and multilateral liberalization: The building block effect of CUSFTA (joint with Tobias Ketterer and Chris Milner), 2014, Journal of International Economics 92: 63-77.
“The effects of the unequal treaties on normative, economic and institutional changes in 19th century Japan”, (joint with Toshihiro Atsumi), 2012, In Rainer Klump and Milos Vec International Law and the World Economy in the 19th century (Voelkerrecht und Weltwirtschaft im 19. Jahrhundert), Springer Verlag: 135-149.
“The empirics of general equilibrium trade theory”., 2011, In D M. Bernhofen, R.Falvey, D. Greenaway and U. Kreickemeier, ed Palgrave Handbook of International Trade, Basingstoke, Palgrave MacMillan: 88-118.
“Multiple cones, factor price differences and the factor content of trade”, 2009, Journal of International Economics 79(2): 266-271.
“Predicting the pattern of international trade in the neoclassical trade model: a synthesis”, 2009, Economic Theory 41: 5-21.
“Making sense of the comparative advantage gains from trade: comment on Batra”, 2006, Review of International Economics 14(3): 517-519.
“An empirical assessment of the comparative advantage gains from trade: evidence from Japan” (joint with John C. Brown), 2005, American Economic Review 95(1): 208-225.
“Gottfried Haberler’s 1930 reformulation of comparative advantage in retrospect”, 2005, Review of International Economics 13(5): 997-1000.
“A direct test of the theory of comparative advantage: the case of Japan” (joint with John. C. Brown), 2004, Journal of Political Economy 112(1), pp. 48-67.
Work In Progress
“Testing the general validity of the Heckscher-Ohlin Theorem” (joint with John Brown), August 2015, revised and resubmitted to the American Economic Journal: Microeconomics (revision of GEP Research paper 2011/15).
“Assessing market (dis)integration in pre-modern China and Europe” (joint with Markus Eberhardt, Jianan Li, and Stephen Morgan), September 2015.
“Exotic trade and trade in exotics: the impact of containerization on new trade” (joint with Zouheir El-Sahli and Richard Kneller), July 2015.
“A direct of the Stolper-Samuelson Theorem: the natural experiment of Japan” (joint with John Brown and Tanimoto Masayuki), September 2014.
“A factor augmentation formulation of the value of international trade” (joint with John Brown), January 2014, GEP Research paper 2012/03.