- PhD, economics, Harvard University, MA, east Asian regional studies, Harvard University, BA, East Asian Studies, Oberlin College
- “The Financial Dimension of Security Sector Reform”, in Mark Sedra (ed.), The Future of Security Sector Reform (forthcoming).
- “Cost and Fiscal Sustainability of Afghanistan’s Security Sector” (with Yoichiro Ishihara and M. Khalid Payenda) in Eden Cole, Alex Dowling, and Candace Karp (editors), Deconstructing the Afghan Security Sector (Geneva Center for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces, forthcoming).
- “Afghanistan: Reconstruction and Development Challenges and the Response of the International Aid Community”, in Afghanistan and the Challenges of Contemporary Peace-Building – The Tswalu Protocol and Background Papers (forthcoming).
- “Public Finance, Security, and Development: A Framework and an Application to Afghanistan”, (with Stephane Guimbert). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series, No. 4806 (January 2009).
- Afghanistan: Economic Incentives and Development Initiatives to Reduce Opium Production. (With Christopher Ward, David Mansfield, and Peter Oldham). DFID and World Bank, 2008.
- “Responding to Afghanistan’s Development Challenge: An Assessment of Experience and Priorities for the Future”, in Geoffrey Hayes and Mark Sedra (editors), Afghanistan: Transition Under Threat. Canada: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2008.
- Afghanistan’s Drug Industry: Structure, Functioning, Dynamics, and Implications for Counter-Narcotics Policy. (Edited with Doris Buddenberg.) UNODC and World Bank, 2006.
Honors, Awards, and Fellowships
- Schumpeter Prize Fellowship and National Resource Fellowship (1981/82)
- Harvard University Center for International Affairs Graduate Associate (1980-1982)
- NDEA Foreign Language Area Studies Fellowships (1978 – 1981)
- Harvard University Scholarship (1977/78)
- Oberlin Shansi Memorial Fellowship (supported two years of work in Afghanistan, followed by a year at Oberlin College, 1974-1977)
- Phi Beta Kappa (1973)
- Presentation, "Transport Development in the Wider Central Asia Region: Prospects, Constraints, and Ways Forward", at workshop organized by the German Federal Foreign Office on Regional Cooperation in Central- and Southwest-Asia, Berlin (July 19-21, 2009).
- Presentation, "Regional Economic Cooperation in the Wider Central Asia Region: Opportunities, Constraints, and Possible Ways Forward", at workshop organized by the German Federal Foreign Office on Regional Cooperation in Central- and Southwest-Asia, Berlin (July 19-21, 2009).
- Presentation, “Challenges and Opportunities for Capacity Development in Afghanistan and Possible Implications for WBI”, at World Bank Institute Consultation Workshop on Capacity Development in Fragile States, Washington, DC (July 16, 2009).
- Presentation, “Armed Violence, Fragility, Security, State Building, and Development: Linkages, Actions, Implications”, at workshop on Violence Prevention: A Critical Dimension of Development, World Bank, Washington, DC (April 4-8, 2009).
- Presentation on Afghanistan’s opium economy and its implications for the rural economy and livelihoods, reconstruction, governance, and security, at Carnegie Europe and Centre d’etudes et recherches internationales (CERI) workshop “Afghanistan in 2008 and Beyond: Understanding Local Dynamics, Dealing with Strategic Challenges”, Paris (December 8, 2008).
- Remarks at NATO Economic Committee Reinforced Meeting on “The Economic Contribution to the Implementation of the Comprehensive Strategic Political-Military Plan for Achieving Enduring Progress in Afghanistan”, Brussels (17-18 November 2008). “Fighting Corruption in Afghanistan: Summaries of Vulnerabilities to Corruption Assessments”, presented at workshops with donors and government agencies, Kabul, Afghanistan (October 28, 2008).
- “Growing Afghanistan’s Licit Economy: Toward a Context-Specific Industrial Policy”, presented at RAND Corporation conference on Afghanistan: Are We Winning?, Airlie Center, Warrentown, Virginia (July 17-18, 2008).
- (with John Speakman) “Afghanistan: Stimulating and Sustaining Private Sector Based Economic Growth”, presented at World Bank workshops with government/donors and private sector representatives in Kabul, Afghanistan (July 3 and 6, 2008, respectively).
- “Counter Narcotics in Afghanistan: A World Bank Perspective”, presented at conference sponsored by GTZ, EC, FAO, Federal Government of Germany, Friedrich Ebert Siftung, and UNODC on Integrating Drug Reduction Approaches into Development Strategies: Practices and Visions for Alternative Development”, Washington, DC (June 24, 2008).