- PhD, Economics, Maxwell School, Syracuse University; MS, Mathematics, Syracuse University; Diplom Wirtschafsmathematik, University of Ulm (Germany).
- Languages Spoken
- German (native); French (competent), Italian (elementary)
- Prof. Bernhofen joined the SIS faculty in the Fall of 2013 with a research and teaching expertise in international economics. Prior to moving to Washington, he was Professor of International Economics and Director of the Globalisation and Economic Policy Research Centre at the University of Nottingham. Prof Bernhofen has published widely on the theoretical, empirical and historical aspects of international trade and his research has appeared in outlets such as the American Economic Review, the Journal of Political Economy, the Journal of Economic Perspectives and the Journal of International Economics. He is also co-editor of the Palgrave Handbook of International Trade. His research has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the Leverhulme Trust, the British Academy and the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation. Professor Bernhofen is best known for exploiting the 19th century opening up of Japan as a natural experiment to provide the first rigorous test of the theory of comparative advantage and the price formulations of neoclassical trade theory. His current research project on quantifying the impact of the container revolution on world trade has been discussed in media outlets such as The Economist and Foreign Policy.
"On the genius behind David Ricardo's 1817 formulation of comparative advantage" (joint with John C. Brown), 2018, Journal of Economic Perspectives 32(4): 227-240.
"Quantity restrictions and price adjustment of Chinese textile exports to the US" (joint with Richard Upward and Zheng Wang), 2018, The World Economy 41(11): 2983-3000.
"Testing the general validity of the Heckscher-Ohlin Theorem" (joint with John C. Brown), 2016, American Economic Journal: Microeconomics 8(4): 54-90.
“Estimating the effects of the container revolution on world trade” (joint with Zouheir El-Sahli and Richard Kneller), 2016, Journal of International Economics 98:36-50.
"Preferences, rent destruction and multilateral liberalization: The building block effect of CUSFTA (joint with Tobias Ketterer and Chris Milner), 2014, Journal of International Economics 92: 63-77.
“Multiple cones, factor price differences and the factor content of trade”, 2009, Journal of International Economics 79(2): 266-271.
“Predicting the pattern of international trade in the neoclassical trade model: a synthesis”, 2009, Economic Theory 41: 5-21.
“An empirical assessment of the comparative advantage gains from trade: evidence from Japan” (joint with John C. Brown), 2005, American Economic Review 95(1): 208-225.
“A direct test of the theory of comparative advantage: the case of Japan” (joint with John. C. Brown), 2004, Journal of Political Economy 112(1), pp. 48-67.
Work In Progress
“Assessing market (dis)integration in pre-modern China and Europe” (joint with Markus Eberhardt, Jianan Li, and Stephen Morgan), October 2015.
“Exotic trade and trade in exotics: the impact of containerization on new trade” (joint with Zouheir El-Sahli and Richard Kneller), July 2015.
“A direct of the Stolper-Samuelson Theorem: the natural experiment of Japan” (joint with John Brown and Tanimoto Masayuki), September 2014.
“A factor augmentation formulation of the value of international trade” (joint with John Brown), January 2014, GEP Research paper 2012/03.
Theoretical and empirical aspects of international trade, global economic history, applied microeconomics.