Current projects of the Center on Health, Society, and Risk include:
IDEAS is a project that examines the characteristics of emerging research fields that are fundamentally interdisciplinary in nature. The project uses co-authorship and citation networks to: (1) Describe the patterns and trajectories of networks for a sample of such fields, (2) draw on those examples to formalize the theoretical linkage between interdisciplinary processes and boundary construction/maintenance, and (3) combine 1 & 2 to identify how actualized trajectories are selections from those possible routes - as a more principled way to evaluate "successful" field-level integration. This project received seed funding from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Health and Society Scholars Program at Columbia University to examine the HIV/AIDS research field, and the investigators are currently investigating additional examples of demography, environmental studies/sciences, with potential later extensions into obesity research and neuroscience. Co-PIs: jimi adams (American University) Ryan Light (University of Oregon) For more information, please visit Professor adams’ website.
Funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), the purpose of the SHARRPP study (Structures, Health and Risk among Reentrants, Probationers and Partners) is to analyze the interconnections between the coercive mobility produced by US drug policies (the massive migration between the criminal justice system and the community) and race disparities in HIV-related sexual risk, among a sample of non-violent drug offenders in Connecticut. Further, the study examines whether the association between coercive mobility and HIV-related sexual risk is affected by the degree of social disorganization in the communities in which these offenders reside. It also will study the feasibility of recruiting and following the sexual partners of these individuals in order to better understand the impacts of coercive mobility on the partners’ HIV-related risk. Longitudinal data (over 3 years) is being collected in New Haven, CT via surveys and semi-structured interviews and combined with secondary data related to neighborhoods.
PI: Kim M. Blankenship (American University, Sociology)
PI on Yale Subcontract: Robert Heimer (Yale School of Public Health)
Project Manager: Amy Smoyer (Yale School of Public Health)
Project Parivartan, which means “long-term change,” as well as “metamorphosis,” conducts research on the implementation and impact of structural interventions (with a focus on community mobilization) for HIV prevention among female sex workers in two states in India - Andhra Pradesh, and more recently, in Maharashtra (proposed). Specifically, the project aims to understand the context of HIV risk among female sex workers and how community mobilization interventions address that risk. Data is collected through surveys (serial cross-sectional) and ethnographic methods (life history interviews, key informant interviews, field observation, etc.), and current data collection involves a comparative case study design. The Parivartan team includes staff in India and the U.S.at several academic institutions.
PI: Kim M. Blankenship (American University, Sociology)
Qualitative Data Manager: Monica R. Biradavolu (American University, Sociology)
Research Manager: Nimesh Dhungana (American University)
The goal of the HIV synthesis project is to generate innovative methodological approaches to compiling, synthesizing and analyzing HIV-related data and to apply them in assessing current transition dynamics and the collective impact of all HIV prevention programming in and across the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Tamil Nadu. In addition, the project aims to work in collaboration with in-country institutions to expand their interdisciplinary expertise and thereby help ensure they can continue this work into the future. The synthesis project will result in a, collated, documented, and accessible (as appropriate) repository of validated HIV-related data; papers, reports, and presentations prepared in collaboration with in-country partners and published or available in venues with open access; user-friendly models and methodologies for conducting assessments of the impact of HIV prevention programming; and the in-country expertise to sustain this work into the future. This project is a consortium comprised of:
Centre hospitalier affilié universitaire de Québec (PI: Michel Alary)
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (PI: Martine Columbien)
American University (PI: Kim M. Blankenship)
Funded by the Eunice K. Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), the Computer Assisted Neighborhood Visual Assessment System (CANVAS) Development Project aims to develop an online interface for researchers to use Google StreetView to conduct neighborhood audits or systematic social observation. As part of the development project, the research team is developing the online interface, testing the reliability and validity of the measures obtained from the interface, and connecting neighborhood data to a nationwide sample of at-risk children.
PI on American subcontract: Michael Bader (American University)
PIs: Julian Teitler and Andrew Rundle (Columbia University)
The Community Health Across Network and geographic Study currently uses Chicago data on four domains - residential and commercial investment, crime, housing, and education - to investigate patterns of neighborhood change that might influence health. Although previous research links the health outcomes of residents to each of the four domains, little work attempts to understand patterns across the four domains. Current studies include an investigation of patterns of food-related retail firm's (e.g., grocery stores and restaurants) formation and failure rates, an analysis of the effect of housing policy, change on crime, and a study to investigate the reciprocal effects of crime and commercial investment. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health & Society Scholars program at the University Of Pennsylvania and Harvard University fund the project. Researchers hope to expand the project to other cities, including Washington D.C., in the upcoming years.
CO-PIs: Michael Bader (American University), Laura Tech (University of Pennsylvania), Andrew Papachristos (Harvard University), Jennifer Jennings (New York University)
Community disruption is a social process that is critical in shaping HIV/AIDS risk and experiences with care and arguably, in producing related race and ethnic disparities. While there are many different processes that disrupt communities, CHRS and its partners are focused on three distinct processes of disruption particularly relevant for DC: criminal justice involvement, particularly the incarceration-re-entry cycle; neighborhood change/”gentrification;” and deportation.
To move this thinking forward, on September 13-14, 2012 the Center on Health, Risk and Society (CHRS) hosted a conference entitled: Community Disruption and HIV/AIDS in the District of Columbia. Read more about the project