From Left to Right: Mariam Kobeissi, BA, Nicolette Carnahan, MA, Candace Koman, MA, Michele Carter, PhD, Dickson Tang, MA, Trinity Howell, MA, Molly Bruh, BA, Tamia Hayes, BA. Not pictured: Tamara Oppliger, MA, Lindsey Siff, BA, Caitlyn Sebastian, BA
Welcome to the Anxiety Disorders Research Lab (ADRL) website at American University in Washington, DC. One of the main objectives of the ADRL is to conduct research aimed at understanding excessive anxiety and related conditions. Further, we are interested in how anxiety symptoms tend to be displayed differently within distinctive cultural frameworks.
We have a set of diverse students with various interests who hope to advance the knowledge and treatment of anxiety disorders in various populations. This site contains information about ADRL and the investigations that we are currently conducting. If you or someone you know is suffering from anxiety, we may be able to help.
Carnahan, N.D., Carter, M.M., & Herr, N.R. (2020). Perpetuating Factors of Social Anxiety: A Serial Mediation Model. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 48, 304-311. doi:10.1017/S1352465819000638
Jones, K.M., Carter, M.M., Bianchi, A.L., Zeglin, R.J., & Schulkin, J. (2020). Obstetrician-Gynecologist and Patient Factors Associated with Intimate Partner Violence Screening in a Clinical Setting. Women and Health. doi:10.1080/03630242.2020.1784368
Carter, M.M., Sbrocco, T., Alexander, T.K., Tang, D., & Carter, C.G. (2019). Implicit association task and perception of homosexuality: differences between African American and Non-Hispanic Caucasian homosexual males. Journal of homosexuality, 1-23. https://doi.org/10.1080/00918369.2019.1585728
Carter, M., & Sbrocco, T. (2018). Cognitive behavioral models, measures, and treatments for anxiety disorders in African Americans. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000091-008
Anagnostopoulos, V. & Carter, M.M. (2018, in press). Self-report versus informant responses: Exploring the relationship between excessive reassurance seeking and depression. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology.
Anagnostopoulos, V., Carter, M.M., & Weissbrod, C. (2015). Pre-Competition Anxiety and Self-Confidence in Collegiate Track and Field Athletes: A Comparison between African American and non-Hispanic Caucasian Men and Women. The Sport Journal. http://thesportjournal.org
Bianchi, K. & Carter, M.M. (2012).An Experimental Analysis of Disgust Sensitivity and Fear of Contagion in Spider and Blood Injection Injury Phobia. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 26, 753-761.
Bruns, G.L., &. Carter, M.M. (2015). Ethnic Differences in the Effects of Media on Body Image: The Effects of Priming with Ethnically Different or Similar Models. Eating Behaviors, 17, 33-36.
Carter, M.M., Mitchell, F.E., & Sbrocco, T. (2012). Treating ethnic minority adults with anxiety disorders: Current status and future recommendations. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 26, 488-501.
Carter, M.M., Sbrocco, T., Riley, S., & Mitchell, F. (2012). Comparing Fear of Positive Evaluation to Fear of Negative Evaluation In Predicting Anxiety from a Social Challenge. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 3, 782-793.
Carter, M.M., Sbrocco, T., Tang, D., Rekrut, F.M., & Condit, C. (2014). Psychometric properties of the social phobia and social interaction anxiety scales: Evidence of construct equivalence in an African American sample. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 28, 633-643.
Condit, C.S., Carter, M., Tang, D., & Rothstein, L.A. (2015). Cultural validity and the measurement of social anxiety: Asian American groups are not psychometrically equivalent. Journal of Depression and Anxiety, 4, 174-182.
Duran, E.H., Sbrocco, T., &. Carter, M.M. (2016). Ethnic identity and Implicit Anti-fat bias: Similarities and Difference between African American and Caucasian Women. Ethnicity and Disease, 26, 69-76.
Jones, K. M., Carter, M. M., & Schulkin, J. (2015). Racial and ethnic disparities in cardiovascular disease: An assessment of obstetrician/gynecologists' knowledge, attitudes, and practice patterns. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities. 2:256–266;DOI 10.1007/s40615-015-0088-9
Rothstein, L.A., Covington, A.M., & Carter, M.M. (2015). Implicit Associations in Blood-Injection-Injury Phobia: Changes after Exposure to a Disgust-Eliciting Stimulus. Clinical and Experimental Psychology, 1, 1-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/cep.1000005.
Rothstein, L.A., Sbrocco, T., & Carter, M.M. (2017). Factor Analysis of EDI-3 Eating Disorder Risk Subscales among African American Women. Journal of Black Psychology, 43, 767-777. doi: 10.1177/0095798417708506.
Carnahan, N. D., Carter, M. M., Sbrocco, T., Rothstein, L., & Armstrong, C. (November, 2019). Social Media and Social Anxiety: Does Facebook Help or Hinder Social Interaction? Poster Presentation, the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies, Atlanta, GA.
Howell, T., Carter, M.M., & Sbrocco, T. (November, 2018). Ethnic differences in Therapy-Seeking Attitudes and Racial Preferences for Therapist. Poster Presentation, the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies, Washington, DC.
Carnahan, N. D. & Carter, M. M. (November 2017). The Effect of Safety Behaviors on Post-Event Processing in a Speech Context. Poster presentation, Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies. San Diego, California.
Carnahan, N. D. & Carter, M. M. (November 2017). The Mediating Role of Safety Behavior Use in the Relationship between Social Cost and Post-Event Processing. Poster presentation, Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies. San Diego, California.
Rekrut, F.M., Herr, N., & Carter, M. (November 2017) The Impact of Gender and Motivation on the Relationship between Socially Anxiety and Alcohol-related Problems in Adults. Poster Presentation, the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies, San Diego, CA.
Tang, D. & Carter, M.M. (November, 2017). Examining social anxiety and worry among ethnic groups with exploratory structural equation modeling. Poster Presentation, the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies, San Diego, CA.
Tang, D., Carter, M., Gunthert, K., & Sbrocco, T. (2015). Structural modeling of social anxiety and worry across cultures. Poster presentation, Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies, Chicago, IL, 2015.
Koman, C.A., Carter, M.M., Sbrocco, T., & Gray, J. Suboptimal physical activity levels: How do exercise deterrents and motivators differ between Caucasian, African American, and Hispanic women. (Paper presentation, Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies, Chicago, IL, 2015).
Rothstein, L.A., Covington, A., Carter, M.M. Implicit Associations in BII Phobia: Changes after Exposure to a Disgust-Eliciting Stimulus. (Paper presentation, Society of Behavioral Medicine, San Antonio, Texas, 2015).
Condit, C.S., Carter, M., Tang, D., & Rothstein, L.A. Factor Structure of the Social Phobia Scale and Social Interaction Anxiety Scale: Differences between South-Asian and East Asian Americans. (Paper presentation, Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies, Philadelphia, PA, 2014).
Hart Duran, E., Sbrocco, T. & Carter, M.M. Cross Ethnic Evaluation of an Implicit Anti-fat Bias: Implications for Treatment. (Paper presentation, Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies, Philadelphia, PA, 2014).
Jones, K.M., Carter, M.M., Gray, J.J., & Schulkin, J. Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Cardiovascular Disease: An Assessment of Obstetrician-gynecologists’ Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice Patterns. (Paper presentation, 22nd Women's Health Congress, Washington, DC, 2014).
Mitchell, F. & Carter, M. Self-Assessment Across Threat Types in Socially Anxious in Socially Anxious Students. (Symposium, Association for Behavior and Cognitive Therapies, Philadelphia, PA, 2014).