Survey: Overview of chapter
- Read learning objectives.
- Read introductory paragraph.
- Read chapter title, headings and subheadings.
- Look at charts, pictures, graphs.
- Read chapter summary, "words to remember," other help at end of chapter.
- Read chapter questions.
Question: Purpose for reading
- Turn a heading or a subheading into a question by asking "who, what, when, where, why or how."
- If no headings, turn a topic sentence into a question.
Read: For Comprehension
- Read one section actively to answer the question asked.
- Compare or contrast with earlier materials studied.
- Answer to the question should be the main idea of paragraph or section- highlight it.
- Locate details and underline in pencil.
- Study tables, graphs, and charts for that section, relating them to text reading.
- Make 3X5 note cards for vocabulary.
- Make annotations in text margins.
Recite: For Understanding
- Read aloud highlighted answer to question asked.
- State aloud from memory.
- To understand - talk aloud to yourself about what is highlighted and underlined.
- Do all of SQ4R process on one section at a time.
Rephrase: Brief notes of chapter
- Write brief chapter outline; or
- Write a brief summary on one notebook page.
Review: For Retention
- Answer text questions.
- Study highlighted and annotated information in text.
- Use helpful memory cues.
- Review vocabulary note cards.
- Compare text notes to lecture notes.
- Repeat this review weekly.
Effective Reading Strategies: The SQ4R Method