Capital Dilemma book cover

Capital Dilemma: Growth and Inequality in Washington, D.C.

Director of the SPA's Metropolitan Policy Center Derek Hyra is co-editor of the newly released book, Capital Dilemma: Growth and Inequality in Washington, DC, which details the forces driving the contemporary economic growth of the nation's capital. While this book argues that federal and city political decisions relate to Washington's recent rebirth, it carefully connects this development to rising inequality and widespread gentrification. The book, co-edited by Sabiyha Prince, exposes the complexities, challenges, and opportunities associated with modern day urban development.

This volume is distinct in that it applies a unique interdisciplinary approach, incorporating historical, sociological, anthropological, economic, geographic, political, and linguistic frameworks, to comprehensively explain the monumental changes taking place in one of the world's most important cities. It also highlights how unequal contemporary development outcomes relate to preexisting inequalities established mainly along race and class lines.
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Race, Class, and Politics in the Cappuccino City

Race, Class, and Politics in the Cappuccino City is an in-depth ethnography of a gilded ghetto. Derek S. Hyra captures here a quickly gentrifying space in which long-time black residents are joined, and variously displaced, by an influx of young, white, relatively wealthy, and/or gay professionals who, in part as a result of global economic forces and the recent development of central business districts, have returned to the cities earlier generations fled decades ago. As a result, America is witnessing the emergence of what Hyra calls "cappuccino cities." A cappuccino has essentially the same ingredients as a cup of coffee with milk, but is considered upscale, and is double the price. In Hyra's cappuccino city, the black inner-city neighborhood undergoes enormous transformations and becomes racially "lighter" and more expensive by the year.
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Immigration and Categorical Inequality

Immigration and Categorical Inequality explains the general processes of migration, the categorization of newcomers in urban areas as racial or ethnic others, and the mechanisms that perpetuate inequality among groups. Inspired by the pioneering work of Charles Tilly on chain migration, transnational communities, trust networks, and categorical inequality, renowned migration scholars apply Tilly's theoretical concepts using empirical data gathered in different historical periods and geographical areas ranging from New York to Tokyo and from Barcelona to Nepal. This volume was edited by MPC Fellow Ernesto Castañeda.
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DC Area Survey

Change occurs constantly in metropolitan areas. Yet there is surprisingly little research infrastructure to measure how people make sense of and react to those changes. This gap in scholarship deprives policymakers and communities of knowledge that could inform development strategies and civic initiatives designed to make metropolitan areas more dynamic and inclusive. Under the auspices of the Metropolitan Policy Center in its School of Public Affairs, American University is launching the annual DC Area Survey (DCAS) to study neighborhood and resident well-being in the Washington, DC (DC) metropolitan area.
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The Roadmap Initiative

The Roadmap research team identified the private-sector industries best positioned for growth in our region based on our competitive advantages, and interviewed over 30 of the region's top business leaders to better understand what it'll take to maximize the potential growth of these industries in Greater Washington over the next decade.
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Policy Brief on Proposed Charter Walkability Preference

MPC held a roundtable discussion on a recent proposal put forward by DC Mayor Muriel Bowser to provide a new preference in the school lottery for applicants who live closer to a participating charter school than to their assigned district neighborhood school, commonly referred to as a "walkability preference." Twenty prominent housing and education policy experts gathered at American University to discuss the potential implications of such a proposal on academic achievement, community development, and social inclusion.
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Other Publications

Bader, Michael. 2014. "Validity of an Ecometric Neighborhood Physical Disorder Measure Constructed by Virtual Street Audit." American Journal of Epidemiology.

Bader, Michael, 2015. "Development and Deployment of the Computer Assisted Neighborhood Visual Assessment System (CANVAS) to Measure Health-Related Neighborhood Conditions." Health & Place.

Bader, Michael. 2015. Community Attraction and Avoidance in Chicago: What's Race Got to Do with It? The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.

Bader, Michael. 2015. "Realizing Racial and Ethnic Neighborhood Preferences? Exploring the Mismatches Between What People Want, Where They Search, and Where They Live." Population Research and Policy Review.

Bader, Michael. 2016. Diversity in the D.C. Area: Findings from the 2016 DC Area Survey. CLALS Working Paper Series. Number 14. American University, Washington, DC.

Bader, Michael. 2016. "The Fragmented Evolution of Racial Integration since the Civil Rights Movement." Sociological Science.

Bader, Michael. 2016. "Use of Google Street View to Assess Environmental Contributions to Pedestrian Injury." American Journal of Public Health.

Chuang, Angie. 2015. "Beyond the Positive-Negative Paradigm of Latino News-Media Representations: DREAM Act exemplars, Stereotypical Selection, and American Otherness." Journalism: Theory, Practice & Criticism.

De Jesus, Maria. 2015. "Attitudes, Perceptions, and Behaviors toward HIV Testing Among African American and East African Immigrant Women in Washington, D.C.: Implications for Targeted HIV Testing Promotion and Communication Strategies." Sexually Transmitted Infections.

De Jesus, Maria. 2015. "'Getting tested is almost like going to the Salem witch trials': Discordant discourses between western public health messages and sociocultural expectations surrounding HIV testing among East African immigrant women." AIDS Care.

De Jesus, Maria. 2016. "A one-size-fits-all HIV prevention and education approach? Interpreting divergent HIV risk perceptions between African American and East African immigrant women in Washington, DC using the proximate-determinants conceptual framework." Sexually Transmitted Diseases.

De Jesus, Maria. 2016. "How religiosity shapes health perceptions and behaviors of Latina immigrants: Is it an enabling or prohibitive factor?" Psychology, Health, and Medicine.

De Jesus, Maria. 2016. "Documentation status as a contextual determinant of HIV risk among young transgender Latinas." LGBT Health.

Esser, Daniel. 2014. "Security Scales: Spectacular and Endemic Violence in Post-Invasion Kabul, Afghanistan." Environment and Urbanization.

Faulk, Lewis. 2015. "Network Connections and Competitively Awarded Funding: The impacts of board network structures and status interlocks on nonprofit organizations' foundation grant acquisition." Public Management Review.

Faulk, Lewis. 2016. "Competitive Advantage in Nonprofit Grant Markets: Implications of Network Embeddedness and Status." International Public Management Journal.

Faulk, Lewis. 2016. "Network Connections and Competitively Awarded Funding: The Impacts of Board Network Structures and Status Interlocks on Nonprofit Organizations' Foundation Grant Acquisition." Public Management Review.

Faulk, Lewis. 2016. "Philanthropy: Shaping and Being Shaped by Public Policy." Nonprofits and Government, 3rd ed.

Gallaher, Carolyn. The Politics of Staying Put: Condo Conversion and Tenant Right-to-Buy in Washington, DC.

Grier, Sonya. 2015. "A Tale of Two Urbanicities: Adolescent Alcohol and Cigarette Consumption in High and Low-Poverty Urban Neighborhoods." Journal of Business Research.

Hyra, Derek. 2015. "Advancing the Future Urban Discourse." City & Community, 14(3), 254-257.

Hyra, Derek. 2015. "The Back-to-the-City Movement: Neighbourhood Redevelopment and Process of Political and Cultural Displacement." Urban Studies.

Hyra, Derek. 2015. "Greasing the Wheels of Integration: Housing and Beyond in Mixed-Income, Mixed-Race Neighborhoods." Housing Policy Debate, 25(4), 785-788.

Hyra, Derek. 2015. "The Obama Administration's Place-Based Initiatives: Why Not Include Small Business Lending Components? Journal of Urban Affairs.

Hyra, Derek. 2016. "The US Great Recession: Exploring Its Association with Black Neighborhood Rise, Decline and Recovery." Urban Geography.

Hyra, Derek. 2016. "Commentary: Causes and Consequences of Gentrification and the Future of Equitable Development Policy." Cityscape, 18(3), 171-179.

Hyra, Derek and Meghan Doughty. 2015. "SBA Lending: Equity and Efficiency Challenges." White paper commissioned by the National Association of Government Guaranteed Lenders.

Hyra, Derek and Ellen Harpel. 2015. "Growth Opportunities and Constraints: Perspectives from CEOs and High-Ranking Executives." The Roadmap for the Washington Region's Economic Future.

Hyra, Derek and Jocelyn Johnston, Bradley Hardy, and Meghan Doughty. 2015. "A State and Local Level Economic Development Policy Gap Analysis." The Roadmap for the Washington Region's Economic Future.

Hyra, D. and J. Rugh. 2016. "The US Great Recession: Exploring Its Association with Black Neighborhood Rise, Decline and Recovery." Urban Geography, 37(5), 700-726.

Morrissey, Taryn. 2016. "Child care and parental labor force participation: A review of the research." Review of Economics of the Household.

Morrissey, Taryn. 2016. "Neighborhood Poverty and Children's Food Insecurity." Children and Youth Services Review.

Pike, David. 2015. "World Streets and Viae Ferae: The Nineteenth-Century Cityscape in Space and Time." Studies in the Humanities.

Pike, David. 2016. "'Slum' A New Vocabulary for Global Modernism . " Columbia University Press.

Ranganathan, Malini. 2014. "Paying for Water, Claiming Citizenship: Political Agency and Water Reforms at the Urban Periphery." International Journal of Urban and Regional Research.

Ranganathan, Malini. 2014. "Mafias in the Waterscape: Urban Informality and Everyday Public Authority in Bangalore." Water Alternatives.

Ranganathan, Malini. 2014. "High Tech and the Monsoon." Governing Urban Futures, London School of Economics and Political Science Urban Age Series.

Ranganathan, Malini. 2016. "Thinking with Flint: Racial Liberalism and the Roots of an American Water Tragedy." Capitalism Nature Socialism.

Ranganathan, Malini. 2015. "Storm Drains as Assemblages: The Political Ecology of Flood Risk in Post-Colonial Bangalore." Antipode.

Ranganathan, Malini. 2015. "Water Marginalization at the Urban Fringe: Environmental Justice and Political Ecology Across the North-South Divide." Urban Geography.