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Global Majority: A Journal of Student Research

The Global Majority E-Journal (ISSN 2157-1252) is a biannual journal publishing on critical issues in the lives of the global majority: the more than 80 percent of the world's population living in developing countries. Topics discussed include poverty, population growth, access to safe water, climate change, and agricultural development. All articles are based on research papers written by AU undergraduate students (mostly freshmen) as one of the course requirements for AU's General Education Course: Econ-110, The Global Majority.

Current Issue Volume 9, Number 2, December 2018

Please note: full articles of Global Majority are temporarily located at

Giving girls a chance: Ending child marriage and promoting education in Georgia and Niger

By Gabrielle Bremer

This article looks at child marriage in Georgia and Niger. Though Georgia has improved their child marriage laws, 14 percent of girls nationwide are still getting married off before they are 18 years old. The percentage of child marriage is considerably higher in Georgia’s rural areas. Niger has the highest percentage of child marriage in the world, with 76 percent of girls getting married before the age of 18 years. This article analyzes the similarities and differences for child marriage in Georgia and Niger. It will also explore policies and precautions that can be taken to reduce child marriage in these countries.

Risky business: Agricultural development and environmental 
consequences in Indonesia and Ecuador

By Dorothy P. Hastings

This article looks at gender-based education inequality in China and India. Over the last several decades, China and India have seen great improvement in the education sector. However, surveys and statistics suggest that there is still much to accomplish. This article analyzes the different ways gender-based education inequalities permeate their societies and their progression to a more equal education system. It reviews the historical context and views on female education, examines youth and adult literacy rates, years of schooling and school enrollments over time.

The water crisis in Ethiopia and Kenya: Being locked out of water and sanitation

By Sofía Pérez Semanaz

This article analyzes a major health issue in two developing countries: the water crisis in Ethiopia and Kenya, which is caused by millions of people being locked out from having access to safe water and sanitation. Ethiopia’s and Kenya’s high mortality rates are a direct result of water-borne diseases. This article examines the evolution of the water crisis in Ethiopia and Kenya by reviewing access rates, the evolution of infant mortality rates, the burden the collection of water puts on children and women, and the lack of education./p>

School is not just for boys: A look at girls’ education in Egypt and Yemen

Isabella Grande

This article looks at gender parity in the education systems of Egypt and Yemen. Although Egypt has seen an increase in the percentage of girls attending school, there are still a variety of constraints (including geography, culture and poverty) that prevent complete gender equality in schooling. Yemen is considered to have one of the widest gender gaps in the world, and although there have been sustained efforts to increase the percentage of girls in school, the same barriers that hold back Egypt have been difficult to overcome in Yemen.


Woman in headress in Arabic-language marketplace

All Articles Indexed by Author

Please note: full articles of Global Majority temporarily located at

  • Dirty and Thirsty: The Struggle for Clean
    Water and Sanitation in Brazil and Nigeria
    Kyanna Alleyne
  • Rural Poverty in Honduras:
    Despite Progress, an Ongoing Challenge
    Carlos Andréu
  • Sinking the Pearl of the Indian Ocean:
    Climate Change in Sri Lanka
    Nazran Baba
  • The Children of Northern Uganda:
    The Effects of Civil War
    Madeline Beard
  • The Impacts of Cote d'Ivoire's Urbanization on
    Its Economy and Populace
    Michael Bible
  • Poverty and Gender Inequality in
    Post-War El Salvador
    Olivia Bell
  • A Clean 5 Gallons a Day Keeps the Doctor Away:
    The Water Crisis in Kenya and Rwanda
    Kianna Billman
  • Climate Change and Natural Disasters in India and Brazil
    Joseph Bisaccia
  • Impact Investing as a Supplement to
    Nicaragua's Traditional Microfinance

    Robert Book
  • Preparing for a Better Future:
    An Analysis of the Youth of Nigeria and Mexico
    Haley Bowcutt
  • Giving Girls a Chance: Ending Child Marriage
    and Promoting Education in Georgia and Niger
    Gabrielle Bremer
  • Boom or Bust:
    Urbanization in Brazil and Indonesia
    Cole Burdell
  • Chinese Urbanization:
    Efforts to Manage the Rapid Growth of Cities
    Janina Calabro
  • Women in Nepal and Yemen: Second-Class Citizens
    Jillian Cameron
  • Poverty in Central Asia:
    Kazakhstan versus Tajikistan
    Gregory Chapman
  • Deforestation in Madagascar: Consequences of
    Population Growth and Unsustainable Agricultural Processes
    Megan Clark
  • Malawi: A Development Puzzle?
    Salman Dossan
  • Water Poverty in Rural Ethiopia:
    Effects on Women, Health and the Poverty Cycle
    Bailey Edelstein
  • Agree to "Plan B": The Causes and Effects of
    Access to Contraception in Egypt and the Philippines

    Rachel Falek
  • Hot Times Ahead:The Effects of Climate Change on
    Agriculture in India and Nigeria
    Maude M. Fitzmaurice
  • A Reputation to Maintain: Myths and Truths about
    Women's Rights in Egypt and Morocco
    Walter Francis
  • Maternal Schooling in Pakistan:
    The Girl Effect in Action
    Lisa Gabrielson
  • The Water Crisis in Yemen: Causes, Consequences and Solutions
    Nicole Glass
  • School Is Not Just for Boys: 
    A Look at Girls’ Education in Egypt and Yemen
    Isabella Grande
  • Risky Business: Agricultural Development and Environmental 
    Consequences in Indonesia and Ecuador
    Dorothy P. Hastings
  • Water in Ethiopia: Drought, Disease and Death
    Morgan Hendrix
  • Effects of Neoliberal Reforms on Small-Scale Agriculture in Brazil
    Alexandra Huddell
  • Impact of Climate Changes on Coffee
    Production in Columbia and Ethiopia
  • Disparities of Poverty in Eastern Africa: Ethiopa and Kenya
    Lara Jakiel
  • Climate Change in Zambia: Impacts and Adaptation
    Couroche Kalantary
  • Contraception Availability and Population
    Growth in Cameroon and Zimbabwe
    Ivy Kaplan
  • Breaking the Cycle: The Causes and Effects of
    Uneducated Girls in Rwanda and Pakistan
    AnLi Kelly-Durham
  • Crowded House:
    Analyzing Overpopulation and Poverty in Bangladesh and Indonesia

    Sarina Kirpalani
  • Child Labor and Human Trafficking: How Children in Burkina Faso and Ghana Lose Their Childhood
    Kaitie Kudlac
  • The Urban Plan for India: A Foundation for Economic Growth
    Will Lawther
  • Muslim Baby-Boom? Examining Fertility in Bangladesh and Lebanon
    Kendell Lincoln
  • Gender Discrimination: A Problem Stunting Honduras's Entire Economy
    Rachel Lomot
  • Leaving the Knot Untied: Education and Child Marriage in Bangladesh and Bolivia
    Emily Lytle

Please note: full articles of Global Majority temporarily located at

  • The Water Crisis in Kenya: Causes, Effects, and Solutions
    Samantha Marshall
  • Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo:
    Children at War
    Toby N. G. McCarroll
  • Indonesia: A Vulnerable Country in the Face of Climate Change
    Mariah Measey
  • Uganda's Gender Divide and Moves toward Equality
    Kerry Milazzo
  • Poverty in Bolivia:
    Dimensions, Political Conflict, and Strategies
    Eliza Morgan
  • Gender-based Education Inequality in China and India
    Abigail Murphy
  • Tilling the Earth: Improved Seed Use in Ethiopia and Brazil
    Michael O'Neill
  • Perpetuating a Vicious Cycle: The Causes and Effects of Poorly Educated Children in Sierra Leone
    Rebecca O'Neill
  • Patriarchal Power and Gender-Based Violence in Guatemala and El Salvador
    Ambar Pardilla
  • Forests and Fauna in Jeopardy:
    Deforestation and Resource Depletion in Brazil and Indonesia
    Isabelle Paredes
  • The Girls of Our Future:
    Gender Inequality in Pakistan and China
    Sophia Paynter
  • Biome Breakdown: The Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture in Nigeria and Thailand
    Cassandra Pendino
  • The Water Crisis in Ethiopia and Kenya:
    Being Locked out of Water and Sanitation
    Sofía Pérez Semanaz
  • How the Lack of Access to Safe Water and Sanitation Hampers Growth and Development: The Case of Peru
    Emily Platt
  • Moving Day: Urbanization in India and China
    Zachary Porter
  • The Caste System: Effects on Poverty in India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka
    Jasmine Rao
  • Dimensions of Poverty: What Contributes to the Continuation of Poverty in Kenya and Vietnam?
    Hannah Rapoport
  • Making the Rice Bowl Bigger:
    Agricultural Output and Rural Poverty in Thailand
    Lila Rieber
  • The Women of Thailand
    Liza Romanow
  • Children in El Salvador:
    Getting Exploited and Missing Opportunities
    Yeomin Ryu
  • The Effect of Education on Brazil's Economic Development
    Lindsay Sandoval
  • Examining Poverty at the Border of West Africa: Guinea and Sierra Leone
    Olivia So
  • Abortion in Cote d'Ivoire and El Salvador: A Consequence of High Fertility and a Cause of Maternal Mortality
    Claire Starks
  • Access to Clean Water and Educational Opportunity in Nicaragua
    Nathan Strauss
  • Children in Egypt and Colombia:
    Lack of Education, Child Labor and Malnutrition
    Gregory Tenor
  • Land Reform and Agricultural Development: Zambia versus Zimbabwe
    Amélie Thouvenot
  • Poverty and Fertility in India: Some Factors Contributing to a Positive Correlation
    Brittany Traeger
  • Poverty in Nigeria: Some Dimensions and Contributing Factors
    Chimobi Ucha
  • No One Wants a Baby Girl: Analyzing Gendercide in China and India
    Samantha Ufret
  • Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture in Guatemala and Honduras
    Karissa Waddick
  • Living in Cities: The Relationship between Urbanization and Economic Growth in Thailand versus Indonesia
    Abd Wafiee Abd Wahab
  • Differences in Poverty in the Dominican Republic and Haiti: Factors that Affect Growth
    Kevin Werner
  • Impact of Climate Change on the Poor in Bolivia
    Christian Winters
  • Climate Change in China: Can China Be a Model of Sustainable Development?
    Hiromi Yagi
  • Agriculture in Kenya and Uganda: Relevance, Behavior, and Performance
    Giorgio Zenere