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Global Majority: A Journal of Student Research

The Global Majority E-Journal (ISSN 2157-1252) is a biannual journal publishing on critical issues in the lives of the global majority: the more than 80 percent of the world's population living in developing countries. Topics discussed include poverty, population growth, access to safe water, climate change, and agricultural development. All articles are based on research papers written by AU undergraduate students (mostly freshmen) as one of the course requirements for AU's General Education Course: Econ-110, The Global Majority.

Current Issue Volume 9, Number 1, June 2018

Please note: full articles of Global Majority temporarily located at

Dirty and thirsty: the struggle for clean water and sanitation in Brazil and Nigeria

By Kyanna Alleyne

This article compares and contrasts the qualities of sanitation and water supply in Brazil and Nigeria. More than one third of Nigeria's population have little to no access to potable water. While the number of people without access to water and proper sanitation in Brazil is smaller than in Nigeria, there are great inequalities across each country. Those living in urban slums are typically left with scarce access and very poor sanitation. This article connects the lack of accessible water to poor sanitation in each country. Although both countries have seen progress in both issues, there are still a great number of people suffering. While analyzing these issues and their effects on the people of each country, this article will also analyze what led to the progress and how that progress can be continued.

gender-based education inequality in china and India

By Abigail Murphy

This article looks at gender-based education inequality in China and India. Over the last several decades, China and India have seen great improvement in the education sector. However, surveys and statistics suggest that there is still much to accomplish. This article analyzes the different ways gender-based education inequalities permeate their societies and their progression to a more equal education system. It reviews the historical context and views on female education, examines youth and adult literacy rates, years of schooling and school enrollments over time.

tilling the earth: improved seed use in Ethiopia and brazil

By Michael O'Neill

This article looks at the use of improved seeds in Ethiopia and Brazil, two countries for whom agriculture is an important force but who are at dramatically different levels of development. Brazil has undergone a productivity revolution in agriculture since the 1970s, transforming from a net importer of food to the world's largest net exporter. Ethiopia is heavily reliant on agriculture for its GDP, yet faces high food insecurity and rural poverty. This article examines how and why gaps exist in the adoption of improved seeds between the two countries. It concludes that Brazil has mounted many of the obstacles Ethiopia now faces, and thus suggests Ethiopia follow Brazil by example.

the girls of our future: gender inequality in Pakistan and china

By Sophia Paynter

This article looks at gender inequality in China and Pakistan. Both countries have histories of having issues with gender inequality, some are similar in both countries, some are different across the two countries. This article reviews the progress made in China and Pakistan on the issues of a) women's education status, b) women's lack of access to health services, and c) women's place in the workplace. We show that China has largely eliminated its previous gender gap in education, Pakistan has made very little progress in terms of educational inequality. While China has a relative high rate of abortions, Pakistan has a high adolescent birth rate. Both countries continue to struggle with giving women equal opportunities in the work place.

Woman in headress in Arabic-language marketplace

All Articles Indexed by Author

Please note: full articles of Global Majority temporarily located at

  • Dirty and Thirsty: The Struggle for Clean
    Water and Sanitation in Brazil and Nigeria
    Kyanna Alleyne
  • Rural Poverty in Honduras:
    Despite Progress, an Ongoing Challenge
    Carlos Andréu
  • Sinking the Pearl of the Indian Ocean:
    Climate Change in Sri Lanka
    Nazran Baba
  • The Children of Northern Uganda:
    The Effects of Civil War
    Madeline Beard
  • The Impacts of Cote d'Ivoire's Urbanization on
    Its Economy and Populace
    Michael Bible
  • Poverty and Gender Inequality in
    Post-War El Salvador
    Olivia Bell
  • A Clean 5 Gallons a Day Keeps the Doctor Away:
    The Water Crisis in Kenya and Rwanda
    Kianna Billman
  • Climate Change and Natural Disasters in India and Brazil
    Joseph Bisaccia
  • Impact Investing as a Supplement to
    Nicaragua's Traditional Microfinance

    Robert Book
  • Preparing for a Better Future:
    An Analysis of the Youth of Nigeria and Mexico
    Haley Bowcutt
  • Boom or Bust:
    Urbanization in Brazil and Indonesia
    Cole Burdell
  • Chinese Urbanization:
    Efforts to Manage the Rapid Growth of Cities
    Janina Calabro
  • Women in Nepal and Yemen: Second-Class Citizens
    Jillian Cameron
  • Poverty in Central Asia:
    Kazakhstan versus Tajikistan
    Gregory Chapman
  • Deforestation in Madagascar: Consequences of
    Population Growth and Unsustainable Agricultural Processes
    Megan Clark
  • Malawi: A Development Puzzle?
    Salman Dossan
  • Water Poverty in Rural Ethiopia:
    Effects on Women, Health and the Poverty Cycle
    Bailey Edelstein
  • Agree to "Plan B": The Causes and Effects of
    Access to Contraception in Egypt and the Philippines

    Rachel Falek
  • Hot Times Ahead:The Effects of Climate Change on
    Agriculture in India and Nigeria
    Maude M. Fitzmaurice
  • A Reputation to Maintain: Myths and Truths about
    Women's Rights in Egypt and Morocco
    Walter Francis
  • Maternal Schooling in Pakistan:
    The Girl Effect in Action
    Lisa Gabrielson
  • The Water Crisis in Yemen: Causes, Consequences and Solutions
    Nicole Glass
  • Water in Ethiopia: Drought, Disease and Death
    Morgan Hendrix
  • Effects of Neoliberal Reforms on Small-Scale Agriculture in Brazil
    Alexandra Huddell
  • Impact of Climate Changes on Coffee
    Production in Columbia and Ethiopia
  • Disparities of Poverty in Eastern Africa: Ethiopa and Kenya
    Lara Jakiel
  • Climate Change in Zambia: Impacts and Adaptation
    Couroche Kalantary
  • Contraception Availability and Population
    Growth in Cameroon and Zimbabwe
    Ivy Kaplan
  • Breaking the Cycle: The Causes and Effects of
    Uneducated Girls in Rwanda and Pakistan
    AnLi Kelly-Durham
  • Crowded House:
    Analyzing Overpopulation and Poverty in Bangladesh and Indonesia

    Sarina Kirpalani
  • Child Labor and Human Trafficking: How Children in Burkina Faso and Ghana Lose Their Childhood
    Kaitie Kudlac
  • The Urban Plan for India: A Foundation for Economic Growth
    Will Lawther
  • Muslim Baby-Boom? Examining Fertility in Bangladesh and Lebanon
    Kendell Lincoln
  • Gender Discrimination: A Problem Stunting Honduras's Entire Economy
    Rachel Lomot
  • Leaving the Knot Untied: Education and Child Marriage in Bangladesh and Bolivia
    Emily Lytle

Please note: full articles of Global Majority temporarily located at

  • The Water Crisis in Kenya: Causes, Effects, and Solutions
    Samantha Marshall
  • Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo:
    Children at War
    Toby N. G. McCarroll
  • Indonesia: A Vulnerable Country in the Face of Climate Change
    Mariah Measey
  • Uganda's Gender Divide and Moves toward Equality
    Kerry Milazzo
  • Poverty in Bolivia:
    Dimensions, Political Conflict, and Strategies
    Eliza Morgan
  • Gender-based Education Inequality in China and India
    Abigail Murphy
  • Tilling the Earth: Improved Seed Use in Ethiopia and Brazil
    Michael O'Neill
  • Perpetuating a Vicious Cycle: The Causes and Effects of Poorly Educated Children in Sierra Leone
    Rebecca O'Neill
  • Patriarchal Power and Gender-Based Violence in Guatemala and El Salvador
    Ambar Pardilla
  • Forests and Fauna in Jeopardy:
    Deforestation and Resource Depletion in Brazil and Indonesia
    Isabelle Paredes
  • The Girls of Our Future:
    Gender Inequality in Pakistan and China
    Sophia Paynter
  • Biome Breakdown: The Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture in Nigeria and Thailand
    Cassandra Pendino
  • How the Lack of Access to Safe Water and Sanitation Hampers Growth and Development: The Case of Peru
    Emily Platt
  • Moving Day: Urbanization in India and China
    Zachary Porter
  • The Caste System: Effects on Poverty in India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka
    Jasmine Rao
  • Dimensions of Poverty: What Contributes to the Continuation of Poverty in Kenya and Vietnam?
    Hannah Rapoport
  • Making the Rice Bowl Bigger:
    Agricultural Output and Rural Poverty in Thailand
    Lila Rieber
  • The Women of Thailand
    Liza Romanow
  • Children in El Salvador:
    Getting Exploited and Missing Opportunities
    Yeomin Ryu
  • The Effect of Education on Brazil's Economic Development
    Lindsay Sandoval
  • Examining Poverty at the Border of West Africa: Guinea and Sierra Leone
    Olivia So
  • Abortion in Cote d'Ivoire and El Salvador: A Consequence of High Fertility and a Cause of Maternal Mortality
    Claire Starks
  • Access to Clean Water and Educational Opportunity in Nicaragua
    Nathan Strauss
  • Children in Egypt and Colombia:
    Lack of Education, Child Labor and Malnutrition
    Gregory Tenor
  • Land Reform and Agricultural Development: Zambia versus Zimbabwe
    Amélie Thouvenot
  • Poverty and Fertility in India: Some Factors Contributing to a Positive Correlation
    Brittany Traeger
  • Poverty in Nigeria: Some Dimensions and Contributing Factors
    Chimobi Ucha
  • No One Wants a Baby Girl: Analyzing Gendercide in China and India
    Samantha Ufret
  • Living in Cities: The Relationship between Urbanization and Economic Growth in Thailand versus Indonesia
    Abd Wafiee Abd Wahab
  • Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture in Guatemala and Honduras
    Karissa Waddick
  • Differences in Poverty in the Dominican Republic and Haiti: Factors that Affect Growth
    Kevin Werner
  • Impact of Climate Change on the Poor in Bolivia
    Christian Winters
  • Climate Change in China: Can China Be a Model of Sustainable Development?
    Hiromi Yagi
  • Agriculture in Kenya and Uganda: Relevance, Behavior, and Performance
    Giorgio Zenere