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Global Majority: A Journal of Student Research

The Global Majority E-Journal (ISSN 2157-1252) is a biannual journal publishing on critical issues in the lives of the global majority: the more than 80 percent of the world's population living in developing countries. Topics discussed include poverty, population growth, access to safe water, climate change, and agricultural development. All articles are based on research papers written by AU undergraduate students (mostly freshmen) as one of the course requirements for AU's General Education Course: Econ-110, The Global Majority.

Current Issue Volume 8, Number 2, December 2017

Please note: full articles of Global Majority temporarily located at

Muslim Baby-Boom? Examining Fertility in Bangladesh and Lebanon

By Kendell Lincoln

While fertility has long been understood as under the influence of many factors, the effects of cultural circumstances, namely religion, are understudied. As fertility rates remain high in the developing world and many majority Muslim countries, the need for further analysis becomes evident as high fertility rates seem to hold back growth and development. This article uses Bangladesh and Lebanon as case studies to examine the evolution of fertility rates over time and to what degree religion remains a determinant for fertility rates.

Climate Change and Natural Disasters in India and Brazil

By Joseph Bisaccia

This article looks at the effects that climate change has on the developing world based on recent experiences in Brazil and India. Both of these countries have vastly growing economics, but climate change and the natural disasters that it cases are hindering further progress. Based on a UNICEF report by Cabral et al. (2009), millions of deaths of children and adolescents in Brazil are a result of climate change. Similarly, a World Bank report by Hallegatte et al. (2016) concluded that climate change could negate India's progress, as it may push almost 50 million people into extreme poverty over the next 15 years. This article analyzes the effects that climate change had on Brazil and India, focusing on floods, droughts and food production.

Leave the Knot Untied: Education and Child Marriage in Bangladesh and Bolivia

By Emily Lytle

This article looks at education and child marriage in Bangladesh and Bolivia. More specifically, it examines how education can prevent girls from marrying when they are still children. While Bangladesh and Bolivia are both developing countries, they are very different in terms of income per capita, culture and the prevalence of child marriage. Therefore, this article will analyze the roots of these differences as well as some similar explanations for child marriage in Bangladesh and Bolivia. It will also look at what policies and initiatives have been successful to reduce child marriage in Bolivia and Bangladesh.

Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture in Guatemala and Honduras

By Karissa Waddick

This article looks at the impact of climate change in Guatemala and Honduras. Both countries rely on agriculture as a main source of income, hence they are highly vulnerable to climate change. Indeed, both countries have already been severely affected by past weather-related disasters that were induced by climate change. Guatemala and Honduras have started to adapt to climate change by farming more efficiently and conserving water. However, much more needs to be done to cope with long-term increase in temperatures and the increasingly volatile environment, which could strip away the agricultural livelihoods of the still many poor people in both countries.

Woman in headress in Arabic-language marketplace

All Articles Indexed by Author

Please note: full articles of Global Majority temporarily located at

  • Rural Poverty in Honduras:
    Despite Progress, an Ongoing Challenge
    Carlos Andréu
  • Sinking the Pearl of the Indian Ocean:
    Climate Change in Sri Lanka
    Nazran Baba
  • The Children of Northern Uganda:
    The Effects of Civil War
    Madeline Beard
  • The Impacts of Cote d'Ivoire's Urbanization on
    Its Economy and Populace
    Michael Bible
  • Poverty and Gender Inequality in
    Post-War El Salvador
    Olivia Bell
  • A Clean 5 Gallons a Day Keeps the Doctor Away:
    The Water Crisis in Kenya and Rwanda
    Kianna Billman
  • Climate Change and Natural Disasters in India and Brazil
    Joseph Bisaccia
  • Impact Investing as a Supplement to
    Nicaragua's Traditional Microfinance

    Robert Book
  • Preparing for a Better Future:
    An Analysis of the Youth of Nigeria and Mexico
    Haley Bowcutt
  • Boom or Bust:
    Urbanization in Brazil and Indonesia
    Cole Burdell
  • Chinese Urbanization:
    Efforts to Manage the Rapid Growth of Cities
    Janina Calabro
  • Women in Nepal and Yemen: Second-Class Citizens
    Jillian Cameron
  • Poverty in Central Asia:
    Kazakhstan versus Tajikistan
    Gregory Chapman
  • Deforestation in Madagascar: Consequences of
    Population Growth and Unsustainable Agricultural Processes
    Megan Clark
  • Malawi: A Development Puzzle?
    Salman Dossan
  • Water Poverty in Rural Ethiopia:
    Effects on Women, Health and the Poverty Cycle
    Bailey Edelstein
  • Agree to "Plan B": The Causes and Effects of
    Access to Contraception in Egypt and the Philippines

    Rachel Falek
  • Hot Times Ahead:The Effects of Climate Change on
    Agriculture in India and Nigeria
    Maude M. Fitzmaurice
  • A Reputation to Maintain: Myths and Truths about
    Women's Rights in Egypt and Morocco
    Walter Francis
  • Maternal Schooling in Pakistan:
    The Girl Effect in Action
    Lisa Gabrielson
  • The Water Crisis in Yemen: Causes, Consequences and Solutions
    Nicole Glass
  • Water in Ethiopia: Drought, Disease and Death
    Morgan Hendrix
  • Effects of Neoliberal Reforms on Small-Scale Agriculture in Brazil
    Alexandra Huddell
  • Impact of Climate Changes on Coffee
    Production in Columbia and Ethiopia
  • Disparities of Poverty in Eastern Africa: Ethiopa and Kenya
    Lara Jakiel
  • Climate Change in Zambia: Impacts and Adaptation
    Couroche Kalantary
  • Contraception Availability and Population
    Growth in Cameroon and Zimbabwe
    Ivy Kaplan
  • Breaking the Cycle: The Causes and Effects of
    Uneducated Girls in Rwanda and Pakistan
    AnLi Kelly-Durham
  • Crowded House:
    Analyzing Overpopulation and Poverty in Bangladesh and Indonesia

    Sarina Kirpalani
  • Child Labor and Human Trafficking: How Children in Burkina Faso and Ghana Lose Their Childhood
    Kaitie Kudlac
  • The Urban Plan for India: A Foundation for Economic Growth
    Will Lawther
  • Muslim Baby-Boom? Examining Fertility in Bangladesh and Lebanon
    Kendell Lincoln
  • Gender Discrimination: A Problem Stunting Honduras's Entire Economy
    Rachel Lomot
  • Leaving the Knot Untied: Education and Child Marriage in Bangladesh and Bolivia
    Emily Lytle

Please note: full articles of Global Majority temporarily located at

  • The Water Crisis in Kenya: Causes, Effects, and Solutions
    Samantha Marshall
  • Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo:
    Children at War
    Toby N. G. McCarroll
  • Indonesia: A Vulnerable Country in the Face of Climate Change
    Mariah Measey
  • Uganda's Gender Divide and Moves toward Equality
    Kerry Milazzo
  • Poverty in Bolivia:
    Dimensions, Political Conflict, and Strategies
    Eliza Morgan
  • Perpetuating a Vicious Cycle: The Causes and Effects of Poorly Educated Children in Sierra Leone
    Rebecca O'Neill
  • Patriarchal Power and Gender-Based Violence in Guatemala and El Salvador
    Ambar Pardilla
  • Forests and Fauna in Jeopardy:
    Deforestation and Resource Depletion in Brazil and Indonesia
    Isabelle Paredes
  • Biome Breakdown: The Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture in Nigeria and Thailand
    Cassandra Pendino
  • How the Lack of Access to Safe Water and Sanitation Hampers Growth and Development: The Case of Peru
    Emily Platt
  • Moving Day: Urbanization in India and China
    Zachary Porter
  • The Caste System: Effects on Poverty in India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka
    Jasmine Rao
  • Dimensions of Poverty: What Contributes to the Continuation of Poverty in Kenya and Vietnam?
    Hannah Rapoport
  • Making the Rice Bowl Bigger:
    Agricultural Output and Rural Poverty in Thailand
    Lila Rieber
  • The Women of Thailand
    Liza Romanow
  • Children in El Salvador:
    Getting Exploited and Missing Opportunities
    Yeomin Ryu
  • The Effect of Education on Brazil's Economic Development
    Lindsay Sandoval
  • Examining Poverty at the Border of West Africa: Guinea and Sierra Leone
    Olivia So
  • Abortion in Cote d'Ivoire and El Salvador: A Consequence of High Fertility and a Cause of Maternal Mortality
    Claire Starks
  • Access to Clean Water and Educational Opportunity in Nicaragua
    Nathan Strauss
  • Children in Egypt and Colombia:
    Lack of Education, Child Labor and Malnutrition
    Gregory Tenor
  • Land Reform and Agricultural Development: Zambia versus Zimbabwe
    Amélie Thouvenot
  • Poverty and Fertility in India: Some Factors Contributing to a Positive Correlation
    Brittany Traeger
  • Poverty in Nigeria: Some Dimensions and Contributing Factors
    Chimobi Ucha
  • No One Wants a Baby Girl: Analyzing Gendercide in China and India
    Samantha Ufret
  • Living in Cities: The Relationship between Urbanization and Economic Growth in Thailand versus Indonesia
    Abd Wafiee Abd Wahab
  • Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture in Guatemala and Honduras
    Karissa Waddick
  • Differences in Poverty in the Dominican Republic and Haiti: Factors that Affect Growth
    Kevin Werner
  • Impact of Climate Change on the Poor in Bolivia
    Christian Winters
  • Climate Change in China: Can China Be a Model of Sustainable Development?
    Hiromi Yagi
  • Agriculture in Kenya and Uganda: Relevance, Behavior, and Performance
    Giorgio Zenere