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Global Majority: A Journal of Student Research

The Global Majority E-Journal (ISSN 2157-1252) is a biannual journal publishing on critical issues in the lives of the global majority: the more than 80 percent of the world's population living in developing countries. Topics discussed include poverty, population growth, access to safe water, climate change, and agricultural development. All articles are based on research papers written by AU undergraduate students (mostly freshmen) as one of the course requirements for AU's General Education Course: Econ-110, The Global Majority.

Current Issue Volume 10, Number 1, June 2019

Please note: Archives of full articles of Global Majority are available online

El Salvador’s Drivers of Poverty: Low Levels of Education, Lack of Access to Water and Sanitation, and Violence and Crime

By Isabelle Bissonnette

This article discusses the underlying problems associated with high poverty rates in El Salvador. El Salvador has advanced access to basic public services but fails to ameliorate the threats of poverty that negatively impact social development. This article reviews explanations for why poverty has not improved more substantially and what some of the key drivers are for poverty in El Salvador, focusing on low levels of education, lack of access to water and sanitation, and high rates of violence and crime. It also discusses ethical aspects related to these three drivers of poverty. The article concludes with some brief suggestions on what El Salvador should do in the future to lower poverty rates and increase economic growth.

Growing Inequality in the People’s Republic of China: Dimensions and Solutions

By John Feher III

This article examines the current state of inequality in China through a variety of lenses. Following the establishment of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) by the Chinese Communist Party in 1949, China reduced inequalities during the subsequent decades. However, after transitioning to a market-based economy, which started in 1978, under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping and subsequent very high economic growth, China has become one of the most unequal countries in the world in numerous aspects such as income, opportunities like getting higher education, and healthcare. This article looks at some of the dimensions and reasons for these inequalities and explains some possible remedies.

Women’s Rights Gone Missing: Gender Inequality and HIV Prevalence in Malawi

By Dezimey Kum

This article examines the socio-demographic and behavioral characteristics underlying gender inequalities and how it is related to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic in Malawi. Malawi is one of the countries that has made unsatisfactory progress in reducing the HIV prevalence rate, especially among women. Some of the main reasons for Malawi’s little progress is due to gender inequality, specifically in the areas of violence, education, empowerment, and healthcare. This article examines these four areas and how much progress has been made in reducing the gender gap in these areas in the interest of controlling the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Malawi.

Gender Inequality in Guatemala: Why Girls Receive Less Education Than Boys

By Lizzy Tarallo

This article focuses on gender-based educational inequality in Guatemala, which despite some recent progress is still pervasive. Especially indigenous girls often receive little to no education. This article examines the evolution of gender-based educational inequality in terms of adult and youth literacy rates and primary, secondary and tertiary school enrollment. It then discusses ethical and political aspects of gender inequality in Guatemala, including how educational inequality is related to a societal dependency on girls and women for the collection of drinking water. The article concludes with some basic recommendations.

Woman in headress in Arabic-language marketplace

All Articles Indexed by Author

Please note: full articles of Global Majority temporarily located at

  • Dirty and Thirsty: The Struggle for Clean
    Water and Sanitation in Brazil and Nigeria
    Kyanna Alleyne
  • Rural Poverty in Honduras:
    Despite Progress, an Ongoing Challenge
    Carlos Andréu
  • Sinking the Pearl of the Indian Ocean:
    Climate Change in Sri Lanka
    Nazran Baba
  • The Children of Northern Uganda:
    The Effects of Civil War
    Madeline Beard
  • The Impacts of Cote d'Ivoire's Urbanization on
    Its Economy and Populace
    Michael Bible
  • Poverty and Gender Inequality in
    Post-War El Salvador
    Olivia Bell
  • A Clean 5 Gallons a Day Keeps the Doctor Away:
    The Water Crisis in Kenya and Rwanda
    Kianna Billman
  • Climate Change and Natural Disasters in India and Brazil
    Joseph Bisaccia

  • El Salvador’s Drivers of Poverty: Low Levels of Education,
    Lack of Access to Water and Sanitation, and Violence and Crime
    Isabelle Bissonnette

  • Impact Investing as a Supplement to
    Nicaragua's Traditional Microfinance

    Robert Book
  • Preparing for a Better Future:
    An Analysis of the Youth of Nigeria and Mexico
    Haley Bowcutt
  • Giving Girls a Chance: Ending Child Marriage
    and Promoting Education in Georgia and Niger
    Gabrielle Bremer
  • Boom or Bust:
    Urbanization in Brazil and Indonesia
    Cole Burdell
  • Chinese Urbanization:
    Efforts to Manage the Rapid Growth of Cities
    Janina Calabro
  • Women in Nepal and Yemen: Second-Class Citizens
    Jillian Cameron
  • Poverty in Central Asia:
    Kazakhstan versus Tajikistan
    Gregory Chapman
  • Deforestation in Madagascar: Consequences of
    Population Growth and Unsustainable Agricultural Processes
    Megan Clark
  • Malawi: A Development Puzzle?
    Salman Dossan
  • Water Poverty in Rural Ethiopia:
    Effects on Women, Health and the Poverty Cycle
    Bailey Edelstein
  • Agree to "Plan B": The Causes and Effects of
    Access to Contraception in Egypt and the Philippines

    Rachel Falek
  • Growing Inequality in the People’s Republic of China:
    Dimensions and Solutions
    John Feher III
  • Hot Times Ahead:The Effects of Climate Change on
    Agriculture in India and Nigeria
    Maude M. Fitzmaurice
  • A Reputation to Maintain: Myths and Truths about
    Women's Rights in Egypt and Morocco
    Walter Francis
  • Maternal Schooling in Pakistan:
    The Girl Effect in Action
    Lisa Gabrielson
  • The Water Crisis in Yemen: Causes, Consequences and Solutions
    Nicole Glass
  • School Is Not Just for Boys: 
    A Look at Girls’ Education in Egypt and Yemen
    Isabella Grande
  • Risky Business: Agricultural Development and Environmental 
    Consequences in Indonesia and Ecuador
    Dorothy P. Hastings
  • Water in Ethiopia: Drought, Disease and Death
    Morgan Hendrix
  • Effects of Neoliberal Reforms on Small-Scale Agriculture in Brazil
    Alexandra Huddell
  • Impact of Climate Changes on Coffee
    Production in Columbia and Ethiopia
  • Disparities of Poverty in Eastern Africa: Ethiopa and Kenya
    Lara Jakiel
  • Climate Change in Zambia: Impacts and Adaptation
    Couroche Kalantary
  • Contraception Availability and Population
    Growth in Cameroon and Zimbabwe
    Ivy Kaplan
  • Breaking the Cycle: The Causes and Effects of
    Uneducated Girls in Rwanda and Pakistan
    AnLi Kelly-Durham
  • Crowded House:
    Analyzing Overpopulation and Poverty in Bangladesh and Indonesia

    Sarina Kirpalani
  • Women’s Rights Gone Missing:
    Gender Inequality and HIV Prevalence in Malawi
    Dezimey Kum
  • Child Labor and Human Trafficking: How Children in Burkina Faso and Ghana Lose Their Childhood
    Kaitie Kudlac
  • The Urban Plan for India: A Foundation for Economic Growth
    Will Lawther
  • Muslim Baby-Boom? Examining Fertility in Bangladesh and Lebanon
    Kendell Lincoln
  • Gender Discrimination: A Problem Stunting Honduras's Entire Economy
    Rachel Lomot
  • Leaving the Knot Untied: Education and Child Marriage in Bangladesh and Bolivia
    Emily Lytle

Please note: full articles of Global Majority temporarily located at

  • The Water Crisis in Kenya: Causes, Effects, and Solutions
    Samantha Marshall
  • Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo:
    Children at War
    Toby N. G. McCarroll
  • Indonesia: A Vulnerable Country in the Face of Climate Change
    Mariah Measey
  • Uganda's Gender Divide and Moves toward Equality
    Kerry Milazzo
  • Poverty in Bolivia:
    Dimensions, Political Conflict, and Strategies
    Eliza Morgan
  • Gender-based Education Inequality in China and India
    Abigail Murphy
  • Tilling the Earth: Improved Seed Use in Ethiopia and Brazil
    Michael O'Neill
  • Perpetuating a Vicious Cycle: The Causes and Effects of Poorly Educated Children in Sierra Leone
    Rebecca O'Neill
  • Patriarchal Power and Gender-Based Violence in Guatemala and El Salvador
    Ambar Pardilla
  • Forests and Fauna in Jeopardy:
    Deforestation and Resource Depletion in Brazil and Indonesia
    Isabelle Paredes
  • The Girls of Our Future:
    Gender Inequality in Pakistan and China
    Sophia Paynter
  • Biome Breakdown: The Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture in Nigeria and Thailand
    Cassandra Pendino
  • The Water Crisis in Ethiopia and Kenya:
    Being Locked out of Water and Sanitation
    Sofía Pérez Semanaz
  • How the Lack of Access to Safe Water and Sanitation Hampers Growth and Development: The Case of Peru
    Emily Platt
  • Moving Day: Urbanization in India and China
    Zachary Porter
  • The Caste System: Effects on Poverty in India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka
    Jasmine Rao
  • Dimensions of Poverty: What Contributes to the Continuation of Poverty in Kenya and Vietnam?
    Hannah Rapoport
  • Making the Rice Bowl Bigger:
    Agricultural Output and Rural Poverty in Thailand
    Lila Rieber
  • The Women of Thailand
    Liza Romanow
  • Children in El Salvador:
    Getting Exploited and Missing Opportunities
    Yeomin Ryu
  • The Effect of Education on Brazil's Economic Development
    Lindsay Sandoval
  • Examining Poverty at the Border of West Africa: Guinea and Sierra Leone
    Olivia So
  • Abortion in Cote d'Ivoire and El Salvador: A Consequence of High Fertility and a Cause of Maternal Mortality
    Claire Starks
  • Access to Clean Water and Educational Opportunity in Nicaragua
    Nathan Strauss
  • Gender Inequality in Guatemala: 
    Why Girls Receive Less Education Than Boys
    Lizzy Tarallo
  • Children in Egypt and Colombia:
    Lack of Education, Child Labor and Malnutrition
    Gregory Tenor
  • Land Reform and Agricultural Development: Zambia versus Zimbabwe
    Amélie Thouvenot
  • Poverty and Fertility in India: Some Factors Contributing to a Positive Correlation
    Brittany Traeger
  • Poverty in Nigeria: Some Dimensions and Contributing Factors
    Chimobi Ucha
  • No One Wants a Baby Girl: Analyzing Gendercide in China and India
    Samantha Ufret
  • Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture in Guatemala and Honduras
    Karissa Waddick
  • Living in Cities: The Relationship between Urbanization and Economic Growth in Thailand versus Indonesia
    Abd Wafiee Abd Wahab
  • Differences in Poverty in the Dominican Republic and Haiti: Factors that Affect Growth
    Kevin Werner
  • Impact of Climate Change on the Poor in Bolivia
    Christian Winters
  • Climate Change in China: Can China Be a Model of Sustainable Development?
    Hiromi Yagi
  • Agriculture in Kenya and Uganda: Relevance, Behavior, and Performance
    Giorgio Zenere