Research: Campaigns & Elections

Elections are arguably the single most important event in American democratic life, an opportunity for Americans to both give their consent to be governed and to hold their representatives accountable for past performance. Democratic elections are, or should be, competitive events. Yet, while we expect vigorous campaigning focused on securing victory, we also expect campaigns and candidates to conduct themselves in a manner befitting the high offices they pursue. Here you will find materials that CCPS has produced on campaigns and elections.


CCPS co-produced two videos with British Broadcasting Corporation's project--a publicly funded distance learning initiative established in 1969. There are about 180,000 students enrolled and about 3 million alumni. These videos were prodcast on the BBC:

Data Sets

As part of the Improving Campaign Conduct project, the Center's scholars collected election data on the 2000 election results from every state, broken down by precinct and county. The data sets are posted here.


  • Political Campaign Consultants: Their Role in Political Campaigns, Views on Ethical Practices, and the Perceived Impact of the BCRA on Political Campaigns. Aadministered by Harris Interactive, 2003†
  • Public Attitudes Toward Campaigns and Campaign Practices. Yankelovich Partners, 2000†
  • Americans Speak Out About the 2000 Elections. Yankelovich Partners, 2000†
  • Political Campaign Consultants. Yankelovich Partners, 1999†
  • Attitudes of Political Consultants. The Pew Research Center, 1997†


  • Shades of Gray: Perspectives on Campaign Ethics (Now in its third edition), Candice J. Nelson, David A. Dulio, and Stephen K. Medvic, eds., 2002†
  • Crowded Airwaves: Campaign Advertising in Elections. James A. Thurber, Candice J. Nelson, and David A. Dulio, Editors, 2001†
  • Campaign Warriors: Political Consultants in Elections. James A. Thurber and Candice J. Nelson, eds., 2000†
  • The Battle for Congress: Consultants, Candidates, and Voters. James A. Thurber, Editor, 2000†


  • "Is the Permanent Campaign Alive and Well After 9/11?" James Thurber, 2002†
  • "A Portrait of the Consulting Industry." James Thurber and David Dulio, Campaigns and Elections, July, 1999†
  • "Campaign Elites: The Attitudes and Roles of Professional Political Consultants." James A. Thurber, Candice Nelson, and David Dulio, presented at Western Political Science Association, 1969†
  • "Just Win, Baby: Campaign Consultants, Ethical Standards and Practices, and Campaign Reform." David Dulio, presented at Midwest Political Science Association, 1969†
  • "Political Consulting: A Portrait of the Industry." James Thurber, Candice Nelson, and David Dulio, presented at American Political Science Association, 1969†